SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS and YOUTH HEALTH<br />Presented by Helena & Kelsie<br />18/10/2010<br />1<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recre...
Definitions<br />Youth<br />All men and women aged between 12 – 24 years old.<br />Youth Development Strategy Aotearoa, 20...
Definitions<br />Socio-economic status<br />is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work expe...
Income<br />The health of a population is affected more by the degree of inequality of income distribution than by the lev...
Income - Diet<br />Food security refers to having reliable and sustainable access to affordable foods of high nutritional ...
Income – Diet (Pacific)<br /> A Pacific youth health study for Waitemata DHB found that generally there is an acceptance b...
Education<br />Provide knowledge of information<br />How to budget household expenses<br />Where to get the best buy for o...
Education<br />Level of education improves access to health information- most health information comes in written form, ma...
Gilbert-Kahl Model<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />9<br />
Gilbert-Kahl’s classes<br />Capitalist<br />Upper Middle Class<br />Middle Class<br />Working Class<br />Working Poor<br /...
Definitions<br />Health<br />“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence...
Definitions<br />Health<br />In NZ, it is important to consider the Māori concept of health which has various dimensions<b...
Definitions<br />Health<br />Blaxter(2001) defines health under nine sub-headings which are the following<br /><ul><li>‘No...
Absence of disease/health despite disease
Reserve
A behaviour/’healthy life’
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  1. 1. SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS and YOUTH HEALTH<br />Presented by Helena & Kelsie<br />18/10/2010<br />1<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />
  2. 2. Definitions<br />Youth<br />All men and women aged between 12 – 24 years old.<br />Youth Development Strategy Aotearoa, 2002<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Definitions<br />Socio-economic status<br />is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family’s economic and social position relative to others, based on income, education, and occupation.<br />Wikipedia, 2010 <br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Income<br />The health of a population is affected more by the degree of inequality of income distribution than by the level of wealth per se.<br />Low quality food could lead to lack of nutrition. <br />Lower income families often cut the food budget after paying for fixed costs such as rent<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Income - Diet<br />Food security refers to having reliable and sustainable access to affordable foods of high nutritional value, and is a key determinant of whether or not such foods will be consumed. <br />Pacific households experienced higher rates of food insecurity than other New Zealand households<br />Less than half of households with dependent Pacific children could afford to eat properly all the time, compared to the national average of 78 percent. <br />The University of Auckland, 2010<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Income – Diet (Pacific)<br /> A Pacific youth health study for Waitemata DHB found that generally there is an acceptance by Pacific youth that many will be overweight.<br />Study participants saw this to be because food is an important element of Pacific culture, and the types of food that are eaten are not likely to change and are the primary cause of being overweight <br />Leger, 2005<br />“We do have choices but at home we have to eat what is put in front of us” <br />18 year old Samoan girl<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Education<br />Provide knowledge of information<br />How to budget household expenses<br />Where to get the best buy for one’s money<br />When paying less is a good strategy<br />What foods are nutritious<br />How to keep the children healthy<br />When it’s necessary to visit the doctors or not<br /> People who are well educated tend to have friends who are well educated and are thus better able to help them out with information and support. <br />Ross and Huber, 1985: 323 as cited by Barwick, 1992<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Education<br />Level of education improves access to health information- most health information comes in written form, making it virtually inaccessible to people with limited literacy. Similarly, people with limited literacy cannot discover how to access appropriate health services, and are too embarrassed to seek help.<br />Unhealthy lifestyle practices- people with limited literacy are more likely than others to smoke, take little exercise, have poor nutrition and fail to participate in health screening programmes.<br />Grosse and Aufrey, 1992 as cited by Barwick, 1992<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Gilbert-Kahl Model<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Gilbert-Kahl’s classes<br />Capitalist<br />Upper Middle Class<br />Middle Class<br />Working Class<br />Working Poor<br />Underclass<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Definitions<br />Health<br />“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”<br />World Health Organisation, 2010<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Definitions<br />Health<br />In NZ, it is important to consider the Māori concept of health which has various dimensions<br />Wairua (spiritual)<br />Hinengāro (mental)<br />Whānau (family)<br />Tinana (physical). <br />Māori define health broadly, and recognise the importance of the environment. <br />Department of Health, 1984 as cited by Barwick , 1992<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Definitions<br />Health<br />Blaxter(2001) defines health under nine sub-headings which are the following<br /><ul><li>‘Not-ill’
  14. 14. Absence of disease/health despite disease
  15. 15. Reserve
  16. 16. A behaviour/’healthy life’
  17. 17. Physical fitness
  18. 18. Energy/vitality
  19. 19. Function
  20. 20. Psycho-social well being
  21. 21. Social relationship</li></ul>18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />13<br />
  22. 22. Physical Activity<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />14<br />
  23. 23. Health – It`s YOUR choice<br />Youth made video<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQXj4Pj1M6A<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />15<br />
  24. 24. References<br />Barwick, H. (1992). The impact of economic and social factors on health. Wellington: The Public Health Association of New Zealand.<br />Blaxter, M. (2001) What is health? (pp. 21-27) In Davey, B., Gray, A. and Seale, C. (Eds) Health and disease: A reader. 3rd Edition. Buckingham: Open University Press. <br />Leger N. 2005. Pacific Youth Health Project Report. Unpublished report commissioned by the Clinical Resource Research Centre, Waitemata District Health Board. <br />Ministry of Health. (2008). Pacific Youth Health: A paper for the Pacific Health and Disability Action Plan Review. Wellington: Ministry of Health.<br />Ministry of Youth Affairs. (2002). Youth Development Strategy Aotearoa. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Youth Affairs<br />Socioeconomic status. (2010, September 27). Retrieved September 15, 2010, from Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socioeconomic_status<br />The University of Auckland. (2010, June). A National Survey of Children and Young People's Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviours in New Zealand: 2008/09 - Key Findings. Retrieved September 15, 2010, from New Zealand Ministry of Health: http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/indexmh/national-survey-cyp-physical-activity-dietary-behaviours-08-09-sept2010<br />World Health Organisation. (2010). Definitions. Retrieved September 15, 2010, from World Health Organisation: http://www.who.int/hac/about/definitions/en/<br />18/10/2010<br />YOUTHWORK 251 - Recreation and Youth<br />16<br />

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