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War Of 1812

War Of 1812






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    War Of 1812 War Of 1812 Presentation Transcript

    • What are some major events leading to The War of 1812?
      • US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was seized.
        • Britain required licenses for ships bound for Europe
        • France confiscated cargo from licensed ships
      • Impressment of American sailors
        • Many British sailors became naturalized US citizens and deserted British vessels and joined American crews.
        • British Navy kidnapped these sailors off American ships and had them rejoin the British Navy
    • What are some major events leading to The War of 1812?
      • Economic Diplomacy Fails
        • Embargo Act of 1807 halted all trade with Europe
        • Embargo is a government ban on trade with other countries
        • Embargo was unpopular in port cities, especially in the North
    • Jefferson Farewell Enter James Madison
      • Jefferson did not want to run for a 3 rd term
      • Madison was Jefferson’s Secretary of State
      • Madison was an author of 30 of the 81 the Federalist Papers (including No. 10 and No. 51)
      • Considered the most important contributor to the Constitution
      • Also the shortest President
    • What was Madison’s role leading up to The War of 1812?
      • Non-Intercourse Act
        • Forbade trade with France and Britain; however President could reopen trade when either France or Britain lifted restrictions
        • Was this successful? Why or Why not
      • War Hawks
        • Southern congressmen favored war, even though it hurt the east
        • Why did the War Hawks want war?
    • What were some of the benefits of going to war with Britain?
      • To allow reopening of trade
      • National Pride
      • To stop the impressment of sailors
      • CANADA!!!
    • What were some drawbacks to going to war?
      • Not everyone in the US wanted to go to war
      • Military was small
        • Standing Army was small
        • Militia comprised most of our forces, and they did not like to fight outside of their state borders
        • Navy was quite small only 22 ships
      • Britain was a great Superpower and could crush us like a bug and we could lose territory that was gained in the Treaty of Paris or the Louisiana Purchase
    • Declaration of War
      • June of 1812 Madison asked Congress for declaration of war
      • Vote was split along regional lines
      • War started with Invasion of Canada
    • Key Battles
      • US Burns York (now Toronto)
        • US figured the Canadians would welcome the Americans and quickly join the US to expel Britain from North America…this did not happen
      • Perry Defeated the British on Lake Erie
        • This gave the US control of Lake Erie
      • Britain Blockades the Eastern Seaboard
        • This prevented shipping from leaving, and made the war more unpopular in the Northeast
    • The Roof is on Fire…
      • In August 1814, British Forces Sailed into Chesapeake Bay and capture Washington D.C.
      • They burn the White House and the Capitol
      • Madison and Congress Barely escape
    • Oh Say Can You See…
      • Unlike D.C., Baltimore was Ready for the British
      • The City militia inflicted heavy casualties on the British
      • After bombarding Fort McHenry on September 13, 1814 The British abandon the attack
      • Francis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment and penned a poem which becomes the National Anthem.
    • Treaty of Ghent
      • Treaty was Negotiated in Europe and was signed on Dec. 24, 1814 ending the war of 1812
      • The War ended in a stalemate, where no party gained or lost any territory.
      • The issue of impressment was not addressed, but faded on its own.
    • Battle of New Orleans
      • Fought after the treaty was signed (but not ratified)
      • Why was New Orleans important?
      • Pirates and Frontiersman fought alongside US troops
      • Made Andrew Jackson a National hero and household name
      • Ensured treaty ratification
    • If The War of 1812 ended in a tie, why was it important?
      • Gave the United States a National Identity
        • We were able to hold our own against the British
        • Started us thinking about continuing westward expansion
        • Ended bad feelings toward the British
      • Creates a hero in Andrew Jackson and the Western Frontiersmen