Nigeria
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Nigeria; country fact, Export information, housing and economy.

Nigeria; country fact, Export information, housing and economy.

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Nigeria Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Nigeria 923,768 sq km (2.5x Japan Area: area) Population : 148 million (2008) Capital City: Abuja (6 million) Population growth 2.2% (2007) rate: 250 (Hausa- Ethnic groups Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, and Kanur) Muslim, Christian, indigenous Religions: African. English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Languages: Yoruba, Fulani, Kanuri, others. Domestic: 230V AC 50Hz, Voltage Industrial: 400V AC 50Hz. 1 http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htm
  • 2. Economy Data US$166 billion (agriculture 33%; industry GDP: 39%; services 28%) (2007) 5.9%. Oil growth: -5.6%. Non-oil growth: Real GDP growth rate 9.6%. (2007) Per capita GDP US$1,149 (2007) Inflation 8.5% (2008) Oil and natural gas (37% of 2006 GDP), tin, Natural resources columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc. Products--cocoa, palm oil, yams, cassava, Agriculture: sorghum, millet, corn, rice, livestock, groundnuts, cotton. Car assembly, textiles, cement, food products, Industry: footwear, metal products, lumber, beer, detergents. Foreign direct 6.2% of GDP (2007): investment (FDI) Official development $11.434 billion (2006) assistance (ODA) Naira (148 Naira = U.S. $1 as of March 26, 2 Currency: 2009).
  • 3. Source of Energy Division of Population for presentation : 148,000,000 40.0% 40.0% 15.0% 5.0% 59.2 mln 59.2 mln 22.2 mln 7.4 mln Poor Middle Class Upper Middle Class Rich 70 60 50 Even Nigeria has abundance of 40 gas majority use Kerosene. Energy is an area of Investment 30 20 10 %0 Poor Middle Class Upper Middle Class 3
  • 4. Housing in Nigeria 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 % Single Room Apartment or Flat Duplex Whole Building Others Poor Middle Class Upper Middle Class Majority of the population reside in single room. Even though there are government project to provide housing. This is not enough. 4 http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nlss/2006/index.html
  • 5. Type of Housing in Nigeria Duplex in Nigeria Apartment or Flat 5
  • 6. Materials Use for House Wall Construction in Nigeria Division of Population for presentation : 148,000,000 40.0% 40.0% 15.0% 5.0% 80 Poor Middle Class Upper Middle Class Rich 60 40 20 0 % Poor Middle Class Upper Middle Class http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nlss/2006/index.html
  • 7. Materials Used for Floor of Housing in Nigeria 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 % Earth or Wood or tile Plank Concrete Dirt or straw Other mud Poort Middle Class Upper Middle Class 7
  • 8. NIGERIA EXPORT DATA US$65.5 Billion=63兆円 (chou en) Product Percentage PARTNER COUNTRIES Fuels and mining 97.0% Japan products Brazil India 9% 5% United Agricultural 12% States products (cocoa, 2.2% 47% rubber, oil, nuts) Manufactures 0.8% European Union 27% Source: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htm 8
  • 9. NIGERIA IMPORT DATA US$29.5 Billion=28兆円 (chou en) PARTNERS COUNTRIES Product Percentage Machinery; chemicals; U.A.E. Others transport equipment; 72.3% 3% 20% manufactured goods European Agricultural products 23.7% Union Korea 44% Fuels and mining 4% 4.0% products China 9% United States 20% Source: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htm 9
  • 10. THE BANNED IMPORTED ITEMS Bicycles Cutlasses Vegetable oil Foot wears Pick Axes Barite Imported meat Spades Tantatile Textile materials Shovels Knives Men’s footwear Wheel barrows Buckets Ties Pork products Cups Soaps Beefs Bins Detergents Goal meat Hangers Furniture Tooth paste Containers Flowers Pencil Ball-point pens Fresh fruits Domestic plastic wears
  • 11. Nigeria Import Tax Amount Condition Description 1~50% FOB value of commodity Custom duty, depends on the product. Eg. Automobile 5%, manufacturing raw material 1% 1% FOB value of commodity Administrative charge 7% Custom duty on commodity Development Surcharge 0.5% Custom duty on commodity Non ECOWAS product 0.02% Custom duty on commodity Stabilization surcharges 5% CIF value of commodity VAT … + 6% +… Total tax 11
  • 12. Top Ten Players in Nigeria Import for 2006 Value US$10,000 Description I 98,429Refrigerator, freezer 3 Dish washing machines; machinery II 99,758 for aerating bottles 2.5 III 104,295 Pumps for liquids; liquid elevators 2 Parts & accessories of computers IV 109,737 1.5 & office machines 1 Self-propelled bulldozer, angle V 112,081 dozer, grader, excavator 0.5 Printing machinery; machines for VI 116,230 0 uses ancillary to printing Machines & mech. applications % I II III IV V VI VII VII 122,317 having individual functions VIII VIII Legend IX X Air, vacuum pumps; hoods VIII 157,025 incorporated in a fan Import Percentage [%] Automatic data processing VIII 262,032 machines; optical reader IX 349,882 Machinery part Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers and X 584,407 other gas turbines 12
  • 13. 35000 Nigeria Salary 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 1981 1992 2000 2007 Year Federal Minimum wage (N) Minimum wage of the Middle class (N) 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1981 1992 2000 2007 Year Federal Minimum wage US$ Minimum wage of the Middle class US$ 13 http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nlss/2006/index.html
  • 14. EXPORT PRODUCTS FROM NIGERIA Agriculture products; Cocoa Beans, Cotton, Dried & Split Ginger. Crude oil 14
  • 15. International/China Cotton Market Top ten cotton producers — 2007 China’s textile trade in cotton mill use (480-pound bales) equivalents, 2006 People`s republic of Exports Imports Net exports 25.3million bales China Million bales India 20.5million bales Yarn 3 4 -2 United States 19.2 million bales Fabric 11 3 8 Pakistan 11.7million bales Clothing, Brazil 7.2 million bales 27 1 26 etc. Uzbekistan 5.5 million bales Total 41 8 32 Turkey 3.2 million bales Greece 1.4 million bales Turkmenistan 1.3 million bales www.ers.usda.gov/publications/CWS/2007/11Nov/CWS07I01/cws07I01.pdf Syria 1.2 million bales http://en.wikipedia.org 15
  • 16. Cotton Import to Japan 600,000 500,000 480-Pounds Bales 400,000 Quantity 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 North America South America Asia, Oceania & Europe 2007 Africa 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 Total import decreasing in Japan 4.5% - Africa part Manufacturing shifted to China Source: http://jcta.co.jp/95_01.html 16
  • 17. Japan Cotton Import Country Year (Import in In 480-Pound Bales) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Benin 821 1,098 - - - - - Burkina Faso 92 - - - 503 826 184 Cameroon 3,995 4,676 4,983 2,658 1,018 387 734 Chad - - 45 - - - - Cote D'Ivoire 462 - 275 - - - - Egypt 18,991 17,853 19,296 18,780 10,970 9,896 6,273 Sudan 2,318 2,306 2,523 3,454 1,826 1,394 1,810 Zimbabwe 18,620 10,863 10,225 14,407 2,574 7,958 9,434 Others 305 2,677 3,072 1,764 467 2,118 9,816 Total 45,604 39,473 40,419 41,063 17,358 22,579 28,251 17 http://jcta.co.jp/95_01.html
  • 18. Cotton Ginning Process 18 Diagram of a modern gin plant - courtesy USDA
  • 19. Cotton Process for export After ginning Final package for export 19