New Generation of IBM Power Systems Delivering value with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 


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New Generation of IBM Power Systems Delivering value with Red Hat Enterprise Linux - Learn about the new IBM Power8 architecture, about Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 for Power Systems and additional information on EnterpriseDB on how to migrate from Oracle to PostgreSQL.


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New Generation of IBM Power Systems Delivering value with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 

  1. 1. New Generation of Power Systems Delivering value with Red Hat Enterprise Linux Filipe Miranda Global Lead for Linux on IBM System z and Power Systems Ann McDermott LinuxTechnical Sales Specialist
  2. 2. Agenda ! ! • Red Hat Inc. Overview ! • Red Hat & IBM Collaboration ! • Introducing … Power8 ! • RHEL on Power Systems ! • RHEL 7 Highlights ! • Strategic Partners
  3. 3. Red Hat Inc Overview
  4. 4. © 2014 IBM Corporation #powersystems 1993 1999 2002 2006 2008 2010 2011 FOUNDED IPO FIRST RELEASE OF ENTERPRISE LINUX JBOSS ACQUIRED RED HAT ENTERPRISE VIRTUALIZATION RELEASED JBOSS EAP 4.3 RELEASED MAKARAACQUIRED GLUSTER ACQUIRED JOINS S&P 500 CLOUD FORMS & OPENSHIFT RELEASED 2012 QUMRANET ACQUIRED 2009 $1 BILLION IN REVENUE OFFICES WORLDWIDE GLUSTER ACQUIRED RED HAT STORAGE RELEASED 80% MORE THAN FORTUNE 500COMPANIES of use PRODUCTS & SOLUTIONS. RED HAT OPEN SOURCE COMPANY $ DOLLAR The FIRST in the WORLD. Source: Red Hat, Inc. BILLION 1 6200+ Employees 0$ Debts 1M + Red Hat certified IT Specialists 90% MORE THAN WORLD Source: Red Hat Inc. $1.5 BILLION DOLLAR * archive/2014/3/red-hat-reports-fourth- quarter-and-fiscal-year-2014-results Fiscal Year 2014 Results: Red Hat is growing 15% Year-over-Year*
  5. 5. Red Hat Open Source Model How we do it
  6. 6. Corporate Contributions to Linux (Kernel 3.3 - 3.10) *The developers who are known to be doing this work on their own, with no financial contribution happening from any company' are not grouped together as 'None' and instead are considered part of the 'long tail,' as are contributors of academic or unknown sponsorship. Red Hat Development Powerhouse Company / Organization *
  7. 7. Red Hat and IBM Collaboration
  8. 8. 13+ years of collaboration between Red Hat and IBM Red Hat Enterprise Linux Certified on all IBM platforms System x Power Systems System z
  9. 9. Red Hat currently part of IBM’s solutions such as: ! • Offered in zCloud • Embedded as “KVM” in: • IBM SmartCloud • zBX (x86 Blades virtualization) • PureFlex Systems • Embedded in Netezza • IBM’s Watson Cluster • Running on Power Systems
  10. 10. •JBoss® Enterprise Application Platform (JBoss EAP) is supported on a variety of market-leading operating systems, Java™Virtual Machines (JVMs), and database combinations. •IBM JDK is supported (2) and ready to run on Red Hat Enterprise Linux for Power Systems •Red Hat provides both production and development support for supported configurations and tested integrations according to your subscription agreement in both physical and virtual environments. JBoss addingValue to your solution Take advantage of Java superior performance (1) on Power Systems (1) and (2)
  11. 11. Red Hat Enterprise Linux • Stable, mature, commercial product • Extensive Q&A, performance testing • Hardware & Software Certifications • 10yr maintenance • Core ABI compatibility guarantee • Major releases ~2-3yr cycle • Minor releases ~8-12 mo cycle Red Hat Development Model The same for all supported architectures, x86_64, PPC64 and s390x
  12. 12. Fedora Linux • Most current, sets direction for RHEL technologies • Community Supported • Released ~6 mo cycles Red Hat Development Model Benefit from Fedora for PPC64! Fedora for Power Systems Project Page ! Become a contributor, talk to package maintainers !
