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El sistema de innovación en Suiza desde la perspectiva pública
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El sistema de innovación en Suiza desde la perspectiva pública

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Ingrid Kissling-Näf, Former head resource efficiency EBP

Ingrid Kissling-Näf, Former head resource efficiency EBP

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  • 1. Swiss Innovation System from a PublicPerspective
  • 2. Content1. High-Tech Location and rankings2. Ecosystem: Enablers, firm activities and outputs3. Enablers4. Firm activities5. Outputs (to measure innovation)6. Lessons to be learnedDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 3. Switzerland as High-Tech LocationR&D and innovation is a matter of multinational companies together with afew highly international SME and a good start-up sector Finan- Engine cial Swatch ering Services Phar- ICT ma Med- Food tech Clean- tech Watches Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 4. Switzerland as High-Tech Location Swatch ICT Clean- tech Watches Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 5. Swiss Innovation System - Recent Performance Rankings No.1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 4 European Innovation Scoreboard 2011 (EIS) WEF World Competitive- ness Index 2012 IMD World Competitive- ness Ranking 2012 Hongkong SingapurDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 6. Ecosystem components for innovation Political Framework Political Framework Frame conditions, research and innovation policy etc. Enabler/Supplier Human resources, finance and support Enabler and Firm Outputs supplier activity Firm activity Throughputs, Linkages and entrepreneurship, firm investment OUTPUTS Product and process innovation , hightech exports, patents Processes in innovation Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 7. Innovation performance EIS for country groupsEIS 2011 Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 8. Ranking Innovation Scoreboard EU 2011 EIS 2011Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 9. Global Competitiveness Index forSwitzerland/Chile WEF 2011 Ingrid Kissling - Santiago Dr. oec. HSG
  • 10. Political Framework Stability of the political system and federalism Infrastructure system on a high level Favorable tax system and flexible labour market Econcomic structure with 99.6% SME Robust education, research and innovation policy (four- year-science, education and innovation message 2012- 2015) Land-locked country with a small marketDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 11. Size of Swiss companies Size Swiss No. of Number % Companies Employees % SMEs (≤ 249) 311’707 99.6 61.5 Micro Firms 272‘346 87.0 24.9 (≤ 9) Small Firms 33’183 10.6 21.8 (10 - 49) Medium Firms 6178 2.0 20.0 (50 - 249) Large (≥ 250) 1‘154 0.4 33.4 Total 312’861 100 100 Swiss Statistic, 2010Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 12. Main actors Federal CouncilCONFEDERATION Federal Departement of Other Economic Affairs, Departements 6 Federal /Re- ETH Board Education and Research search Institute of Technology (ETHZ/EPFL etc.) Swiss Innovation Promotion Swiss National Science Agency CTI Foundation SNF State Secretariat for State Secretariat Swiss Science and Education, Research for Economic Technology Council and Innovation Affairs SWTR Federal Research Institutes, and Universities InnovationConfede- Swiss University Conference SUK/CUS Rectors Conference of the Swiss Universities CRUSration and Federal Commission of the Universities of Applied sciences EFHKcantons Rectors’ Conference of the Universities of Applied Sciences KFHCANTONS Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 13. Key Components of Research and InnovationPolicyOrientation of policy Provide favourable framework conditions to firms Main priority is basic research Bottom-up approachGovernance Key decision making body: Departement of Economic Affairs, Education and Research Key implementing bodies: Swiss National Science Foundation (basic research) and Swiss Innovation Promotion Agency (applied research) Public research system: Swiss Federal Institutes concentrate on top-level fundamental research, university of applied sciences focus on collaboration with industryDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 14. Key Components of Research and InnovationPolicy Structural funding for Swiss Federal Institutes, cantonal universities and universities of applied universities Competitive funding for R&D projects in academia, networks of excellence and centres of competences as well as national research programmes provided by SNF Knowledge and technology transfer and public-private partnership by  CTI Funding for joint projects between universities and private companies (public funding only allocated to the public actors)  University technology transfer offices  Few funds for platforms and networks  Absence of direct support for companies in R&D innovationDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 15. R&D Expenditure as a % of GDP EIS 2011Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 16. R&D: sources of finance in Switzerland Total: CHF 16.3 billionsTitel der Präsentation, Ort, dd. Monat 2011 (Ändern über: Einfügen / Kopf- und Fußzeilen) 16
  • 17. R&D: sources of finance in Switzerland Total: CHF 3,3 billionsTitel der Präsentation, Ort, dd. Monat 2011 (Ändern über: Einfügen / Kopf- und Fußzeilen) 17
  • 18. Public Spending 2008-2011Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 19. Public Spending 2008-2011 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 Cantons ConfederationDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 20. Instruments of CTI Support for Innovation (CHF) • Financing (seed money) • Know-How Industry • Network Basic research CTI Invest CTI Projects CTI Start-up CTI Entrepreneurship CTI WTT - 10 -3 0 + 3 (years)Titel der Präsentation, Ort, dd. Monat 2011 (Ändern über: Einfügen / Kopf- und Fußzeilen) 20
  • 21. CTI adresses the four challenges of innovation Public money CTI Projects CTI Entrepreneurship CTI Start-up CTI WTT Get the technology Pull in relevant Develop a sound Supports right business knowledge and sustainable platforms (Grants for aR&D) (Education & Training) business & (Coaching) networks Private money Access to Private Association SME financing Investors (Financing founded by Investors R&D for start-ups) in 2003
  • 22. CTI Project Set-up CTI One or more CHF universities One or more (ETH domain, companies/start-ups Uni, UAS) Competence in science Entrepreneurial and research 50% R&D project 50% competence infrastructure Market entry Market impactDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 23. Flisom: Flexible solar modulesPromotion of innovation- by CTI projects- by coaching of start-up18 January 2013New 20.4% cell efficiencyworld record.Funds for 5 MW flexible CIGS production plant raisedEMPAs Laboratory for Thin FilmsDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 24. EIS assessment SwitzerlandDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 25. EnablerDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 26. Firm activity 68% of R&D funded by private companiesDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 27. Output: Publications per 1000 InhabitantsDr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 28. Output: SMEs introducing product andprocess innovationEIS 2011, 91Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 29. What have Innovation leaders in common?- Key role of business activity and public-private collaboration- Perform very well in business R&D expenditures- Higher than the average scores in public-private co- publications- Innovators excellent in the commercialisation of technological knowledge (license and patents)- Balanced national research and innovation system Dr. oec. HSG Ingrid Kissling - Santiago
  • 30. Swiss Innovation System from a PublicPerspective