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What is it?• A set of principles for curriculum development that give all students equal opportunities to learn.
Inspiration for UDLThe inspiration for UDL was motivated by IDEA mandating that allstudents be taught and make progress within the general educationcurriculum. Overall, UDL was inspired by the need to address the needsof a diverse group of learners who may have disabilities that limit theirabilities to learn, such as English language barriers, behavioral andemotional problems, lack of interest in education and sensory, physical,or learning disabilities.
UDL’s Three Principles• Provide Multiple Means of Representation Provide Multiple Means of Action/Expression• Provide Multiple Means of Engagement
Multiple Means of Representation• Teachers must present information in varied ways. • Examples: ActivBoards, digital stories, audio- visual devices, iPads, Mimio, and web.
Provide Multiple Means of Active/Expression• Teachers must give students alternatives as a means of expressing comprehension. • Examples: assistive technology, options for expressing skills and fluency, and options that support goal-setting, planning, and self- monitoring.
Provide Multiple Means of Engagement• Teachers must maintain student interest and motivation. • Examples: student response systems, laptops, iPads, and digital images.
Three Net works of UDL• Recognition Strategic• Affective
Recognition Net works• The “what” of learning• Responsible for processing patterns
Strategic Net works• The “how” of learning• Responsible for processing actions
Affective Net works• The “why” of learning• Responsible for processing emotions
Role of Technology in UDL• Provides access to learning environments, materials and experiences. Digital tools offer flexibility to display content differently and marking content. Examples: • Assistive Technology • UDL Tools to Assist Learners • Barrier Free Learning Environment
Impact of UDL• Provides alternatives so that every student can learn Builds flexibility into the curricular materials so that all students can be successful• Flexibility of technologies supports needs of diverse learners Increases technological awareness
Brain Research on LearningBased on findings of how the brain processesinformation, it has a way of distributing theprocesses to different places based on the taskand level of learner. Therefore, it is essential thatcurriculum, instruction, and assessment isdifferentiated to activate all three learningnetworks.
How does UDL support cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and academic diversity?• UDL supports all types of diversity including academic, cultural, and ethnic to help promote success, so students with varied cultural, socioeconomic, and educational backgrounds will see and be successful. UDL also reduces the learners barriers in the classroom, engages all types of learners, while still challenging students.• UDL provides diversity and flexibility especially when incorporating technology which implements tools that are as flexible and diverse as the students. Students will recognize their preferred method of learning and retaining information.
CAST Online Tools and ResourcesLesson Builder: http://lessonbuilder.cast.org/• Provides teachers with tools and models to create and adapt lessons to increase access and participation for all types of learners in a general education curriculum. This tool can be used to generate lessons and instruction to reach a diverse group of learners, while incorporating technologies and providing students with flexibility with materials and assessments.
CAST Online Tools and Resources• Curriculum Barrier Finder: http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/curric This tool helps teachers find hidden barriers in the curriculum and educational setting. This tool can be used to ensure that teachers are using the best possible methods and materials for student success after analyzing the curriculum.
CAST Online Tools and Resources• UDL Class Profile Maker: http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/classp • The class profile maker helps teachers locate their students’ strengths, needs, and interest. • This tool can be used to help teachers apply the UDL framework and use the template to determine the learning profile of their students so that they can better meet the individual needs of each student.
References• CAST: Center for Applied Special Technology website Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009). Universal Design for Learning. [Educational video]. Baltimore: Author.• Rose, D., & Meyer, A. (2002). Teaching every student in the digital age: Universal design for learning. Retrieved from http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/