UrbanSense Platform: Use cases
Cecília Rocha, Álvaro Costa, J.M. Sousa, Cristina Queirós, A. Carvalho &
LAFEUP, LT-Citta, ...
Future Cities project intends to contribute to …
• Identify critical areas
•
•
•
•

Air pollution
Noise pollution
Urban he...
Future Cities project intends to contribute to …
• Research, using the city of Porto
as a “living lab”
• previously mentio...
UrbanSense Platform characteristics
• Infrastructure
• Environmental sensors network
•
•
•
•

Meteorological (T, RH, P, WS...
UrbanSense Platform
• Will allow to proceed and extend
current lines of research in several
scientific domains
• Highlight...
Porto as “living lab”
Scientific Challenges
Transports & mobility

“Urban” environment

Urban areas & energy efficiency

•...
Porto as “living lab”
Scientific Challenges
Transports & mobility

“Urban” environment

Urban areas & energy efficiency

•...
Porto as “living lab”
Scientific Challenges
Transports & mobility

“Urban” environment

Urban areas & energy efficiency

•...
Porto as “living lab”
Scientific Challenges
Transports & mobility

“Urban” environment

Urban areas & energy efficiency

•...
UrbanSense Platform: Use Cases

Some anticipated challenges
10
Ex: challenge 1

Changes in traffic schemes or traffic movements
(volume, speed, pavement, …)

Changes in environmental no...
Ex: challenge 2
How do people access those activities?

Transports

Public Transportation? Private vehicles?
Are there par...
Ex: challenge 3
Is it possible to deviate the traffic? Is it possible to impose a
modal switch for a less pollutant form o...
Ex: challenge 4

Transports

“Urban”
environment

Are there any changes in the traffic scheme?
New pedestrian areas? New p...
Ex: challenge 5

Does new roads influence the micro-climate conditions?
How should this issue be addressed when planning a...
PORTO – Living Lab for Future Cities

www.futurecities.up.pt
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Workshop on Large-scale Sensing For Future Cities'13 / Cecília Rocha: "UrbanSense Platform: Use cases"

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Workshop on Large-scale Sensing For Future Cities'13 / Cecília Rocha: "UrbanSense Platform: Use cases"

