The Pathway to Inquiry-Based Science  Education in Europe and BeyondChallenges and Solutions for IBSE Adoption   Mario Bar...
Table of Contents• Introduction  – Pathway project  – Inquiry-based Science Education (IBSE)• Summary of the study• Result...
Introduction - PATHWAY• FP7-Science-in-Society-2010-1, Coordination and support  actions• Participants from 14 Countries: ...
PATHWAY strategy• proposes a standard-based approach to teaching science by  inquiry that outlines instructional models th...
IBSE: Introduction• IBSE refers to the conscious use of inquiry as a  pedagogical strategy where students engage actively ...
Five essential features• Learners are engaged by scientifically oriented questions;• Learners give priority to evidence, w...
Methodology of the study• Visionary workshops organised in 12 countries• Common guidelines and themes for discussion• Diff...
PATHWAY Visionary WorkshopsCountry    Partner     in-         pre-service    curriculum          policy makers    other   ...
EDEN CONFERENCE 2011,                                         927-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
level of adoption of IBSE• Good adoption: Finland and Greece• Overall, low level of adoption in EU• Student research proje...
Limitations from school organisation and school practices• Time constraints (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,  Germany, Romania...
Challenges for the IBSE adoption• Incompatibility between current school schedules and time required for  inquiry activiti...
Strategies for solving the problems• Changes in the educational system and the organisation of  educational activities• Su...
SWOT Analysis                                                                                                             ...
SWOT Analysis: Strengths              EDEN CONFERENCE      2011,           27-29 October 2011 in   15                Athen...
SWOT Analysis: Weaknesses               EDEN CONFERENCE       2011,           27-29 October 2011 in   16                 A...
SWOT Analysis: Opportunities                EDEN CONFERENCE        2011,           27-29 October 2011 in   17             ...
SWOT Analysis: Threats             EDEN CONFERENCE     2011,           27-29 October 2011 in   18               Athens (Pa...
Recommendations•   Provide a clear operational model for IBSE teaching•   Facilitate opportunities for teachers to develop...
Next Steps• During 2012 and 2013 PATHWAY will  implement a large number of teacher  training activities                   ...
Thank youwww.futurelearning.orgUniversitat de BarcelonaMario Barajas: mbarajas@ub.eduPATHWAY project:www.bayceer.uni-bayre...
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Pathway presentation at EDEN 2011 by Mario Barajas (FutureLearning, UB)

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Pathway presentation at EDEN 2011 by Mario Barajas (FutureLearning, UB)

A study on the key issues, trends, tensions and uncertainties and, where possible, alternative future trajectories related to Inquiry based Science Education (IBSE) in Europe. The study is based on the "Science Education Future Challenges Report" prepared in the framework of PATHWAY. The report covers a series of 38 PATHWAY Visionary Workshops were organised by the consortium in 12 countries, involving 1024 participants. The outcomes of the report were analysed and conclusions are drawn.

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Pathway presentation at EDEN 2011 by Mario Barajas (FutureLearning, UB)

