Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Common Defects
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Common Defects

873

Published on

Home inspection common defects / issues & how they are documented

Home inspection common defects / issues & how they are documented

Published in: Real Estate
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
873
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
76
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. F u l l C i r c l e H o m e Top 10 Most Common Home I n s p Defects e c t i o n s Full Circle Home Inspection
  • 2. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c Here are examples of the top ten most common l e H defects found during home inspections. While o m common. Most of these defects can be easily, e I and inexpensively, fixed. n s p If left unattended to, these conditions can only get e c t worse and lead to much more expensive repairs, i o n and in some cases, structural failure or fire. s Copyright 2005 National Association of 2 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 3. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c 1. Foundation: Drainage l e H The house’s foundation should not be covered and o m be visible for at least 6” for brick walls and at e I n least 8” for siding and stucco walls. s p e c t i o Gutter downspouts should lead away from the n s foundation at least 6 feet, 10 feet is better. Covering the foundation can lead to water infiltration, insect intrusion, rot, mold and structural failure. Copyright 2005 National Association of 3 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 4. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 4 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 5. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 5 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 6. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H True Story: o m e Brand New I n 4,400 SF s p House e c t With A BIG i o n Hidden s Problem Copyright 2005 National Association of 6 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 7. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H Nice brick o planter at the m e front covers the I n foundations s p weep wicks e c with 3” of soil. t i o n The result? s Copyright 2005 National Association of 7 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 8. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Rotted Rim Joist and Sill Plate in 4 Months! $36,000 fix! Copyright 2005 National Association of 8 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 9. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H Result – If o m Not Fixed. e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 9 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 10. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c 2. Electrical Defects l e A house’s electrical system can cause the most H o dangerous problems if it is not properly and m e professionally installed and maintained. I n s p e Always have any electrical work done by a licensed c t i o and insured electrical contractor. n s Electricians in Illinois are not licensed by the state. Some are ‘licensed’ by a municipality, requiring only minimum liability insurance. Copyright 2005 National Association of 10 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 11. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Location, Inaccessible c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 11 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 12. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Owner Repairs c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 12 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 13. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Double Tapping c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 13 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 14. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Double Tapping Main c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 14 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 15. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Non-Professional / Homeowner Wiring c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 15 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 16. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical – Animal Problems c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 16 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 17. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof c l e Roofing problems are common, and the most H o easily dealt with. Make sure that all m e roofing work is done professionally and I n properly. s p e c t i o Roofers in Illinois are required to be state n s licensed and insured, but most are not. Contractor E & O insurance guarantees the quality of the work. Copyright 2005 National Association of 17 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 18. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Drainage c l e H New House o m Builder Saved e I $20.00. n s p Buyer Lost e c Roof in 2 t i o Years! n s All upper downspouts must drain to lower gutters. Copyright 2005 National Association of 18 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 19. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Drainage c l e H o 12,000 SF m House. e I n Downspout s p draining e c t directly onto i o n cedar shake s roof. Note the shake curling. Copyright 2005 National Association of 19 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 20. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Leaks c l e H Quick Fix for Leaky o Roof m e I Owner tries quick n s repair with p e elaborate siphon c t i system. o n s Wound up ruining the bedroom ceiling because the bucket filled and broke through. Copyright 2005 National Association of 20 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 21. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Deck Rot Due To Moisture c l e H Lower gable attic, roof o m decking old, but e serviceable I n s p e c t i o n s Upper gable attic, roof decking rotted and soft. Upper attic had un-vented bathroom exhaust fan. Copyright 2005 National Association of 21 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 22. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating c l e H o m Heating systems are most commonly e plagued by the lack of the proper amount I n s of combustion air. Make sure that the p e furnace has an adequate source of c t i combustion air. The rule is 10 cubic feet o n s of air for each cubic foot of gas burned. Without exterior venting, a 100,000 BTU furnace requires a room 25 X 25 X 8 at a minimum! Copyright 2005 National Association of 22 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 23. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 23 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 24. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o Yellowing flame m means carbon e I monoxide is n s being produced. p e c t Beware of i o n furnaces s installed in closets that do not have an exterior air intake vent flue. Copyright 2005 National Association of 24 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 25. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o Failed heat m exchanger e I caused by n s insufficient p e combustion c t i air. o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 25 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 26. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o Brand new m high efficiency e I furnace. n s p Improperly e c t installed. i o n s Note missing combustion air vent on left. Copyright 2005 National Association of 26 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 27. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Improper Maintenance and Repair c l e H o m Always have all house repair done by e professional, licensed and insured I n s contractors. p e c t i o Make sure that you are fully informed when n s you make any do-it-yourself repairs Most times, money you think that you are saving, up front, is eaten up later. Copyright 2005 National Association of 27 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 28. