Future Policies and Services –
Electric Mobility and Demand Response
J. A. Peças Lopes (jpl@fe.up.pt)
1. Introduction



2

Source: wikipedia.org



Production of electricity from renewable power sources will
continue grow...
1. Introduction
Deployment of electric mobility only makes sense if renewable
power sources will feed EV batteries
Distrib...
2. The Electric Mobility Paradigm
 Controlled EV charging (and V2G) might be used to “shape” the power
demand, avoiding v...
3. Framework for EV Integration into Power Systems
Data flow between the aggregators and the “flexible EV” – Smart chargin...
4. Policy Implications
The successful implementation of the electric mobility
paradigm will require:



1.
2.

Policies t...
4. Policy Implications
Policies to incentivize the acquisition EV:

1.


These policies should be implemented by the gove...
4. Policy Implications
Policies to incentivize the users adherence to controlled
EV charging schemes and active load manag...
4. Policy Implications
Policies related with the physical implementation of the concepts:

3.

(strongly interrelated with...
4. Policy Implications
Regulatory policies for the activities related with the EV
charging control of flexible loads:

4.
...
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2014 Future Cities Conference / João Peças Lopes "Future Policies and Services – Electric Mobility and Demand Response"

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2014 Future Cities Conference / João Peças Lopes "Future Policies and Services – Electric Mobility and Demand Response"

  1. 1. Future Policies and Services – Electric Mobility and Demand Response J. A. Peças Lopes (jpl@fe.up.pt)
  2. 2. 1. Introduction  2 Source: wikipedia.org  Production of electricity from renewable power sources will continue growing This generation is characterised by a variability characteristic The climatic changes will require a change in the mobility paradigm through a progressive integration of EV in existing fleets Source: wikipedia.org 
  3. 3. 1. Introduction Deployment of electric mobility only makes sense if renewable power sources will feed EV batteries Distributed generation and self generation is gaining importance   The variability of the renewable generation requires flexibility in the power system  load flexibility mainly  3 Impacts from Large Scale Deployment of Electric Vehicles F. J. Soares
  4. 4. 2. The Electric Mobility Paradigm  Controlled EV charging (and V2G) might be used to “shape” the power demand, avoiding very high peak loads and energy losses  EV storage capability might be used to avoid wasting “clean” energy (wind/PV) in systems with high renewables integration During the periods when renewable power available is higher than the consumption  Isolated networks might improve their robustness and safely accommodate a larger quantity of intermittent renewable energy sources If EV batteries are efficiently exploited as storage devices and used to mitigate frequency oscillations 4
  5. 5. 3. Framework for EV Integration into Power Systems Data flow between the aggregators and the “flexible EV” – Smart charging adherents - and other flexible loads (thermal loads)  Intra-day Markets Bids for selling the excess of energy or for buying extra energy. Aggregator Broadcast of information related with billing, tariffs and set-points related with charging rates and provision of ancillary services. Smart Meter µG EV is plugged-in and its owner defines the time of disconnection and the required battery SOC. µG Storage EV Charger 5 EV Moment of connection: bus where the EV is plugged-in, period during which the EV will be connected to the grid, required battery SOC in the end of the charging period and maximum/minimum power rates of the charging point. Each time interval of 15 min: battery SOC.
  6. 6. 4. Policy Implications The successful implementation of the electric mobility paradigm will require:  1. 2. Policies to incentivize the users adherence to controlled EV charging schemes 3. Policies related with the physical implementation of the concepts 4. 6 Policies to incentivize the acquisition EV Regulation policies for the activities related with the EV charging
  7. 7. 4. Policy Implications Policies to incentivize the acquisition EV: 1.  These policies should be implemented by the governments. Some possible examples:   Direct incentives for buying EV (difficult to adopt in the present situation)  Reduction of the “vehicle tax” for EV owners  Free parking facilities for EV in city centers  Allow the EV access to areas restricted to conventional vehicles  7 Tax reduction in the acquisition of an EV Allow EV to drive in “bus only lanes”
  8. 8. 4. Policy Implications Policies to incentivize the users adherence to controlled EV charging schemes and active load management: 2.  These policies should be implemented by aggregators. Some possible examples:   Recompense EV owners and consumers that are willing to provide system services (e.g. voltage and frequency control)  8 Provide energy at lower prices to the EV owners that adhere to smart charging ,V2G, and active load management Provide recompenses to increase the EV owners’ and consumers flexibility
  9. 9. 4. Policy Implications Policies related with the physical implementation of the concepts: 3. (strongly interrelated with the development of the Smart Grid concept)  These policies should be implemented by the entities in charge of regulating the electricity distribution sector. Some possible examples:   Policies related with the EV charging equipment (technical specifications of the private and public charging equipment, users safety and protection, etc.)  Policies related with the implementation of the communication infrastructure used to support the smart metering and the EV charging management activities and active load management  Policies related with the deployment of the equipment required to monitor the networks’ operating conditions (equipment owned by the DSO)  9 Policies related with the smart meters deployment Policies related with the deployment of the equipment required to manage the EV charging (equipment owned by the aggregators and/or by the DSO)
  10. 10. 4. Policy Implications Regulatory policies for the activities related with the EV charging control of flexible loads: 4.  These policies should be implemented by the entities in charge of regulating the electricity distribution sector. Some possible examples:   Policies to regulate the interactions between aggregators and system operators, including the data they need to exchange  Policies to regulate the aggregators/system operators access to the communication infrastructure  10 Data protection policies Policies to regulate the aggregators participation in the electricity markets

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