  13. 13. Power8 Architecture Details
  14. 14. Designed for Big Data Superior Cloud Economics Open Innovation Platform Introducing… A NEW GENERATION OF IBM Power Systems
  15. 15. USD1 billion Linux on Power investment 5 Power Systems Linux Centers Power development cloud IBM Watson OpenPOWER Foundation SoftLayer Integration 1000’s of Engineers More than 9,000 patents POWER8: 6 years USD2B R&D investment with hundreds of patents $1 Billion Investment Linux and open source on Power Systems delivering open innovation
  16. 16. The OpenPOWER Foundation Open & Collaborative Innovation Growing Fast System, Software, Services I/O, Storage,Acceleration Boards, Systems Chip, SOC
  17. 17. The OpenPOWER Foundation Google board using Power Chip
  18. 18. POWER7/7+ 45/32 nm POWER8 POWER6/6+ 65/65 nm POWER5/5+ 130/90 nm POWER9 2004 2007 2010 2014 IBM Power Processor Technology Roadmap ! Dual Core ! Enhanced Scaling ! SMT ! Distributed Switch + ! Core Parallelism + ! FP Performance + ! Memory Bandwidth + ! Virtualization ! Dual Core ! High Frequencies ! Virtualization + ! Memory Subsystem + ! Altivec ! Instruction Retry ! Dynamic Energy Mgmt ! SMT + ! Protection Keys ! Eight Cores ! On-Chip eDRAM ! Power-Optimized Cores ! Memory Subsystem ++ ! SMT++ ! Reliability + ! VSM & VSX ! Protection Keys+ ! More Cores ! SMT+++ ! Reliability ++ ! FPGA Support ! Transactional Memory ! PCIe Acceleration ! 200+ systems in test ! Extreme Analytics Optimization ! Extreme Big Data Optimization ! On-chip accelerators
  19. 19. POWER8 The First Processor Designed for Big Data Compute • 12 cores (thread strength optimized) • SMT8, 16-wide execution • 2X internal data flows • Transactional Memory ! Cache • 64KB L1 + 512KB L2 / core • 96MB L3 + up to 128MB L4 / socket • 2X bandwidths ! System Interfaces • 230 GB/s memory bandwidth / socket • Up to 48x Integrated PCI gen 3 / socket • CAPI (over PCI gen 3) • Robust, Large SMP Interconnect • On chip Energy Mgmt,VRM / core IBM 22nm Technology • Silicon-on-Insulator • 15 metal layers • Deep trench eDRAM
  20. 20. Intelligence Moved into Memory • Scheduling logic, caching structures • Energy Mgmt, RAS decision point • Formerly on Processor • Moved to Memory Buffer ! Processor Interface • 9.6 GB/s high speed interface • More robust RAS • “ On-the-fly” lane isolation/repair ! PerformanceValue • End-to-end fastpath and data retry (latency) • Cache latency/bandwidth, partial updates • Cache write scheduling, prefetch, energy POWER8 Memory Buffer Chip Memory Buffer DRAM Chips Scheduler & Management 16MB Memory Cache POWER8 Link DDR Interfaces
  21. 21. POWER8 Memory Organization (Max Config shown) POWER8 DCM Memory Buffer DRAM Chips 16MB128GB 128GB 128GB 128GB 128GB 128GB 128GB 128GB 16MB 16MB 16MB 16MB 16MB 16MB 16MB Up to 1TB / Socket First P8 Systems: • 512 GB /Socket
  22. 22. POWER8 Delivers up toTWICE the performance across key workloads 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 POWER S824 2s/24c/192t IBM POWER8 Oracle Sun X4-2 2s/24c/48t Intel Xeon Ivy Bridge Java - SPECjEnterprise2010 (EjOPS) 2x Performance 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 POWER S824 2s/24c/192t IBM POWER8 Fujitsu RX300 S8 2s/24c/48t Intel Xeon Ivy Bridge ERP – SAP 2-Tier (Users) 2.1x Performance 1)  Results are based on best published results on Xeon E5-2697 v2 from the top 5 Intel system vendors. 2)  SAP results are based on the two-tier SAP SD standard application benchmark running SAP enhancement package 5 for the SAP ERP 6.0 application. Results valid as of April 28, 2014. Source: 3)  SPECjEnterprise2010 results are valid as of 4/22/2014. For more information go to 4)  SPECcpu2006 results are submitted as of 4/22/2014. For more information go to
  23. 23. POWER8 Integrated PCI Gen 3 Native PCIe Gen 3 Support • Direct processor integration • Replaces proprietary GX/Bridge • Low latency • Gen3 x16 bandwidth (32 GB/s) ! Transport Layer for CAPI Protocol • Coherently Attach Devices connect to processor via PCIe • Protocol encapsulated in PCIe POWER7 I/O Bridge GX Bus PCIe G2 PCI Devices PCIe G3 PCI Device POWER8
