Future Cities Conference´13 / Cristina Queirós - "Future Life and Services: What is actuality living, and how to improve the quality of life in the city"
www. labrp.com Future Life and Services: What is actuality living, and how to improve the quality of life in the city Cristina Queirós1,2, Mariana Kaiseler1,2 & António José Marques1,3 1 Psychosocial Rehabilitation Laboratory (FPCEUP / ESTSPIPP), Porto, Portugal 2 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Porto University, Portugal 3 School of Allied Health Sciences, Porto Polytechnic Institute, Portugal 1
● Before the city of the present, a nostalgic return to the city of the pastwithin a pre-automobile age: re-pedestrianization of streets and banningthe car from the city core (Brill, 1989).
● Loss of public/neighbourhood life, removing citizen from the city.● Different cities: affairs, commerce, pleasure and families (Brill, 1989).
● Spaces in the city (Francis, 1989): public or private spaces; users; thecontrol/appropriation of a public space; space or place (meaning, utility,modification).
● Actual negative characteristics of the city actually: road traffic, garbage, airpollution…
● Actual negative characteristics of the city actually: overcrowd, urbanisolation, crime…
● Which kind of city do we want to live (Censos 2011 – “big” urban areas)?
● How can “human factors” be studied in the city?● Future Cities Project : Porto as a living lab to study citizen’s perceptionsabout spaces and urban plans, fear of crime, stress, healthy living styles.
● The study of citizen’s perceptions about spaces: EnvironmentalPsychology (e.g. Nasar, 1988; Cave, 1998); environmental preferencesand aesthetics; stress, noise, perceptions of danger or care of the space.
● The study of citizen’s perceptions about spaces: rehabilitation ofbuildings on Porto as an example of care.
● The study of citizen’s fear of crime: “broken windows” theory (Wilson &Kelling, 1982), contagious effect of space degradation.
● The study of citizen’s fear of crime: hotspots of crime and criminal careerof the place (Sherman, 1989; London statistics on NIJ 2006),Environmental Criminology (Brantingham & Brantingham, 1981).
The study of citizens’ fear of crime:● Jeffery (1977): Crime Prevention trough Environmental Design (CPTED).● Newman (1996): defensible spaces.
● The study of citizens’ fear of crime (e.g. Virginia city, 2000; PSP Aveiro 2012).
● The study of citizens’ stress during driving: road rage problem.
● The study of stress and occupational stress (burnout): Freudenberger (1974)Maslach (1976, 2011), emotional exhaustion, cynism, reduced professionalaccomplishment, agressivity, suicide.
● The study of stress and occupational stress (burnout): job dissatisfaction, work-family conflict, physical diseases, depression, absenteeism, low productivity.
● Actually, the opposite of burnout: job satisfaction and engagement (Schaufeli &Baker, 2003) as a positive mental state of vigour, dedication to work, absorption(Positive Occupational Health Psychology - Bakker, 2012).
● Present and future to ameliorate the human life in the city using technologies:continuous assessment of stress to prevent burnout among several professions(e.g. heart rate variability, cloud wit longitudinal data of stress), virtual reality totrain rescue professionals to deal with disasters and critical incidents, studyingmovements or helping emotional recognition among persons withschizophrenia or autism (improving communication skills, social inclusion).● The study of drivers’ stress: FEUP projects (J. Barros) with taxi drivers and busdrivers (partnership of FPCEUP); future evaluation with My Driving Droidapplication (A. Aguiar).
● Other stress studies inside of the projects:- VOCE (A. Aguiar, FEUP) – online classification of stress from live speechwith the goal of providing feedback cues to the speaker in real-time toimprove communication skills.- VITAL JACKET (M. Coimbra, FCUP) – real time evaluation of heart rateand stress among fire-fighters.
● Other stress studies (FPCEUP):- SCOPE (M. Kaiseler, 2012 -…) – investigates stress and coping among policeofficers (PSP and PM-Porto) using a longitudinal design and an interdisciplinaryapproach.- PhD of S. Rodrigues (2012 -…) - “Stress & Coping among police Officers,interdisciplinary methods” with ambulatory assessment and electronic diaries.- PhD of A. Leitão da Silva (2008-2012) – longitudinal stress study among officers ofPolícia Municipal do Porto.- Master and PhD thesis (2005-…) about stress/burnout (transversal and quantitativemethods) among police officers, fire-fighters, teachers, nurses… GPS
● (FPCEUP) Continuous assessment ofstress to prevent burnout among severalprofessions (using cloud withlongitudinal data of stress) and virtualreality to train rescue professionals todeal with disasters and critical incidents(PhD S. Quintas and CISM “CriticalIncident Stress Managagement” coursesfrom ICISF – EUA).
● Virtual reality to train rescue professionals to deal with disasters andcritical incidents ADMS: Advanced Disaster Management SimulatorCode Orange Emergency Medical Management Training for Mass Catastrophe
● Emotional recognition of facial expressionamong adult people with schizophrenia orchildren with autism: LifeIsGame Project(FCEUP, V.Orvalho) using real timesynthesis and automatic facial expressionanalysis, and PhD T. Souto (FPCEUP) usingavatars within daily environments.
● Movement analysis in real time among patients with schizophrenia (ESTSP-IPP,A.J. Marques & M.J Trigueiro, 2012).
● PING (Porto Interactive Neuroscience Group): PIC + LabRP, developmentof studies about Virtual Reality and Social Cognition.
● PING: development of studies about Motor Rehabilitation(Move2Improve Project) and fibromyalgia (Improve project submitted jan2013 at FP7 call).
● PING: development of studies about Biofeedback and funcionality.
● Future cities: using technologies developed in Univ. Porto, try to improve thequality of professional and personal life in the city.
● Healthy life style within safe and healthy environments: Porto.