Future of waste management in Russian megacities


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Team Finland Future Watch Report

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Future of waste management in Russian megacities

  2. 2. • Identification of most urgent and acute waste management problems in Moscow and Saint Petersburg through desk study and expert interviews • To examine identified problems critically in the mirror of Finnish offering • Providing ideas for further development through analyzing the major opportunities Work Approach
  3. 3. Finpro ry: • • • • • PM Olga Makeeva, senior consultant Sergey Chernega, consultant Moscow Helenä Lähteenmäki, Head of Trade Center Moscow Kirsi-Maarit Poljatschenko, Head of Trade Center Saint Petersburg Inna Semak, consultant Saint Petersburg Solved.fi: • Santtu Hulkkonen, Executive Vice President External expert team: • • • Tekes: • • • • • Marina Himanen, ENPI project expert, University of Jyväskylä Jukka Loikala, Cargotec Finland Oy Mikko Kantero, GreenSound Oy Virpi Herranen, Head of Tekes Russia Kari Herlevi, program director Reijo Munther, program director Pavel Cheshev, Tekes Russia, advisor Asko Vesanto, financial director Project Team
  4. 4. 60 mln tons of SMW a year / 400 kg per capita Figures and facts Waste generation increasing 15-16% a year Average rate of MSW utilization 7-8% Almost all existing waste landfills are overfilled, no opportunity to enlargement. Municipal solid waste in Russian Federation Only 8% of waste disposal areas meet the requirements Currently almost 90 billion tons of waste accumulated in Russia RUSSIAN MSW IN NUT SHELL
  5. 5. Degree of sophistication in waste management Russian waste management market is still in the early stage of development, thus offering strong growth opportunities Western Europe Russia Awareness Source: Frost & Sullivan > Growth > Maturity > Decline?
  6. 6. Territory, km2 Population in 2013 Population in 2020 Population density, 2013 11,7 (official data) millions Up to 20 as per unofficial estimation GRP 2012 MOSCOW AS EMERGING MEGACITY 1100 274 bln EUR +13% 10383 inhabitants / km2 The largest financial, international and business centre. Chemical, metallurgy, Main food, textile, furniture, energy production, software development and industries machinery. 17% of retail sales and for 13% of all construction in Russia .  National and International Financial Services Centre: 25-30% of Russia’s GDP will be produced in Moscow.  20% of Russian population will live in Moscow agglomeration. Scenarios /  The city territory will grow 2.5 times strategy of (Big Moscow + New Moscow 1600 km2) development –  Skolkovo – “future/ideal town”: 4E 2020 vision principles: ecological soundness, ergonomic efficiency, energy efficiency, and economic efficiency.  150 km of new roads and 70 new metro stations
  7. 7. Description Agreement on cooperation between Moscow city and Moscow region governments. Pilot MSW handling project in South-West municipal district Development of interregional waste handling system. Implementation schedule 2012 2013 No data Increasing waste disposal tariffs. Closing down 24 out of 39 landfills in Moscow region 17 Eco-techno parks (waste recycling complexes) on the base of PPP model with investments of 4 bln EUR to increase waste recycling from 13% to 65% and minimise the disposal of waste at the landfills Construction of waste incineration plants, including the largest in Europe (0.7 Mt/a), in Moscow’s Korovino industrial area. Equipping all waste trucks with Global Navigation Satellite Systems, GPS and onboard video cameras Starting of 29 Moscow region landfill sites reclamation (redevelopment) 2013 2013-2020 No data 2012-2020 2013-2016 New waste management projects and initiatives in Moscow
  8. 8. Territory, sq. km 600 Population, 2013 5,03 (official data) mill. inhabitants Expert evaluation 7,5 – 10 millions Plus 134 000 inhabitants in Yuzhny Population in 2020 Population density GRP, 2012 Main industries SAINT PETERSBURG - the second largest Scenarios / strategy of development – 2020 vision +10% 7769 inhabitants / km2 53.5 bln EUR Trade gateway, financial and industrial centre of Russia. Oil and gas trade, shipbuilding yards, aerospace industry, radio and electronics, software and computers; machine building, heavy machinery and transport, including tanks and other military equipment, mining, instrument manufacture, ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy (production of aluminium alloys), chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, publishing and printing, food and catering, wholesale and retail, textile and apparel industries  Centre of high-tech industry: 50% of GRP – industry and related services (including R&D 6% - engineering, software development, etc.)  Increasing of environmental security  Growth in prosperity (highly-paid working positions (increasing of salary on 100%)  Development of attractive urban environment  Strengthen the status of cultural centre of Russia (= developing education, culture, tourism)