  24. 24. Coherent Accelerator Processor Interface (CAPI) Overview Advantages of Coherent Attachment Over I/O Attachment • Virtual Addressing & Data Caching (significant latency reduction) • Easier, Natural Programming Model (avoid application restructuring) • Enables Apps Not Possible on I/O (Pointer chasing, shared mem semaphores, …) CAPP PCIe POWER8 Processor FPGA Functionn Function0 Function1 Function2 CAPI IBM Supplied POWER Service Layer Typical I/O Model Flow Flow with a Coherent Model Shared Mem. Notify Accelerator Acceleration Shared Memory Completion DD Call Copy or Pin Source Data MMIO Notify Accelerator Acceleration Poll / Int Completion Copy or Unpin Result Data Ret. From DD Completion
  25. 25. WWW 10Gb Uplink POWER8 Server Flash Array w/ up to 40TB Differentiated NoSQL (POWER8 + CAPI Flash) WWW 500GB Cache Node500GB Cache Node500GB Cache Node500GB Cache Node500GB Cache Node500GB Cache Node Backup Node Load Balancer 10Gb Uplink Today’s NoSQL in memory (x86) Coherent Accelerator Processor Interface (CAPI) Overview Power CAPI-attached Flash model for NoSQL offers dramatic (24:1) density advantage Infrastructure Requirements • Large Distributed (Scale out) • Large Memory per node • Networking Bandwidth Needs • Load Balancing Infrastructure Attributes • 192 threads in 4U Server drawer • 40 TB of memory based Flash per 4U Drawer • Shared Memory & Cache for dynamic tuning • Elimination of I/O and Network Overhead • Cluster solution in a box
  26. 26. Virtualization and Cloud Management Driving value for Big Data & Analytics, Cloud and Mobile applications with Power Systems Software Expanded choice and enhanced value for the industry’s most scalable & flexible virtualization infrastructure for UNIX, Linux and IBM i New * Will announce in May Open Virtualization for scale-out Linux Systems Virtualization without Limits Virtualization Performance Virtualization Center: Increase IT productivity and agility SmartCloud Entry for Power Systems*
  27. 27. Power S822 Power S814 Power S824 Up to 20 POWER8 cores Up to 8 POWER8 cores Up to 24 POWER8 cores Scale-out servers Customers value initial cost of acquisition New Linux on Power8 Systems IBM Power Offering for scale-out Power S812L Power S822L Up to 12 POWER8 cores Linux only Up to 24 POWER8 cores Linux only
  28. 28. Red Hat Enterprise Linux on Power Systems Overview
  29. 29. Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM Power Systems RHEL on PowerLinux and Power8 Linux servers PowerLinux servers 7R1, 7R2, 7R4, S812L, S822L ! • Linux only servers • Ideal for scale out • Optimized for emerging and next generation workloads • More efficient virtualization, superior performance vs x86 • Fewer servers support similar number of workloads and throughput
  30. 30. Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM Power Systems RHEL on POWER IFLs Available on 770, 780 and 795 servers ! Enterprise Power offering to consolidate and/or integrate and consolidate Linux applications with AIX and/or IBM i applications and data in large enterprises • Add Linux workload capacity to a Power Enterprise server via CUoD activation option • Scalable to 32-sockets via 4- core, 32GB memory bundles • Enterprise-class RAS and QoS with Linux economics • Ideal for scale up
  31. 31. • Industry-leading scale and performance with improved economics ! • Streamline application access and accelerate deployment of new applications and services ! • Co-exist applications and data confidently with proven, secure virtualization and high RAS of enterprise-class Power servers ! • Seamlessly add capacity without interruption and accelerate response to changing priorities ! • Consolidate operations, reduce overhead and leverage existing production and disaster recovery infrastructure Power Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL)
 Flexible, affordable, high-performance capacity for Linux applications Integrated Facility for Linux for Power Systems ! Power IFL = 4 cores, 32GB memory and 4 PowerVM EE licenses 4 x CUoD core activations 32 GB CUoD memory activations 4 x PowerVM for PowerLinux license entitlement Scales in increments of 4 cores