  1. 1. UrbanSense Platform: Use cases Cecília Rocha, Álvaro Costa, J.M. Sousa, Cristina Queirós, A. Carvalho & LAFEUP, LT-Citta, LFC-CEC, FPCEUP 1
  2. 2. Future Cities project intends to contribute to … • Identify critical areas • • • • Air pollution Noise pollution Urban heat islands … • Real-time monitoring • • • • Events Atmospheric conditions Pollution levels Automatic detection of abnormal situations • Persons • Vehicles • Excessive pollution levels • Evaluate the impact of urban projects or interventions • Ex-ante evaluation • Post-evaluation procedure • As example: • Changes in traffic and related alterations regarding noise and air pollution levels; and consequent response from the public • Changes due to urban interventions in public spaces, regarding urban heat island effect • Analysis of the impact derived from municipal policies regarding noise from places from entertainment 2
  3. 3. Future Cities project intends to contribute to … • Research, using the city of Porto as a “living lab” • previously mentioned… • Wireless communication • Patterns recognition and data analysis • Pointed out henceforward… • • • • Transports Environment Urban areas & energy efficiency Urban planning. UrbanSense Platform Is a network of sensors that, apart from the previously mentioned technological objectives, was designed to be the basic infrastructure of data collection intended This sensors’ network will allow to get relevant information for the research domains in which this team intends to develop its knowledge. 3
  4. 4. UrbanSense Platform characteristics • Infrastructure • Environmental sensors network • • • • Meteorological (T, RH, P, WS, WD) Noise Air pollution Video cameras (person and vehicle counting) • Technology • Wireless (real time data) • Local processing capability • Position/location • 25 static units in critical locations • 50 mobile units aboard STCP buses Equipment M1 Units M 2 Est 1 Est 2 Sensors S01-Temperature S02-Relative humidity (hygrometer) S03-Precipitação (pluviometer) S04-Wind speed (anemometer) S05-wind direction (wind-vane) S06-Luminosity (LDR) S07-Noise (microphone) S08-Solar radiation (Pyranometer) S09-Particule matter (PM10) S10-Carbon Monoxide (CO) S11-Carbon Dioxide (CO2) S12-Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) S13-Ozone (O3) S14-Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) S15-Video camera Number of units               25      25        15 4                10
  5. 5. UrbanSense Platform • Will allow to proceed and extend current lines of research in several scientific domains • Highlights the importance of multidisciplinary research and… a multidisciplinary team • Will allow better knowledge of “real” urban conditions, considering the parameters to be monitored Using the city of Porto as a “living lab” … Scientific Challenges Transports & mobility Public transports Pedestrian movements Environment Noise Air pollution Municipal strategies Urban areas & energy efficiency Urban interventions in public spaces Urban climate and (sustainable) buildings 5
  6. 6. Porto as “living lab” Scientific Challenges Transports & mobility “Urban” environment Urban areas & energy efficiency • Public transports • Pedestrian movements • Noise & Air pollution • Municipal strategies • Urban interventions in public spaces • Urban climate and (sustainable) buildings Transports & mobility • Public transportation network • Test some indicators to assess the quality of the network • Analyse the quality of the network • Public transportation network and Drivers behaviour • Analyse the events and/or conditions that potentiate stress along the network • Analyse the influence of stress effect on driving patterns along the network • Pedestrian movements • Analyse patterns and tendencies • Analyse the cross influence of factors regarding the motivation to walk • Analyse pedestrian movements and perceptions as users of the city 6
  7. 7. Porto as “living lab” Scientific Challenges Transports & mobility “Urban” environment Urban areas & energy efficiency • Public transports • Pedestrian movements • Noise & Air pollution • Municipal strategies • Urban interventions in public spaces • Urban climate and (sustainable) buildings “Urban” Environment • Noise and Air pollution • Monitor the quality of the environment • Test some indicators for the quality of the environment gathering those pollutants • Test the accuracy of models • Test the possibility of using several forms of monitoring and estimate the referring errors • Analyse the influence of urban interventions on the propagation of pollutants • Noise annoyance and quality of life • Analyse the perception of discomfort by the users (perceptions of quality of life) • Analyse the perception of discomfort on the part of neighbours of noisy activities (for example, bars and clubs or discos or even large social and cultural events) 7
  8. 8. Porto as “living lab” Scientific Challenges Transports & mobility “Urban” environment Urban areas & energy efficiency • Public transports • Pedestrian movements • Noise & Air pollution • Municipal strategies • Urban interventions in public spaces • Urban climate and (sustainable) buildings Urban areas & Energy efficiency • Urban interventions in public spaces • Characterize the urban micro-climate conditions, particularly, in public spaces • Monitor the use of public spaces before and after urban interventions (when possible) • Investigate the different patterns of use of public spaces • Some indicators for the quality of the urban environment regarding presence or absence of green areas, climatic conditions, characteristics of the materials • Monitor the effects of interventions in urban areas in terms of hygrothermal comfort and public appreciation • Monitor the use of the public space considering the quality of the urban environment and it’s impact on pedestrians (e.g. fear of crime perceptions elicited by graffiti and “broken windows” theory) 8
  9. 9. Porto as “living lab” Scientific Challenges Transports & mobility “Urban” environment Urban areas & energy efficiency • Public transports • Pedestrian movements • Noise & Air pollution • Municipal strategies • Urban interventions in public spaces • Urban climate and (sustainable) buildings Urban areas & Energy efficiency • Urban climate and (sustainable) buildings • Analyse the influence of urban form on wind propagation and sun exposure • Characterize the urban micro-climate conditions • Test the accuracy of urban climatology and bioclimatic design models • Analyse the relevance of using more realistic data in simulations of the thermal behavior of buildings in urban areas, in terms of energy efficiency • Evaluate the significance of having more realistic data for an adequate design and choice of solutions regarding energy efficiency, not only in buildings but also in public spaces 9
  10. 10. UrbanSense Platform: Use Cases Some anticipated challenges 10
  11. 11. Ex: challenge 1 Changes in traffic schemes or traffic movements (volume, speed, pavement, …) Changes in environmental noise & air pollutants concentration… …in a given area Transports “Urban” environment But, what happens elsewhere? How does urban form interfere with air pollutants dispersion? And with noise propagation? Urban areas & energy efficiency How does it interfere with transportation policies? 11
  12. 12. Ex: challenge 2 How do people access those activities? Transports Public Transportation? Private vehicles? Are there parking facilities nearby? “Urban” environment Municipal policies regarding noise from permanent activities (the problem arises from the activity or from the gathering outdoors?) Urban areas & energy efficiency How can spatial planning contribute or prevent annoyance? Are activities properly located, in terms of use conflict? … in terms of public transportation? 12
  13. 13. Ex: challenge 3 Is it possible to deviate the traffic? Is it possible to impose a modal switch for a less pollutant form of transportation? Is it possible to reduce the number of vehicles in circulation, by reducing the needs of transportation? Transports Air pollutants monitoring and meteorological conditions monitoring O3, PM10, … N.º persons, N.º vehicles, speed, T, RH, Wspeed, Wdirection, … Identify areas with “problems” and program interventions New conditions for public spaces (ex.: pedestrian zones, green areas) “Urban” environment Urban areas & energy efficiency 13
  14. 14. Ex: challenge 4 Transports “Urban” environment Are there any changes in the traffic scheme? New pedestrian areas? New public transportation routes? Changes in environmental noise & air pollutants concentration… …in a given area But, what happens elsewhere? Urban areas & energy efficiency Urban renewal interventions 14
  15. 15. Ex: challenge 5 Does new roads influence the micro-climate conditions? How should this issue be addressed when planning a new development? Better knowledge of the micro-climate conditions Realistic input values for models Transports “Urban” environment Monitoring of the environmental conditions Need for urban renewal interventions in buildings with more concern in terms of energy efficiency demand for… Urban areas & energy efficiency 15
  16. 16. PORTO – Living Lab for Future Cities www.futurecities.up.pt 16

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