A cycle of seasons & feasts celebrated by the Church during a 12 month period.
The seasons & feast days recall & celebrate the mysteries of Christ – His life, death & resurrection; as well as the love, devotion, faithfulness & holiness that surrounded His Mother, Mary, & the other Saints.
Liturgical celebrations are grouped into 3 categories, by order of importance:-
Solemnities: Highest order. Commemorate an event, a person or a belief of the highest significance in salvation history e.g. Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, Christ the King, the Immaculate Conception of Mary.
Feast Days: Commemorate the astonishing actions of God; give him thanks for them; perpetuate their remembrance & teach new generations to conform their conduct to them e.g. Feast of the Holy Family, Baptism of Jesus, Birth of Mary.
Memorials: Give glory to God for martyrs & Saints, whose examples encourage the faithful on their pilgrim journey to the heavenly Father e.g. St. Francis Xavier (Dec 3), St Anthony of Padua (Jun 13)
Pentecost Sunday The Liturgical Year ADVENT LENT Easter Ordinary Time 2 Ordinary Time 1 Christmas Easter Sunday Ash Wed 1 st Sunday of Advent
Period of joyous, devout & expectant anticipation & preparation for both the celebration of Jesus’ birth & his expected second coming.
Period of waiting is marked with Advent Wreath with 4 candles, symbolizing the hopefulness of evergreens, the eternal love of God expressed in the circle without beginning or end, & the candle flames pushing out the darkness to make way for Christ, the Light of the world.