19 Liturgical Year Precepts Of The Church

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  • 2. SHARING
    • What is the “solemnity” that is celebrated to-day?
    • Identify the 3 readings & the Responsorial Psalm in your Bible.
    • Recall & share briefly what the Priest preached in his homily today.
  • 3. The Liturgical Year
    • A cycle of seasons & feasts celebrated by the Church during a 12 month period.
    • The seasons & feast days recall & celebrate the mysteries of Christ – His life, death & resurrection; as well as the love, devotion, faithfulness & holiness that surrounded His Mother, Mary, & the other Saints.
    • Helps us to grow in our spiritual life
  • 4.
    • Liturgical celebrations are grouped into 3 categories, by order of importance:-
    • Solemnities: Highest order. Commemorate an event, a person or a belief of the highest significance in salvation history e.g. Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, Christ the King, the Immaculate Conception of Mary.
    • Feast Days: Commemorate the astonishing actions of God; give him thanks for them; perpetuate their remembrance & teach new generations to conform their conduct to them e.g. Feast of the Holy Family, Baptism of Jesus, Birth of Mary.
    • Memorials: Give glory to God for martyrs & Saints, whose examples encourage the faithful on their pilgrim journey to the heavenly Father e.g. St. Francis Xavier (Dec 3), St Anthony of Padua (Jun 13)
  • 5. Pentecost Sunday The Liturgical Year ADVENT LENT Easter Ordinary Time 2 Ordinary Time 1 Christmas Easter Sunday Ash Wed 1 st Sunday of Advent
  • 6. ADVENT
    • From Latin “adventus” meaning arriving or coming.
    • Period of joyous, devout & expectant anticipation & preparation for both the celebration of Jesus’ birth & his expected second coming.
    • Period of waiting is marked with Advent Wreath with 4 candles, symbolizing the hopefulness of evergreens, the eternal love of God expressed in the circle without beginning or end, & the candle flames pushing out the darkness to make way for Christ, the Light of the world.
    • The Crib reminds us of what we are anticipating.
    • Themes: Joyful expectation, penance & reform, hope.
    • Liturgical colour: Purple (symbolizes penance), third week rose/pink (joy).
    • Begins with Christmas Eve Mass.
    • Celebrates the birthday of our Lord Jesus Christ – “ the Word became flesh & dwelt among us” John 1:14.
    • A holy day of rejoicing & thanksgiving.
    • Christmas season lasts till Feast of the Baptism of Jesus on Jan 10, 2010. During this season we celebrate Jesus’ early childhood events:
    • Feast of the Holy Family (27 Dec),
    • Solemnity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Mother of God (Jan 1),
    • Solemnity of the Epiphany (Jan 3)
    • Themes: Joy, peace, Christ as Light of the world, The Incarnation
    • Liturgical colour: White (purity, holiness)
    • Christmas is second in importance to Easter
  • 8. Ordinary Time 1
    • Root word “ordinal” means “the counted weeks”.
    • Begins on the Monday following Feast of the Baptism of Our Lord, & ends on the day before Ash Wed which marks the beginning of Lent.
    • Next year 2010, Ordinary Time starts 11 th Jan, ends 16 th Feb. Ash Wed on 17 th Feb.
    • This period allows us to reflect on the mysteries of Christ just celebrated; also provides for celebration of other solemnities, feasts days & memorials of Saints of the Church.
    • Main focus of readings is Christ’s earthly ministry.
    • Liturgical colour: Green symbolizing growth of spiritual life.
  • 9. LENT
    • Lent begins with Ash Wednesday & culminates in Easter, the most sacred day in the liturgical calendar.
    • Lent lasts 40 days.
    • Period of penance & purification, renewed repentance of our sins, a new turning to God, to get ourselves ready to celebrate Easter.
    • On Ash Wed we put ashes on our foreheads to signify repentance & sorrow for our sins.