  9. 9. Description New Program on Solid Waste Management for 2012 – 2020 adopted in May 2012 Implementation schedule 2012 – 2020 Construction of two new waste recycling plants with a capacity of 350 000 t 2014 > Modernization of two existing waste recycling plants. 2013 > Pilot project on MWS recycling in Moscovskiy, Kolpinskiy and Krasnogvardeyskiy districts September 2013 > Waste sorting plants to be built in Leningrad Oblast in 2013-2014 in Sosnovy Bor, Lomonosov, Gatchina, Tosno, Vsevolozhsk and Kingisepp districts; investment for one sorting plant is 1.2-1.3 MEUR. 70% of MSW to be sorted by 2018. 2013 - 2018 Reclamation of waste landfill PTO-3 2012-2014 Two new industrial complexes for waste processing and waste disposal by 2015 All retail estate management companies have to sign direct contracts with waste recycling plants by 2015 New state-owned waste transportation company being established 2013 > Development of a regional waste register (data base) and State Information System on waste management. Waste trucks will be equipped with navigation systems 2013 > Pilot plant on hazardous waste treatment in Krasny Bor 2014 > New waste management projects and initiatives in St. Petersburg
  10. 10. Non-selective waste collection Illegal disposal of waste, lack of control Limited financing and low prices for waste production and collection Poor legislation that does not stimulate recycling Lack of environmental education among population, slow adoption of waste sorting and separation Limited demand for recycled raw materials Illegal disposal of waste, lack of control Migration and social-economic stratification of society Low quality of services, lack of professionalism and standards Growing public and governmental awareness of environmental and waste problems Severe undercapacity of waste treatment facilities Increase in prices for waste collection and transportation services Prospects for increasing control on waste collection and logistics Prospects for state financing of new waste management projects Increasing competition Growth in waste volumes through increasing consumption Huge volumes of generated waste in landfills that need immediate treatment MSW management trends and market drivers
  11. 11. • • Exhaustion of natural resources management • State/local authorities face towards MSW • Growing of environmental responsibility in both Increase of eco-consciousness among Russian population • public and private sectors • Moving from burying and incineration to recycling • Development of Intensification of economic problems, global economic recession • new packaging, control, waste Growing population and migration • Formation of management and other technologies • interregional or federal waste International management companies entering system the Russian market
  12. 12. Opportunities for Finnish-Russian cooperation on MSW Russian market MSW logistic Education and competence development Niche market: ecodwellings Picture: Team Finland / Riitta Supperi MSW Eco-techno parks Developing new waste landfills / recultivation of old ones
  13. 13. Mapping Finnish expertise and conceptualizing Finnish offering Monitoring on-going projects in Russia, identifying real needs of public and private clients in Moscow, Saint Petersburg and other cities, identifying interested Russian counterparties Identification of specific districts with progressive waste management and clear needs for improvements in St. Petersburg, Moscow or in other regions Increasing awareness of Finnish offering in general (a seminar or series of seminars) Pilot projects PROPOSALS ON FURTHER ACTIONS Protocol of intentions between Russian (Moscow, Saint Petersburg) and Finnish high-level authorities on waste management cooperation
  14. 14. THANK YOU!
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