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War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
War Of 1812
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War Of 1812

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  • 1.  
  • 2. What are some major events leading to The War of 1812?
    • US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was seized.
      • Britain required licenses for ships bound for Europe
      • France confiscated cargo from licensed ships
    • Impressment of American sailors
      • Many British sailors became naturalized US citizens and deserted British vessels and joined American crews.
      • British Navy kidnapped these sailors off American ships and had them rejoin the British Navy
  • 3. What are some major events leading to The War of 1812?
    • Economic Diplomacy Fails
      • Embargo Act of 1807 halted all trade with Europe
      • Embargo is a government ban on trade with other countries
      • Embargo was unpopular in port cities, especially in the North
  • 4. Jefferson Farewell Enter James Madison
    • Jefferson did not want to run for a 3 rd term
    • Madison was Jefferson’s Secretary of State
    • Madison was an author of 30 of the 81 the Federalist Papers (including No. 10 and No. 51)
    • Considered the most important contributor to the Constitution
    • Also the shortest President
  • 5. What was Madison’s role leading up to The War of 1812?
    • Non-Intercourse Act
      • Forbade trade with France and Britain; however President could reopen trade when either France or Britain lifted restrictions
      • Was this successful? Why or Why not
    • War Hawks
      • Southern congressmen favored war, even though it hurt the east
      • Why did the War Hawks want war?
  • 6. What were some of the benefits of going to war with Britain?
    • To allow reopening of trade
    • National Pride
    • To stop the impressment of sailors
    • CANADA!!!
  • 7. What were some drawbacks to going to war?
    • Not everyone in the US wanted to go to war
    • Military was small
      • Standing Army was small
      • Militia comprised most of our forces, and they did not like to fight outside of their state borders
      • Navy was quite small only 22 ships
    • Britain was a great Superpower and could crush us like a bug and we could lose territory that was gained in the Treaty of Paris or the Louisiana Purchase
  • 8. Declaration of War
    • June of 1812 Madison asked Congress for declaration of war
    • Vote was split along regional lines
    • War started with Invasion of Canada
  • 9. Key Battles
    • US Burns York (now Toronto)
      • US figured the Canadians would welcome the Americans and quickly join the US to expel Britain from North America…this did not happen
    • Perry Defeated the British on Lake Erie
      • This gave the US control of Lake Erie
    • Britain Blockades the Eastern Seaboard
      • This prevented shipping from leaving, and made the war more unpopular in the Northeast
  • 10. The Roof is on Fire…
    • In August 1814, British Forces Sailed into Chesapeake Bay and capture Washington D.C.
    • They burn the White House and the Capitol
    • Madison and Congress Barely escape
  • 11. Oh Say Can You See…
    • Unlike D.C., Baltimore was Ready for the British
    • The City militia inflicted heavy casualties on the British
    • After bombarding Fort McHenry on September 13, 1814 The British abandon the attack
    • Francis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment and penned a poem which becomes the National Anthem.
  • 12. Treaty of Ghent
    • Treaty was Negotiated in Europe and was signed on Dec. 24, 1814 ending the war of 1812
    • The War ended in a stalemate, where no party gained or lost any territory.
    • The issue of impressment was not addressed, but faded on its own.
  • 13. Battle of New Orleans
    • Fought after the treaty was signed (but not ratified)
    • Why was New Orleans important?
    • Pirates and Frontiersman fought alongside US troops
    • Made Andrew Jackson a National hero and household name
    • Ensured treaty ratification
  • 14. If The War of 1812 ended in a tie, why was it important?
    • Gave the United States a National Identity
      • We were able to hold our own against the British
      • Started us thinking about continuing westward expansion
      • Ended bad feelings toward the British
    • Creates a hero in Andrew Jackson and the Western Frontiersmen

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