1. Problem Statement“Housing blocks conceived under socialism,constructed under capitalism leads to conflicts.The realm of the individual invades thecollective. A rise in crime and a surplus of public spaceleads to insecurity, the preference of the cars over public transport leads mono-functionalityto a lack of parking space,and uniformity is challenged by the need fordifferentiation."
2. Situation•A large part of the worlds population lives in high rise pre-fab large scalehousing projects• most dominant region with this type of housing is the former Soviet Union;• up to 90% of housing in Russia is pre-fab
8. Concerns. Levels of collectivity THEORY PRACTICE• Country. State ideology• City ‘Abstract’ urban approach• Living area• Living block = neighborhood optimal level for ﬁnding practical solutions, designing a product• Courtyard User-oriented approach of industrial• Common entrance design and architecture
10. Workshop in Moscow1960ies 1980ies - until nowthe most widespread type in Russia, meant for higher density,human-scale to be found in all big cities, higher challenge
11. Workshop in Moscow1960ies 1980ies - until nowthe most widespread type in Russia, meant for higher density,human-scale to be found in all big cities, higher challenge
12. ResultsThe fact that the Russian city was and still is mass produced is a problem, but also offersan opportunity. Once you develop an approach for one area you can use it for similarareas or buildings in other cities. theory practice proposals product concepts: ideas urban furniture project spin-off ideas fences complementary research ideas new facades for buildings new starting points interior improvement kits potential collaborations for further work blind wall and roof additions .... ...
13. Discussion What are your (pre)- conceptions towards “the collective”?
14. Discussion How does the Collective manifest itself in your culture, society, neighborhood?
15. Discussion What are the gradations of tension/conﬂict between the collective and individual?
16. Exercise #2. NeighbourhoodPlease take either your current or homesituation:• What makes your neighbourhood a neighbourhood or not?• What are the qualities it exhibits that make it a neighbourhood?• Are these qualities good/bad/neutral?• What are other qualities (tangible/intangible) that createneighbourhoods?