    • During Lent we perform acts of penance – includes fasting & abstinence, prayers, sacrifices & almsgiving.
  • 10. LENT cont’d
    • Fasting means that a person can eat one full meal & two half meals on fast days.
    • Abstinence means to refrain from eating meat or meat products.
    • On Ash Wednesday & Good Friday, Catholics of age 18 – 59 are required to fast & abstain.
    • During Lent, the Church encourages its faithful to exercise personal self-denial & sacrifice for spiritual health i.e. to abstain from doing something we normally enjoy.
    • Catholics of age 18 to 59 years are required to fast.
  • 11. LENT cont’d
    • Abstinence shows a desire to become less self-centred, to overcome sinful inclination & to identify oneself with the sacrifice & death of Jesus.
    • We do works of mercy & deeds of kindness for those in need.
    • We give alms/ donations for charity.
    • We give more time for prayers & go for spiritual retreat, to take stock of our spiritual life.
    • Themes of Lent: Penance, prayer, sacrifice
    • Liturgical colour: Purple
  • 12. LENT cont’d
    • Holy week recalls Jesus’ passage from life & death to the glory of his resurrection.
    • Holy week starts with Palm Sunday & ends in the 3 days of Easter Triduum – Holy Thursday, Good Friday & Holy Saturday
    Palm Sunday Time-line of Lent Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Holy Week Week 5 Ash Wednesday Triduum Easter
  • 13.
    • Easter Triduum:
    • Holy Thursday recalls Jesus’ last supper with His disciples, when He instituted the Sacrament of the Eucharist & the Holy Order of Priesthood.
    • Good Friday commemorates his sufferings & death. On this day Mass is not celebrated, only a communion service, where the cross is venerated.
    • Holy Saturday commemorates the day Jesus lay in the tomb. There is no daytime Mass, until midnight when the Easter Vigil Mass is celebrated - Christ has risen from the dead, conquering death!
    • This marks the beginning of Easter.
  • 14. EASTER
    • Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus.
    • The Pascal Candle is lighted to signify that Christ as Light of the world has triumphed over sin & death.
    • Themes: New life in Christ, Light, Christian victory
    • Liturgical colour: White, often with gold.
    • During Vigil Mass, the singing of the Gloria & the Alleluia ring out with the bells ringing, to express our joy
  • 15. EASTER
    • The Easter event of God raising Jesus to life is crucial to the Christian faith.
    • Through the resurrection of Jesus, Christians believe that God our Creator offers salvation & hope to all humanity.
    • This is what Easter is about.
    • Traditionally, it is also the time for all catechumens to be baptized on Easter Vigil.
    • Easter season lasts for 50 days, ending on Pentecost Sunday
  • 16. Ordinary Time 2
    • After Pentecost we enter Ordinary Time again.
    • During this period, the mystery of Christ in all its fullness is celebrated & reflected on.
    • Special Sunday celebrations like Holy Trinity Sunday, Corpus Christi & Christ the King, help accomplish this purpose.
    • Solemnity of Christ the King marks the end of the Church Year, & a new cycle begins.
    • Themes: Growth, journey in Christ
    • Liturgical colour: Green
    • The Lectionary is a book of Scripture readings used during Mass.
    • Term means “gathering or selection of readings”.
    • Every day of the year appropriate Scripture texts are prescribed & proclaimed in our Masses. This is the Lectionary Cycle.
    • For Sunday masses, there are 3 readings & a Psalm.
    • These readings follow a 3-year cycle A, B & C.
    • For weekday masses, there are 2 readings & a Psalm, & follow a 2-year cycle.
    • Odd years are cycle 1 & even years cycle 2.
    • Readings for each cycle are different.
    • To keep holy all Sundays and Days of Obligation.
    • To observe the days of penance.
    • To go to confession at least once a year.
    • To receive Holy Communion at Easter Time.
    • To contribute to the support of the Church.