Stem-Changing Verbs
What is a stem of verb?• The stem of a verb is whatever is left once you  drop the verb ending…        –Hablar  Habl     ...
What is a stem change?•   A spelling change occurs in the stem part of    the verb when you are conjugating.•   There are ...
Where do we stem change?• These spelling changes only occur in 4  conjugations of the verb…        –Yo        –Tú        –...
Let’s Review…•   There are 4 types of spelling changes•   They only happen in the “boot”•   We leave out the Nosotros form...
Pedir -to ask for      (e:i)Verbs like pedir:   repetir   servir
Poder-to be able to, can                           (o:ue)puedo    podemos                       ¿Puedo ir al baño?puedespu...
Dormir-to sleepduermo    dormimos         (o:ue)duermes                     Verbs like dormir & poder:                    ...
Jugar - to play juego     jugamos   a sport or game                         (u:ue)juegas                     This is the o...
Entender: toentiendo    entendemos   understand                            (e:ie)entiendesentiende    entienden
Querer-to want, to                           love                           (e:ie)quiero    queremosquieresquiere     quie...
Preferir – to                             prefer                              (e:ie) prefiero    preferimosprefieres      ...
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Boot verbs

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Boot verbs

  1. 1. Stem-Changing Verbs
  2. 2. What is a stem of verb?• The stem of a verb is whatever is left once you drop the verb ending… –Hablar  Habl –Comer  Com –Escribir  Escrib
  3. 3. What is a stem change?• A spelling change occurs in the stem part of the verb when you are conjugating.• There are 4 types of stem changes… 1. O: UE 2. U: UE 3. E: I 4. E: IE
  4. 4. Where do we stem change?• These spelling changes only occur in 4 conjugations of the verb… –Yo –Tú –él/ella/ud. –Ellos, Ellas, uds. **Notice we leave out Nosotros**• In other words, they happen in the “boot”
  5. 5. Let’s Review…• There are 4 types of spelling changes• They only happen in the “boot”• We leave out the Nosotros form• Boot verbs use regular AR, ER, & IR endings
  6. 6. Pedir -to ask for (e:i)Verbs like pedir: repetir servir
  7. 7. Poder-to be able to, can (o:ue)puedo podemos ¿Puedo ir al baño?puedespuede pueden
  8. 8. Dormir-to sleepduermo dormimos (o:ue)duermes Verbs like dormir & poder: almorzar costar duermen
  9. 9. Jugar - to play juego jugamos a sport or game (u:ue)juegas This is the only u:ue verb in Spanish.juega juegan
  10. 10. Entender: toentiendo entendemos understand (e:ie)entiendesentiende entienden
  11. 11. Querer-to want, to love (e:ie)quiero queremosquieresquiere quieren
  12. 12. Preferir – to prefer (e:ie) prefiero preferimosprefieres Verbs like PREFERIR: prefiere prefieren Empezar pensar

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