THERE ARE DIFFERENT WAYS TO EXPRESS THE FUTURE...
TAKE A LOOK!GOING TO WILLAffirmatives: Subject + am Affirmatives: Subject + will +/is/are + going to + base verb. base verb.Negatives: Subject + am/is/are Negatives: subject + wont +not + going to + base verb. base verb.Questions: am/is/are + subject Questions: will + subject + base+ going to + base verb. verb. ● Be careful!PRESENT CONTINUOUS The future of can is will be able.Affirmatives: Subject +am/is/are + gerund (ing). The future of there is/are is there will be.Negatives: subject + am/is/arenot + gerund.Questions: am/is/are + subject +gerund.
BE CAREFUL WITH THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE FOLLOWING WORDS:● It will = itll ● Will not = wont ● Want /ˈɪtəl/ /wəʊnt/ /wɒnt/ E.g. Itll rain E.g. I wont leave E.g. I want to live tomorrow. you. you.
BUT THERE ARE ALSO DIFFERENT WAYS TO USE THEM...
BUT, WHATS THE DIFFERENCE? PRESENT CONTINUOUS GOING TO● We use the present continuous ● We use going to for for ARRANGEMENTS INTENTIONS, DECISIONS E.g. Im getting married on E.g. Im going to ask her to marry Saturday, at 12.30 pm. me.● HOWEVER.... Many people use going to and present continuous alternatively. E.g. What are you doing tonight? What are you going to do tonight?
BUT, BE CAREFUL!This is a typical mistake: Moreover...✗ What do you do this evening? I Verbs come and go ARE NOTgo to the cinema. generally used with going to, butInstead, we say: with present continuous:✔What are you doing this ● E.g. Im going shopping.evening? Im going to the cinema. ● Im coming to France.
PREDICTING THE FUTURE...● Its going to rain. ● Im sure Zapatero wont win the election.
BUT WHATS THE DIFFERENCE?● WILL. ● GOING TO We use it to make We use it to make INSTANT predictions in predictions BEFORE the reaction to what another moment of speaking. person says: HOWEVER: Example: Both forms are possible for A- Im going to see the new making predictions: Tarantino film tonight. Im sure Zapatero wont win B -You wont like it. the election.● Will is the most common Im sure Zapatero isnt one when making going to win the election. predictions.
OFFERS● Ill help you. ● Shall I offer you a cup of coffee?
SHALL VS WILL● SHALL ● WILL We use it to make offers or We use it to offer our help invite someone to do to someone. something. We only use it in affirmative BUT we can only use it in sentences, NOT IN questions and with the first QUESTIONS. person singular and plural. Compare: E.g. Shall I help you? Shall I help you? Shall we dance? Vs Will I help you? Is there any difference in meaning?
DECISIONS● I wont have the fish, Ill take the steak. We use the future with will to express our DECISIONS. Other examples: I wont go home, Ill go with you. I wont buy the red skirt, Ill buy the black one.
MAKING PROMISESWe can use will to make promises.What else can you do with promises?