Evidence on graduation in Rwanda

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  • 1. Evidence on Graduation in Practice: Concern Worldwide’s Graduation Programme in Rwanda Ricardo Sabates & Stephen Devereux Paper presented at the conference “Graduation and Social Protection” Kigali, 6 – 8 May 2014
  • 2. Overview  The Concern Worldwide–Rwanda Graduation Programme  The Research  Its Impact  The Next Phase
  • 3. Concern Rwanda’s “Graduation Programme”  Overall aim: Enable sustained exit from extreme poverty of poor households  Launched in May 2011, runs to Dec 2015  Supports extremely poor households with:  Cash transfer & enhanced savings  Skills development  Coaching and mentoring  Seed capital for investment in enterprise development
  • 4. Huye Nyaruguru
  • 5. The Research  Baseline information plus survey at 12 months (to assess immediate impacts).  After cash transfer: surveys at 18 & 31 months (to assess if impacts are sustained).  Two cohorts of beneficiaries & control group (to assess if changes are attributable).  Survey contains information on financial, social and human “key impact indicators”.  Quasi-experimental design: Difference in Differences
  • 6. The Impact 1. Significant reductions in deprivation 2.55 2.49 2.88 4.35 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 Control Beneficiary Baseline 12 Months
  • 7. 2. Increased ownership of livestock  Cows (+)  Goats (+)  Pigs (+)  Chickens (+) 3. Increased ownership of productive assets  Mobile phone (+)  Radios (+)  Registered land (+)  Hoes (universal)  Bicycle (no change)
  • 8. 4. Increased ownership of consumption assets 10 13 10 24 0 5 10 15 20 25 Control Beneficiary Baseline 12 Months Value of assets in USD
  • 9. 5. Increased savings 6. Increased investment in children’s education at secondary school level 7. Increased consumption of meat & vegetables 8. Use of preventative health measures & hygiene practices 9. Improved social cohesion All participants get access to health insurance
  • 10. “Before joining the programme I was despised and looked down on. I was not confident enough to engage with other community members. I always felt embarrassed because I lacked almost everything. Now there is respect for me and my family because of the change they have seen in our lives.” (Widow, programme beneficiary)
  • 11. The Next Phase  Introduction of other components of the programme  Asset transfer for investment in enterprise development  Continued training & coaching in selected enterprises  Do we expect the programme to generate self-reliant livelihoods?
  • 12. Thank you! And thanks to the programme participants, Local Authorities in target areas, implementing/ research partners, and sponsors of this research.