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Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
Fuel right and marine applications
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Fuel right and marine applications

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  • 1. Fuel Right® ApplicationsMarine Diesel FuelHow Fuel Right® prevents the formationof sludge, fuel system fouling and itsaffect on MIC and your marine fuelsystemFuel Right is a registered trademark of Fuel Right (Canada) Limited.Copyright. © All rights reserved.
  • 2. Presentation Objectives1. Illustrate how sludge formsin marine diesel fuel systems2. The role of sludge in theprocess of MIC (microbiallyinfluenced corrosion)3. How to eliminate sludge andprotect systems fromcorrosive elements4. Performance Implications ofcleaner fuel systems
  • 3. Stage 1. AttachmentBacteria exist in fuel, water andtank liningFree floating planktonic bacteriaseek surfaces to attachthemselves toNon-uniform developmentTakes minutes to start forming
  • 4. Stage 2. Biofilm GrowthSessile bacteria are anchored to thesurface of the tank wallExopolymers are excreted by thebacteria to create external anchorsites and to protect them from theenvironment (colonizing)Produce slime – exo poly-saccharides(EPS) to colonize the surface
  • 5. Stage 3. GrowthDevelopment of a complex threedimensional structureInfluenced by its environmentDevelop within hoursThickness of biofilm can rangefrom a very thin layer tocentimetres thickpH can range from slightly toextremely acidic values
  • 6. Stage 4: Biofilm propertiesExtremely resistant to attackwhile in biofilm coloniesBiocides – ineffective withbiofilmsMay kill “millions” of bacteriawith treatment but ineffectivewith biofilms
  • 7. Stage 5. Sloughing PhaseProliferation of the colonies canbe dispersed into the fuel(sludge)These colonies re-attach and seednew sites for growthIf uncontrolled, can seriouslycontaminate a fuel systemFilters, pumps, injectors, fuel linesDevelopment of anodic siteswhich leads to pitting corrosion
  • 8. Stage 6: re-attachmentDispersed clusters re-attach tonew sites expanding the biofilmcontaminationAgitated tanks can accelerate thisprocessNew colonies form and process isrepeated
  • 9. What does biofilm (sludge) look like?
  • 10. Day Tank - Tug
  • 11. What does biofilm (sludge) look like?Marine Fuel Tank Sludge Filter Canister
  • 12. What does sludge (biofilm) look like?Filter Canister Fouled Racor
  • 13. Biofilm can be opaqueFilters appear similarFar left is pluggedSecond is partially pluggedThird is partially pluggedFourth is operating fineEach filter weighs less as you gofrom left to right (biofilmincreases weight of filter)Results of progressive treatmentof Fuel Right over 4 fuel bulktreatments – filters progressivelycleaner1 2 3 4Filters removed from a boiler system
  • 14. MICMicrobial influenced corrosion refers to the influence ofmicroorganisms on the kinetics of the corrosion of metals,caused by microorganisms adhering to the interfaces (usuallycalled “biofilms”). Prerequisites for MIC are the presence ofmicroorganisms. If corrosion is influenced by their activity,further requirements are: (I) an energy source (II) a carbonsource (III) an electron donor (IV) and electron acceptor and(V) water.
  • 15. MIC ProcessRequires key elements1. The existence of bacteriaNaturally present in fuel2. The presence of water / oxygenPresent in fuel - typically delivered by fuel delivery companyCondensation / leaking / openings3. A surface to attach to (biofilm)Tank wallsTank linings (holidays)Contaminants (oxides, salts etc.)
  • 16. Types of Organisms Present in BiofilmVariety of bacteria presentAerobic – such as slime formingbacteriaAnaerobic – produce organic acidsFungi – produce organic acidsSome have the ability tosubstitute oxygen withoxidisable compoundsie: Iron (Fe), Manganese, Sulfur
  • 17. Anodic Sites – Pitting CorrosionpH of “sludge” is acidicpH value varies across biofilmSteel surface sacrifices electrons(becomes sacrificial anode)Accelerated corrosion process(pitting) occurs in localized areasRate is dependent on biofilmcolony
  • 18. MIC ExamplesHeating Oil TankDiesel Underground Storage
  • 19. How to STOP SLUDGE and MIC?Eliminate bacteria?Biocides can kill bacteriaBiofilm (sludge) and biocides?Extremely resistant to attack,biocides are ineffectiveCan not be “washed” from thesurfaceOnly sandblasting to near white metalfinish will rid of existing bacteriaWater/OxygenControl water but source is externalSteelProtective CoatingsCoatings are prone to MIC
  • 20. The ANSWER?FUEL RIGHT® - stand alonetechnologyProprietary formulation of filmingamine technologyNOT a conventional diesel fueladditiveNOT a biocideRelease biofilm from steel surfaceand protect surface with filmingaminesExisting sludge is dissolved byFuel RightProven over 17 years of fieldexperience
  • 21. What are Filming Amines?Form a protective coatingWaterproof barrierInhibit corrosionIsolative (electrical impedence)Penetrate the biofilmImpeding the growth and displaceexisting biofilmsDissolving the sludge back into amicroscopic form to be dispersed safelyinto fuel and burned off.Control deposits in the fuel systemFuel injectorsIntake valvesFuel pumpFilters
  • 22. How do they work?Inhibiting the ProcessFuel Right filming amines replacethe conditioning filmSludge is dissolvedMicroscopic particles are safelyreleased back into fuelFilming AmineWater proofCorrosion proof
  • 23. Fuel Right Animation
  • 24. Exo Poly-Saccharide “Glue”Dissolved by Fuel Right“melting ice”Becomes part of fuelHarmlessly burned offDark microscopic particlesreleased into fuel
  • 25. “Dark” Microscopic ParticlesDegraded fuelResult of bacteria converting it tofoodNot from instabilityReleased into fuelSub-microscopicFuel Right prevents them fromsticking to and fouling surfacesHarmlessly burned off as fuel
  • 26. Protected SystemFuel Right coats all surfacesAlkaline pHHelps to neutralize acidiccomponents (stabilizing)HydroperoxidesPrevents further formation ofbiofilms
  • 27. Before TreatmentWater presentDiesel FuelBiofilm able to formSludge growthAcidic pH
  • 28. After TreatmentFuel Right treatmentFilming amines coat jarBiofilm unable to formExisting sludge dissolvesWater remains
  • 29. Fuel Right and Fuel FiltersClean Fuel = less strain on fuelfilterFilming amines also coat filtercartridge and all other fuelsystem surfaces (fuel lines,pumps etc.)Extend filter life 2-3xEliminate filter plugging due tosludge
  • 30. Fuel Right Results!
