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Task 8.5 Sequence World War I
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Task 8.5 Sequence World War I

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  • Transcript

    • 1. 1914
      • June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, is assassinated in Sarajevo
      • July 28 Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
      • August 1 Germany declares war on Russia
      • August 3 Germany declares war on France
      • August 4 Great Britain declares war on Germany
    • 2. 1914
      • August 4 Germany invades neutral Belgium
      • August 26-30 German army achieves its greatest victory of the war on the Eastern front at the Battle of Tannenberg
      • September 5-10 First Battle of the Marne halts German invasion in France
      • September 15 First trenches of the Western front are dug
    • 3.  
    • 4. 1915
      • January 19, 1915 First German Zeppelin air raid on England
      • February 4 Germany declares a submarine blockade of Great Britain. Any boat approaching England is considered a legitimate target
      • April 22-May 5 Second Battle of Ypres marks first use of chemical weapons
      • April 25 Allies begin assault on Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey
    • 5. 1915
      • May 7 Sinking of the passenger ship Lusitania
        • Killed 1200, 123 Americans
      • May 23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
      • August 30 Germany responds to U.S. anger by ceasing to sink ships without warning
      • December 28 Allies begin withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli
    • 6.  
    • 7. 1916
      • February 21 - December 18, 1916 The longest battle of the war, the Battle of Verdun, is fought to a draw with an estimated one million casualties
      • July 1-November 18 The Battle of the Somme results in an estimated one million casualties and no breakthrough for the Allies
      • December 31 Russian Rasputin, is murdered by relatives of the Tsar
    • 8. 1917
      • February 1, 1917 Germany again declares unrestricted submarine warfare
      • April 6 The United States declares war on Germany
      • July 6 T.E. Lawrence and the Arabs capture Aquaba
      • July 16-November 10 Third Battles of Ypres, known as Passchendaele, results in minor gains, but still no breakthrough
    • 9. 1917
      • November 7 Bolshevik socialists, led by Lenin, overthrow Kerinsky government
      • December 3 The new Russian government, represented by Leon Trotsky, signs an armistice with Germany
      • December 9 British capture Jerusalem
    • 10. 1918
      • January 8, 1918 President Woodrow Wilson declares his 14 points as the path to world peace
      • March 21 Germans launch the first of five major offensives to win the war before American troops appear in the trenches
      • April 25 British and Australian troops stop the German advance near Amiens
                                                    
    • 11. 1918
      • May 23 German shells land on Paris
      • August 8 Allied counteroffensives on the Somme push the German army back
      • September 29 Allied troops break through the German fortifications at the Hindenberg line
      • November 11 At eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, the war ends as Germany and Allies sign an Armistice
    • 12. Armistice-November 11, 1918 truce (agreement to end fighting) -For Germany- withdrawal of Russians = new hope for successful end to war. Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare -For Allies-American troops pouring into war fronts and Allied forces began advancement towards Germany; Battle of Belleau Wood -September 1918-General Ludendorff informed leaders that war was lost and demanded that government ask for peace; Allies unwilling to make peace; November 1918- sailors in Kiel, Germany mutiny and within days councils of workers and soldiers forming (Socialist Party), taking over civilian and military offices; Social Democrats under Friedrich Ebert announce creation of democratic republic--Kaiser in exile.  German government signs armistice two days later
    • 13. Treaty of Versailles
      • Big 4 meet in Paris
        • Woodrow Wilson
        • Lloyd George of Britain
        • Orlando of Italy
        • Clemenceau of France
      • Signed June 28, 1919
      • Reparations
      • Mandates
    • 14. Reparations
      • payments made to the victors (winners) by the vanquished (losers) to cover the costs of a war
        • after surrender, Germany stripped of all weapons and made vast payments to cover all costs of the war to France ( Georges Clemenceau)
        • a separate Rhineland as a buffer state between France and Germany
    • 15. 14 Points Versailles Treaty
    • 16. Mandates-Europe
    • 17. Mandates-Middle East
    • 18.