Ethiopian Economic Association, Ninth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy  July 21-23 rd , 2011, Addis Ababa...
Why pastoral innovation? <ul><li>“  we are responding to natural changes from rain fall pattern to the unfavorable plant s...
1.  Trends influencing pastoralist innovation in Somali Region, Ethiopia  <ul><li>The growth of small towns </li></ul><ul>...
Camel milk trade routes 1 2 3 4
2. Camels in Town-Gode Case <ul><li>Initiation of the innovation-one person start the initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Hundred...
Camels in town...cont’d <ul><li>Production and economic benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>458,760  lactating camels produce  ...
3. Major challenges  <ul><li>Competing land uses near expanding towns  </li></ul><ul><li>Compound ignorance ( Not knowing ...
4. Winners and losers from the innovation <ul><li>Town residents, petty traders, innovative dairy camels owners, women and...
5. The way forward  <ul><li>Documentation of innovations  </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition and support of town pastoralists <...
THANK YOU
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Pastoral Innovation in Somali Region-Town Camels and Milk Villages The Case of Gode Town

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The emerging innovations of pastoralists to deal with longstanding challenges and take advantage of emerging opportunities to participate in national and regional politics and markets.

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Pastoral Innovation in Somali Region-Town Camels and Milk Villages The Case of Gode Town

  1. 1. Ethiopian Economic Association, Ninth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy July 21-23 rd , 2011, Addis Ababa Pastoral Innovation in Somali Region-Town Camels and Milk Villages The Case of Gode Town By: Abdi Abdullahi Hussein, Seid M. Ali and Abdiruhman E. Tahir.
  2. 2. Why pastoral innovation? <ul><li>“ we are responding to natural changes from rain fall pattern to the unfavorable plant species, from social life starting at family to political governance of federalism, and to the borderless movement of technologies, commercial goods and people, and global markets presenting both opportunities and challenges at our door steps ”. Pastoralist elder </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Trends influencing pastoralist innovation in Somali Region, Ethiopia <ul><li>The growth of small towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Returning population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralization of power and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services (health, education, water, transport) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expanding livestock markets </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialization of livestock products-milk trading routes </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigated farming and livestock fodder production </li></ul><ul><li>Camels commercial and food value-a new factor in pastoral livelihood and Ethiopian Economy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Camel milk trade routes 1 2 3 4
  5. 5. 2. Camels in Town-Gode Case <ul><li>Initiation of the innovation-one person start the initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of dairy camels in and around Gode </li></ul><ul><li>Camel husbandry in the new system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private herd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed on natural and grown pasture on irrigation farms. (Special feed-camels soup) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less labour intensive </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Camels in town...cont’d <ul><li>Production and economic benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>458,760 lactating camels produce 608,315,760 liters equals 345,736,680 birr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average family monthly income 1200 birr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linkage between the new and traditional production system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong bondage between the two systems-extended family relation maintained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits of new system-lower work loads, better accesses to markets and easy accesses to social services </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 3. Major challenges <ul><li>Competing land uses near expanding towns </li></ul><ul><li>Compound ignorance ( Not knowing I don’t know) on camels and Pastoral economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of recognition as town residents who depend on camels </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support and incentive </li></ul><ul><li>Young generation knowledge gap </li></ul><ul><li>Long term decreasing in camels milk demand </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4. Winners and losers from the innovation <ul><li>Town residents, petty traders, innovative dairy camels owners, women and poor pastoralists </li></ul><ul><li>Women controls income from milk </li></ul><ul><li>The younger generation and poor pastoralist on the loser side </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of skill for the younger generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk as commercial commodity-from shared commodity to sold commodity </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 5. The way forward <ul><li>Documentation of innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition and support of town pastoralists </li></ul><ul><li>Extension service to pastoral system </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up of fodder production </li></ul><ul><li>Zczc </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalise on surplus milk from pastoral areas- milk taxies </li></ul><ul><li>Land allocation in growing towns for camel diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of technologies </li></ul>
  10. 10. THANK YOU

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