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Improper Maintenance – Owner Repair c l e H o Leaky sink m drain? e I n What to do? s p e The Old c t i Diaper Trick. o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 28 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 29. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Improper Maintenance – Bad Plumbing c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 29 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 30. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Non-Professional Repairs c l e H No o m grounding. e I n Wires not s p enclosed, e c not t i o waterproof. n s Sink electrified! Copyright 2005 National Association of 30 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 31. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. HVAC –Owner “Innovations” c l e H New and o m “improved”, e supercharged I n s water heater. p e c The only smart t i o thing about this n s setup is the fire extinguisher. Copyright 2005 National Association of 31 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 32. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H o m Structural damage is probably the most e expensive type of damage to repair. If not I n s done properly, your house can collapse. p e c t i o Structural problems, though rare, are usually n s very expensive to repair. Copyright 2005 National Association of 32 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 33. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Floor joist cut o m to allow for e heating duct. I n s Structural p e integrity of the c t floor in i o n danger. s Copyright 2005 National Association of 33 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 34. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Welding torch o m hole cut in e steel beam in I n garage to s p facilitate the e c t garage door i o n opener. s Copyright 2005 National Association of 34 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 35. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H o 1875 m e Apartment I building. n s p e Central c t foundation at i o n the middle is s failing. Copyright 2005 National Association of 35 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 36. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Old pier with o m washed e away footing I n s and CMU p e blocks set on c t their sides. i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 36 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 37. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Diagonal crack o m with multiple e plane. Uneven I n settling, s p commonly seen e c t in clay soil i o n conditions. s A real structural problem. Copyright 2005 National Association of 37 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 38. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 38 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 39. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 7. Plumbing Problems c l e H o m Plumbing problems are most commonly e caused by inadequate maintenance or I n s owner repairs. p e c t i o Plumbers, in Illinois, are required to be state n s licensed and insured, but many are not. Copyright 2005 National Association of 39 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 40. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 7. Plumbing Problems – Water Heater c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 40 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 41. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 7. Plumbing Problems – Improper Fixture Use c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 41 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 42. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c 8. Water and Air Infiltration l e H o m e Water infiltration is, often, the most easily I n avoided house problem. Remember, to a s p e house, water is the enemy. c t i o n s Water in wood = ROT, regardless of the age of the wood. A brand new 2 x 4 can completely rot in 4 months if its moisture content is greater than 38%. Kiln dried Copyright 2005 National Association of wood has a moistureInspectors Certified Home content < 4%. 42
  • 43. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 8. Water and Air Infiltration c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 43 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 44. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 8. Water and Air Infiltration c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Thermal imaging to display ceiling water infiltration. Copyright 2005 National Association of 44 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 45. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 8. Water and Air Infiltration c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 45 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 46. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H o m Along guarding against water infiltration, e proper ventilation is the best way to make I n s sure that water is kept out. p e c t i o Crawlspaces and attics must be ventilated in n s order to avoid wood rot and mold. Copyright 2005 National Association of 46 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 47. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 47 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 48. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Clothes o m dryer vented e to Attic I n s p 6 month old e c house t i o n Rotten roof s decking Copyright 2005 National Association of 48 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 49. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Bathroom o m Exhaust Fan e Vented to Attic I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 49 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 50. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 50 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 51. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Weird things found in attics and crawlspaces o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 51 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 52. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Weird things found in attics and crawlspaces o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 52 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 53. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H The deadly “Assassin Kitty”! o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 53 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 54. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m Just because your house passed a e governmental code inspection, that is no I n s guarantee that it is free of defects. Code p e inspectors are overworked and building c t i codes are merely minimal requirements. o n s Even brand new houses can have substantial and expensive defects and safety hazards! Copyright 2005 National Association of 54 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 55. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 55 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 56. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 56 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 57. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 57 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 58. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Installation Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Hair dryer installed near bathroom basin, against manufacturer’s instructions. Copyright 2005 National Association of 58 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 59. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Old / Defected Electrical Equipment c l e H Zinsco o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Federal Pacific Equipment Copyright 2005 National Association of 59 Certified Home Inspectors
  • 60. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c l e H o Thank you for your time. m e I n s p Questions? e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 60 Certified Home Inspectors

×