The executive branch


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The executive branch

  1. 1. A Review
  2. 2. 1. What is a “policy?” <ul><li>The stated principles or ideas about a particular issue that guides government actions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2. What are the qualifications to be President? <ul><li>A candidate must be a natural born citizen and must be at least 35 years old. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3. What is the purpose of primary elections? <ul><li>To choose the candidates of each political party. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4. What is the purpose of a nominating convention? <ul><li>To officially nominate or name a party’s candidate for President and Vice-President and to endorse a party platform. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 5. What is a party platform? <ul><li>A declaration of how a party stands on the issues. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 6. When is election day? <ul><li>The first Tuesday in November, except never November 1 st . </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7. Is the president elected directly by the people? <ul><li>No </li></ul>
  9. 9. 8. Who chooses the President? <ul><li>The Electoral College </li></ul>
  10. 10. 9. How many Electors are there? <ul><li>538 </li></ul>
  11. 11. 10. How many electoral votes are needed to be President? <ul><li>270 or more </li></ul>
  12. 12. 11. What determines the number of electoral votes of each state? <ul><li>The population of each state. </li></ul><ul><li>The greater the population, the greater the number of electoral votes. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 12. When you vote for president what are you really voting for? <ul><li>The states electors </li></ul><ul><li>The party that gets the majority of votes in a state gets all of the electors. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 13. If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, how is the president chosen? <ul><li>The House of Representatives chooses from among the top 3 vote getting candidates. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 14. What is the date that the newly elected President takes office? <ul><li>January 20 th . </li></ul>
  16. 16. 15. What is the White House? <ul><li>Where the President lives and works </li></ul><ul><li>The symbol of the Executive Branch. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 16. Name 4 powers of the President <ul><li>Command the armed forces </li></ul><ul><li>Make treaties with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint ambassadors, judges, and other officials </li></ul><ul><li>Meet with ambassadors from other countries. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 17. What powers of Congress balance these 4 powers? <ul><li>The power to declare war </li></ul><ul><li>The power to approve treaties with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>The power to approve appointments of ambassadors, judges, and other officials. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 18. What are the President’s responsibilities to Congress? <ul><li>To inform congress on a regular basis of the state of the union (the country). </li></ul>
  20. 20. 19. What is the State of the Union Address? <ul><li>The address made to congress every January by the president about how the country is doing. In it he outlines what he hope to accomplish and proposes legislation. </li></ul>
  21. 21. 20. Why is the President called the “Chief Executive?” <ul><li>His job is to execute or carry out the laws passed by Congress. </li></ul>
  22. 22. 21. How many departments were there when Washington was president? <ul><li>4 </li></ul>
  23. 23. 22. What is a Cabinet meeting? <ul><li>A meeting of the heads of departments with the president to advise him. </li></ul><ul><li>The department heads are appointed by the president. </li></ul>
  24. 24. 23. How many members of the Cabinet are there today? <ul><li>15 </li></ul>
  25. 25. 24. What is the responsibility of the Department of Defense? <ul><li>Protecting the security of the country </li></ul>
  26. 26. 25. What is the Pentagon? <ul><li>The headquarters for the Department of Defense. </li></ul>
  27. 27. 26. Why is the building called “The Pentagon?” <ul><li>Because of it’s shape. It has 5 sides. It is pentagonal. </li></ul>
  28. 28. 27. What is the responsibility of the State Department? <ul><li>Handling our relations with other countries </li></ul>
  29. 29. 28. What is the responsibility of the Treasury Department? <ul><li>Collecting taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Advising the President about policies that affect the economy. </li></ul>
  30. 30. 29. What is the responsibility of the Department of the Interior? <ul><li>Managing over 500,000,000 acres of Federal land, including all the national parks. </li></ul>
  31. 31. 30. What is the responsibility of the Department of Education? <ul><li>Promoting good education for all students </li></ul>
  32. 32. 31. What is the responsibility of the Department of Transportation? <ul><li>Oversees the Interstate Highway system, as well as air, railroad, and maritime (sea) and other transportation administration. </li></ul>
  33. 33. 32. What is the responsibility of the Department of Homeland Security? <ul><li>To coordinate the nations efforts to fight terrorism. </li></ul>
  34. 34. 33. Why does the power of the executive grow in times of emergency? <ul><li>Because in an emergency it is often necessary to take quick and decisive action. </li></ul>
  35. 35. 34. What does the War Powers Act say? <ul><li>The President cannot send troops overseas without approval of congress and Congress can order the President to remove troops from a foreign country. </li></ul>
  36. 36. 35. How does the Senate exert its power over the Presidency? <ul><li>Rejecting Presidential appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Rejecting Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Impeachment </li></ul>
  37. 37. 36. Why are the President’s Supreme Court nominations so important? <ul><li>Supreme Court appointments are for life. </li></ul><ul><li>They enable the President to influence court decisions for years after he has been in office. </li></ul>
  38. 38. 37. How does the press and the internet limit the power of the President? <ul><li>By constantly analyzing the President’s actions, they influence the opinions of people about the President. </li></ul>