  32. 32. IBM PowerLinux servers Will enable open source virtualization with KVM in 2014 Existing Stack Additional New Stack Firmware KVM-Linux Based IBM Mgmt SW Smart Cloud PowerVM Director /VMControl Smart Cloud Cloud Software Sys Mgmt Software OS Hypervisor Firmware
  33. 33. Big Data & Analytics Linux on Power Systems Best Fit Workloads Java and Mobile Cloud
  34. 34. Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM Power Systems Why Java on Power Systems ? • 2-socket Power 7+ 18% better than best Sandy Bridge for non-virtualized Java Workload • 4-socket Power 7+ 39% better than best Westmere for non-virtualized Java workload • 4-socket Power 7+ 36% better than best Sandy Bridge for non-virtualized Java workload 3,837,707 2,811,958 2,760,858 1,877,264 1,584,567 0 400,000 800,000 1,200,000 1,600,000 2,000,000 2,400,000 2,800,000 3,200,000 3,600,000 4,000,000 4-socket POWER7+ 4-socket Sandy Bridge 4-socket Westmere-EX 2-socket POWER7+ 2-socket Sandy Bridge SPECjbb2005
  35. 35. Why Linux on Power for Java & Websphere Application Server ? Fewer servers or cores support same # workloads, clients do more for less at comparable TCA POWER7+ highly optimized for WebSphere and Java • Highly threaded Java apps tuned for 4 threads per core • Java “pre-fetch” tuning leverages 2.5x larger cache • Latest IBM JVM has been highly optimized for POWER7+ Superior performance and virtualized throughput • 36% better Java performance than best Sandy Bridge • 125% greater throughput from same number of VMs New WebSphere Mobile and Web Application Development Solution • Quickly develop, deploy apps for iPhone and Android • Lightweight, fast, flexible & simplified WebSphere Application Server
  36. 36. Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM Power Systems Why Big Data Analytics ? Big Data Workloads are ideal for Power on Linux ! • Exploit Threads • POWER7+ has 4 threads per core • POWER8 has 8 threads per core ! • Require High Throughput • POWER7+ has memory and I/O bandwidth • POWER8 better memory and I/O bandwidth and CAPI ! • Depend on Java Applications • POWER7+ offers highly Optimized JVM • POWER8 offers highly Optimized JVM ! • Perfect Match for Apache Hadoop map/reduce Framework • Exploits massively parallel processing across Linux Cluster
  37. 37. Why Linux on Power Systems for Big Data and Analytics ? Deliver Insight Faster and More Efficiently Perfect match for Apache Hadoop map/reduce Linux clusters • Over 80% faster* to sort 1 terabyte of data than x86 cluster • 4x faster load, 8x faster queries per core for ChinaTelecom • Implemented solution for data mining/text mining/ Web mining/ statistical analysis and social network analysis • MapReduce (Hadoop) on Linux on Power support discovery of precise marketing and development needs • 12 x faster data load per core per second than competitive solution • 10x faster data analysis of records per core per second Watson inspired POWER7+ performance • Massive parallel execution with 4 threads per core vs. Intel’s 2 per core • Extreme memory and I/O bandwidth keeps CPUs busy • Highly optimized JVM for Java based Hadoop workloads Hadoop acceleration with Platform Symphony and GPFS • Efficient, parallel execution of map/reduce tasks with HPC techniques • Push tasks to node vs. polling, more efficient protocol for network transport • Highly optimized parallel filesystem for distributed data across cluster
  38. 38. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Highlights
  39. 39. Red Hat extended from 7 to 10 years standard technical support Current Platform Lifecycle *All dates are approximate and subject to change
  40. 40. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 Released Jun 2014 • RHEL7 Basic Facts ! • What’s changed ? • What can we benefit from RHEL 7 on PPC64? ! • New Enhancements and Expanded Choices
  41. 41. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Basic Facts • Based on Fedora 19 and Kernel 3.10 ! • Supported Architectures: x86_64, IBM Power Systems and System z ! • 64bit! 32-bit libraries will be made available