  1. 1. The Pathway to Inquiry-Based Science Education in Europe and BeyondChallenges and Solutions for IBSE Adoption Mario Barajas Frutos, Anna Trifonova, Joaquin Gimenez, University of Barcelona - DOE, Spain
  2. 2. Table of Contents• Introduction – Pathway project – Inquiry-based Science Education (IBSE)• Summary of the study• Results – Current State of Science Education – Factors for successful adoption of IBSE – Challenges for IBSE adoption and proposed solutions – SWOT analysis• Recommendations EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 2 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  3. 3. Introduction - PATHWAY• FP7-Science-in-Society-2010-1, Coordination and support actions• Participants from 14 Countries: Germany, Austria, United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Greece, Finland, France, Belgium, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Romania and Russia• Members from educational communities, science centres and museums and research centres EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 3 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  4. 4. PATHWAY strategy• proposes a standard-based approach to teaching science by inquiry that outlines instructional models that will help teachers to organise effectively their• deploys a series of training methods to motivate teachers to adopt inquiry based techniques and activities in their classrooms• offers access to a unique collection of open educational resources (linked with the science curricula) that have proven their efficiency and efficacy in promoting inquiry based education and that are expanding the limitations of classroom instruction• Develop and support a community of practitioners of inquiry EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 4 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  5. 5. IBSE: Introduction• IBSE refers to the conscious use of inquiry as a pedagogical strategy where students engage actively with questions and problems associated with their subject or discipline.• It is a pedagogical approach that has philosophical and theoretical roots in the constructivist educational paradigm. EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 5 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  6. 6. Five essential features• Learners are engaged by scientifically oriented questions;• Learners give priority to evidence, which allows them to develop and evaluate explanations that address scientifically oriented questions;• Learners formulate explanations from evidence to address scientifically oriented questions;• Learners evaluate their explanations in light of alternative explanations, particularly those reflecting scientific understanding;• Learners communicate and justify their proposed explanations EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 6 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  7. 7. Methodology of the study• Visionary workshops organised in 12 countries• Common guidelines and themes for discussion• Different formats, depending on the context and the participants• 18 reports according to a reporting template• Content Analysis of the reports looking for general trends, categorizing info, identifying specifics from different countries EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 7 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  8. 8. PATHWAY Visionary WorkshopsCountry Partner in- pre-service curriculum policy makers other Total Acronym service teachers developers / teachers administratorsAustria BMUKK 14 144 158Belgium KHLim 47 12 3 5 67Bulgaria SHUMEN 40 3 43Finland HU 15 1 27 43Ireland DCU 32 2 2 1 37Italy MNST 20 7 11 38Germany UBT 16 HUB 1 26 2 133 LUE 8 40 40Greece EA 20 80 PI 30 235 IASA 15 60 ASPETE 30Romania CCD 130 2 2 134Russia CITLE 33 4 11 5 53Spain UB 15 20 2 1 4 42UK UCAM 32 41 FUTURELAB 4 1 4TOTAL 449 114 9 31 414 1024 EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 8 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  9. 9. EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 927-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  10. 10. level of adoption of IBSE• Good adoption: Finland and Greece• Overall, low level of adoption in EU• Student research projects including IBSE activities: Austria, Belgium, Italy, Spain and UK• Not impeded by the curriculum: Belgium, Germany and Spain• serious obstacles in the curriculum: Bulgaria, Italy, Romania EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 10 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  11. 11. Limitations from school organisation and school practices• Time constraints (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Spain, and UK) – lack of time for preparing IBSE classes – too little teaching hours dedicated in science – too short time frames in the school scheduler for implementing such lessons• Large students groups• Small or poorly equipped labs and lack of material for experiments (Italy, Romania, Russia) EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 11 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  12. 12. Challenges for the IBSE adoption• Incompatibility between current school schedules and time required for inquiry activities• Dealing with the Large number of students per class• Lack of teacher experience with IBSE and lack of good IBSE-related materials or knowledge about such• Lack of time for preparation and implementation of innovative classroom activities• No dedicated time in teachers’ schedule for further professional training• Heavily content oriented curriculum and strong dependence on textbooks• Exam-based culture and pressure from university-entry exams in the last school years• Teacher who currently implement IBSE are lonely fighters that rarely collaborate with other teachers and are not supported by the management EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 12 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  13. 13. Strategies for solving the problems• Changes in the educational system and the organisation of educational activities• Support from senior management• Increase coordination among teachers• Communication between teachers and textbook publishers• Filling the theory-practice gap• Production of ready-made IBSE packages• New Professional Development IBSE support• New ways of assessing science knowledge• Increase acceptance and support by the society EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 13 27-29 October 2011 in Athens (Pallini)
  14. 14. SWOT Analysis Weaknesses Strengths 8% Related to lack of time 16% Learner-related 22% 10% Related to classroom 3% Teacher-related organisation3% Related to the Curriculum Related to collaboration 5%5% Related to teachers role and Related to multidisciplinarity training needs 52% 7% Related to teaching5% materials and textbooks Related to merging theory 16% Related to collaboration and practice 10% Other Related to examinations 16% Country specific 11% Other 11% Country specific 9% Opportunities 8% Threats Teacher-specific Related to collaboration 8% Related to assessment and 33% Related to teacher training 34% 16% examinations 8% Related to textbooks Related to organisation of IBSE activities Related to school3% Related to teaching materials organisation Related to financing 8% Related to financial issues 10% Society-related Other 8% Other 15% 13% 14% EDEN CONFERENCE Country specific 13% Country specific 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 14 Athens (Pallini)
  15. 15. SWOT Analysis: Strengths EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 15 Athens (Pallini)
  16. 16. SWOT Analysis: Weaknesses EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 16 Athens (Pallini)
  17. 17. SWOT Analysis: Opportunities EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 17 Athens (Pallini)
  18. 18. SWOT Analysis: Threats EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 18 Athens (Pallini)
  19. 19. Recommendations• Provide a clear operational model for IBSE teaching• Facilitate opportunities for teachers to develop IBSE in their own practice• Produce and publicise of IBSE teaching materials• Help create assessment tools that connect IBSE activities to formal testing• Support teachers through professional development• Facilitate the creation of a resource and expert network• Develop and support local and international IBSE communities• Facilitate the creation of partnerships between schools and external institutions• Facilitate the inclusion of IBSE in future curriculum• Create a positive image of inquiry-based learning in the society• Persuade the responsible entities to reform the classroom organisation• Stimulate a wide adopting IBSE through organisation of variety of IBSE events and initiatives EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 19 Athens (Pallini)
  20. 20. Next Steps• During 2012 and 2013 PATHWAY will implement a large number of teacher training activities • PATHWAY will create and support a network of educational communities, science centres and museums and research centres• PATHWAY will organise a number of competitions for the design and implementation for inquiry-based activities EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 20 Athens (Pallini)
  21. 21. Thank youwww.futurelearning.orgUniversitat de BarcelonaMario Barajas: mbarajas@ub.eduPATHWAY project:www.bayceer.uni-bayreuth.de/pathway/ EDEN CONFERENCE 2011, 27-29 October 2011 in 21 Athens (Pallini)

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