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Social Media & Democracy
 

Social Media & Democracy

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  • Problem is complexitiy.Why does internet have an effect on democratization or why not?So this research is about:How doe societal factors influence the interaction between social media crowdsourcing tools and democratization,How can we us that information to design better tools, and deploy them in a better way.
  • What do youexpect, of the effect of the Internet?That is why, Afghanistan was chosen.
  • ObjectivesEnable citizen participation in election monitoring throughout Afghanistan on election day.Prove that even in the developing world, conflict areas, and fragile states, crucial data can be made available with low overhead and local contributors as primary sources.Assist the international community by providing a transparent, contextualized overview of events on election day, in near real-time.

Social Media & Democracy Social Media & Democracy Presentation Transcript

  • Social media & democracy
    Case study on Ushahidi in Afghanistan
    1
  • Ushahidi
    Ushahidi is a tool that is build for democratizing information, increasing transparency and lowering the barriers for individuals to share their stories.
    First website created by a community of Kenyan bloggers, developed into a free software platform
    Egypt
    http://www.u-shahid.org/cr/
    Afghanistan
    http://www.fefa2010.com/
    2
  • Ushahidi platform
    Combines existing technology
    • Open source software
    • PHP (Kohana PHP5 framework)
    • Built-in support for SMS gateways
    Clickatell for sending
    FrontlineSMS for receiving
    • Google Maps API for geocoding
    3
  • SMS reportingand feedback cycle
    4
  • Research Topics
    • Ushahidi
    • Theoretical propositions on
    IT system performance
    Democracy
    Media effects on society & democracy
    Internet effects on society & democracy
    • Influence of
    Societal factors
    Design decisions
    Deployment decisions
    5
  • Socio-Technical system
    6
    Socio-technical levels (Whitworth, 2009)
  • Web of system performance
    7
    Web Of System Performance (Whitworth, 2009)
  • What is a democracy?
    Dennis and Snyder (1997): “All democracies share certain important precepts – open debate with sufferance of unpopular opinions, and decisions taken by honest voting and thereupon accepted.”
    Tocqueville, Democracy in America
    • Importance of associations
    • Importance of free press
    • Third wave of democratization
    Industrial revolution
    Post WWII era
    ICT revolution
    8
  • Media system dependencytheory
    9
    MSD theory (S. J. Ball-Rokeach & DeFleur, 1976)
  • Influence ICT on Democraticgrowth
    10
    Hypothetical Model for the influence of Communication Technologies and Endogenous Sociocultural Structures on Democratic Growth Based on Relationships Identified by MSD theory (Groshek, 2009)
  • Alive in Afghanistan
    11
  • Alive in Afghanistan
    12
  • Alive in Afghanistan
    Alive in Afghanistan
    • Presidential elections of 2009
    • Parliamentary elections of 2010
    Afghanistan
    • 42 % below national poverty line
    • 18 % literacy rate (age >15)
    • Important media: Radio and Mobile Telephony
    13
  • Alive in Afghanistan
    14
  • Alive in Afghanistan
    15
  • Societal factors influencing success
    • Level of Education
    Literacy
    Digital literacy
    Concepts of democracy, participation, etc.
    • Location: Urban/Rural
    • Wealth
    • Age: Junior/Senior
    • Trust in Government: Sociopolitical (in)stability, corruption
    • Level of democracy
    • Level of development
    • Cultural factors: Religion, emancipation, importance of family
    • Level of Communication Infrastructure
    16
  • Design & deployment Decisions
    • Good Partnerships
    • Marketing of the platform
    • Creating alternative ways to interact
    • ‘Social’ rules: Policies on crowdsourcing, privacy, community building, etc.
    • Contingency planning
    • Estimating feasibility of citizen-reporting
    17
  • Final thoughts
    18
    Hypothetical Model for the influence of Communication Technologies and Endogenous Sociocultural Structures on Democratic Growth Based on Relationships Identified by MSD theory (Groshek, 2009)