  42. 42. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 What is new for RHEL 7 on Power Systems ? Application Isolation with Linux Containers Microsoft Windows Interoperability More easy to Install, Deploy and Manage File System Choice Optimal Performance and Security
  43. 43. • The RHEL 7 installation procedure presents a user friendly interface that allows RHEL to be installed a more comprehensive installation process rather than having 13 linear screens • Easy to go back to a main page • Warnings and errors provided to guide the user Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7: Installer
  44. 44. • Meet the new menu.lst : grub.cfg • Should not be directly edited by manually. • Changes are applied with update-grub or when new kernels are installed • To customize Grub2 • /etc/default/grub (default parameters) • /etc/grub.d/ (custom parameters) • Secure boot (UEFI) • Standardize boot loader across x86_64 and PPC64 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7: GRUB2
  45. 45. • Systemd provides aggressive parallelization capabilities ! • Uses socket and D-Bus activation for starting services ! • Offers on-demand starting of daemons, keeps track of processes using Linux cgroups, supports snapshotting and restoring of the system state ! • Implements an elaborate transactional dependency-based service control logic RHEL 5 RHEL 6 RHEL 7 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7: System Initialization
  46. 46. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7: File Systems - Many choices
  47. 47. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7: Linux Containers - Application isolation Application isolation mechanism for light-weight, multi-tenancy environments with a single underlying OS
  48. 48. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7: Windows Interoperability • Out-of-the-box Linux support of direct interoperability with Active Directory • Automatic detection of the domain controller to join (AD/IDM) • Simple, integrated set-up of the authentication configuration
  49. 49. Strategic Partners
  50. 50. High Availability for Red Hat Enterprise Linux for IBM Power Systems
  51. 51. High Availability Fail-over, Clustered FileSystem and Load Balancing • Based on the same software source code solution offered by Red Hat on x86 but enhanced for the IBM Power Systems. ! • Supported by SNA on RHEL 6.2+ and RHEL7 (GA) ! • Technical Support available Globally as a third party add-on directly from the developer - SNA - Standard and Premium 24/7, email and telephone support More Information please contact: David Boyes Sine Nomine Associates +1 703 723 6673
  52. 52. Database Alternative to Oracle
  53. 53. Database alternative to Oracle EnterpriseDB POSTGRES innovation ENTERPRISE reliability 24/7 support Services & training Enterprise-class features & tools Indemnification Product road-map Control Thousands of developers Fast development cycles Low cost No vendor lock-in Advanced features Enabling commercial adoption of Postgres
  54. 54. Database alternative to Oracle Oracle vs EDB TCO on IBM Linux on Power Oracle Enterprise Edition EDB Postgres Plus Advanced Server License Fee Per Core (4 sockets/32 cores) (Power processor) (4 sockets/32 cores) (Power processor) Database $47,500 included in subscription Partitioning $11,500 Included Data Guard $10,000 Included Diagnostics $5,000 Included Total License Fee per Core $74,000 included in subscription Total License Fee per Server (CapEx) $2,368,000 $0 Annual support/subscription cost per core 22% of License Fee $4,945 per socket Annual Support/Maintenance per Server (OpEx) $520,960 $19,780 Total 3 Year License and Support Cost $3,930,880 $59,340 No CAPEX Annual OPEX reduction 96% 3 YR TCO cost savings 98%
  55. 55. Danke Thank you Grazie Obrigado Gracias Filipe Miranda Global Lead for Linux on IBM System z and Power Systems Ann McDermott LinuxTechnical Sales Specialist Megan Halley
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