  • 31. Protects Nozzle/Injectors7 year corrosion test
  • 32. Fuel Right & Your EngineCoats complete fuel systemProtects injectors against foulingEnsures optimal atomizationOptimal ignitionImpacts fuel economyKeeping system clean ensuresoptimal fuel performanceFilming amines have a naturaldetergency affect
  • 33. ImplicationsHigher tier engines have stricttolerancesFuel quality is critical – especially inemergency supply situations wherefuel is stored long-termFuel additives modify fuelproperties (lubricity, cold flow pourpoint, cetane boost, anti-waxing &gelling) but do not “clean” thesystemFilming amine technology protectsthe system from biofilm attackSmaller micron filters are moreprone to biofilm cloggingFuel Right filming amines dissolvethe biofilm – clean fuelOverall better fuel systemperformance
  • 34. Fuel Right vs Fuel AdditivesConventional Diesel FuelAdditivesBiocides Filming Amine TechnologyMore than 2000 additiveson the marketHighly controlled bygovernment agenciesFUEL RIGHTINNOVATIONToxic ingredients Extremely toxic Irritant onlyVaried resultsNot suitable for marineapplicationsNot overly effective withhighly developed biofilm(sludge) issuesExtremely effectivemethod to dissolve andprevent further formationof biofilm (sludge)High dose rates Moderate dose rates Low dose rates(1:15,000, 1:30,000)Moderately expensive Very expensive Economical
  • 35. Ingredients (May Contain)Conventional Diesel FuelAdditivesBiocides Filming Amine TechnologyTrimethyl benzene 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-onePetroleum distillates(<10%)Hydrocarbon naphtha 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-oneNeutralizing aminesNaphthalene Magnesium chloride Filming aminesAliphatic naphta Magnesium nitrateMethylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonylWater1-Methyl-1,2-EthanediylNitrilonethylidyneXylenePropylbenzene
  • 36. Fuel Right vs Fuel AdditivesConventional Diesel FuelAdditivesBiocides Filming Amine TechnologyToxic (Poison) Very Toxic Irritant to eyes and skinContains volatile organiccompounds (VOC’s)Highly controlled bygovernment agencieshigh flash point(combustible – packinggroup III)May contain marinepollutantsSlowly being forced off themarket through legislativeeffortsEasy to transport viaground transportContains marine pollutants
  • 37. How do we Compare?
  • 38. How do we Compare?
  • 39. How do we Compare?
  • 40. ReferencesAtlantic Hemlock – Z-DriveCommissioned 19962 x Caterpillar (4004 BHp)Fuel Capacity: 201tAtlantic Beaver – Z-DriveCommissioned 20082 x Caterpillar (2700 Hp each)
  • 41. References• “I was not a believer in products like Fuel Right. I am NOW! Weeks will be re-powering 4tugs starting in June and I am making Fuel Right part of our diet when completed.”– Ed Hermann, Port EngineerWeeks, Marine• “In August 2008, we began treating the Meredith with Fuel Right and about two months laterwe began treating the Christian. It is fair to say that we have observed significant reductionin the quantity of fuel filters used as a result of our consistently treating both vessels.In May 2010, both the Meredith and the Christian were brought in for dry dock. When weinspected the fuel tanks, we were pleasantly surprised to see that the walls and the floorswere remarkably clean by comparison to what we normally see when the fuel tanks areinspected – a real savings to us both in terms of time and materials.”– Charles Crawford, Port EngineerReinauer Transportation Companies
  • 42. References• “One of our tugs in Baltimore had a tank that must have contained a lot of sludge. I knewthat we were holding a good deal of water but we were unable to get anything out of thelower draw. Two weeks after we treated the tank with Fuel Right, we began to see a dribbleand two weeks after that, we discharged 400 gallons of water from the lower draw. I don’tknow how it worked, but this product helped us achieve our objective.”– Thomas Krzycki, Port EngineerMcAllister Towing• We received a bad load of diesel and almost immediately started to see filter plugging in oneof our boats. As a result of this, we were changing fuel filters every 24 hours. Shortly aftertreating with Fuel Right, the problem dissappeared and things were back to normal. Had wenot been introduced to Fuel Right, my next step would have been to dispose of the fuel andclean the tanks. Fuel Right saved me thousands of dollars – Thanks”– Vincent Borello, Shipyard ManagerMoran Towing Company
  • 43. Economic BenefitsOptimal fuel economyClean fuelClean injectorsClean injector pumpsImproved lubricityOptimal engine performanceHorsepowerOperationExtended filter lifeCorrosion protectionFuel tank maintenanceSludge eliminated
  • 44. Questions?Thank You!

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