Stress Stress is a term in psychology and biology, first coined in the biological context in the 1930s, which has in more recent decades become commonly used in popular parlance. It refers to the consequence of the failure of an organism – human or animal – to respond appropriately to emotional or physical threats, whether actual or imagined. Workplace stress is the harmful physical and emotional response that occurs when there is a poor match between job demands and the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker.
Causes Pressure from investors, who can quickly withdraw their money from company stocks. The lack of trade and professional unions in the workplace. Inter-company rivalries caused by the efforts of companies to compete globally The willingness of companies to swiftly lay off workers to cope with changing business environments.
CAuses These job stress factors seemed to affect men and women, young and old, pretty equally. Long hours, difficult co-workers, and lack of appreciation are just a few factors that contribute to job stress. Bullying in the workplace can also contribute to stress. Job strain, low decision latitude (fewer chances to make choices), low social support, high psychological demands, effort-reward imbalance (low rewards for high efforts)
effects When people are stressed at work, they may have less patience when not at work, and relationships may suffer; they may have less energy when not at work, and let exercise go by the wayside; they may feel so much stress at work that they experience burnout or depression. When job stress turns chronic, it can really threaten our physical and emotional health.
Effects of Job Stress Feel cranky and unable to deal with even small problems. Feel frustrated, lose your temper more often, and yell at others for no reason. Feel jumpy or tired all the time. Find it hard to focus on tasks. Worry too much about small things. Feel that you are missing out on things because you can't act quickly. Imagine that bad things are happening or about to happen.
Prevention A combination of organizational change and stress management is often the most useful approach for preventing stress at work Ensure that the workload is in line with workers' capabilities and resources. Design jobs to provide meaning, stimulation, and opportunities for workers to use their skills. Clearly define workers' roles and responsibilities. Give workers opportunities to participate in decisions and actions affecting their jobs. Improve communications-reduce uncertainty about career development and future employment prospects. Provide opportunities for social interaction among workers.
How do you cope with stress? Positive ways to cope. Listen to music Go shopping with a friend Watch television, go to a movie Read a newspaper, magazine, or book Sit alone in the peaceful outdoors Write prose or poetry Attend an athletic event, play, lecture, symphony Go for a walk or drive Exercise (swim, bike, jog) Get deeply involved in some other activity Play with a pet