Cause and Effect Imperialism Arms Race Alliances Nationalism
ROAD TO WAR <ul><li>Germany, Italy, Russia, Austro-Hungary all fairly recently “unified” with significant internal unrest ...
Causes World War I
First , nationalism  led to  ……  Transition,  imperialism  led to …,  Transition , the arms race  led to ….  Transition , ...
 
 
Germany/Austria-Hungry Alliance Austria declares war on Serbia Russia/Serbia Alliance Gavrilo Princep of  Serbia assassina...
OVERVIEW <ul><li>65 million combatants from 30 countries representing every continent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>29 million bec...
 
U.S. Motives <ul><ul><li>Wilson  - pro-Neutral but also pro-Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submarines  – British navy ...
The Great War: Modern Warfare
STALEMATE <ul><li>Allies halt Central Powers; both sides dig in </li></ul><ul><li>No flanks for either side to attack </li...
Trench Warfare <ul><li>Machine gun and artillery make it difficult to attack a trench </li></ul><ul><li>Huge artillery pre...
 
Trench Warfare Evolves <ul><li>Three group (squad) infiltration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squad one finds and fixes enemy </l...
RUTHLESS TACTICS <ul><li>Chemical warfare made trench warfare more horrible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mustard agents deployed ...
 
Tanks <ul><li>Brits introduce in Sept 1916 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means to cross No Man’s Land with protection from machine...
Tanks <ul><li>Battle of Somme, Sept 1916 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36 of 60 tanks make it into battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
 
Submarines <ul><li>New aspect of “Total War” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeting “neutral merchant” ships </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Aviation “Red Baron” <ul><li>Used initially for reconnaissance/spotting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless communication criti...
“ Jenny”  JN-4
Jaeger
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Task 8.5 Causes World War I

856

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
856
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Task 8.5 Causes World War I

  1. 1. Cause and Effect Imperialism Arms Race Alliances Nationalism
  2. 2. ROAD TO WAR <ul><li>Germany, Italy, Russia, Austro-Hungary all fairly recently “unified” with significant internal unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Germany seeks new markets/prestige of colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Massive arms race </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple and extensive alliances </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes World War I
  4. 4. First , nationalism led to …… Transition, imperialism led to …, Transition , the arms race led to …. Transition , the alliances led to led to resulted caused produced brought about set off First, Second, Third, In addition, Finally, Imperialism Arms Race Alliances Nationalism
  5. 7. Germany/Austria-Hungry Alliance Austria declares war on Serbia Russia/Serbia Alliance Gavrilo Princep of Serbia assassinates Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Russia Declares war on Austria Germany Declares war on Russia France declares war on Germany
  6. 8. OVERVIEW <ul><li>65 million combatants from 30 countries representing every continent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>29 million become casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naval battles around the world and land battles in Europe, Africa, and Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance = Germany, Austria, Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+Turkey + Bulgaria - Italy = Central Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entente Cordiale = Britain, France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Russia + Italy + (later) US = Allied Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revolutionary technology, but evolutionary tactics </li></ul>
  7. 10. U.S. Motives <ul><ul><li>Wilson - pro-Neutral but also pro-Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submarines – British navy blockades German ports, u-boats only way to fight back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Lusitania – part cruise ship, part munitions transport </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic ties – America was in a recession – JP Morgan and bankers loan vast money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Military orders from France and Britain huge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological and ethnic ties – align with British (democratic) – Germany embodies autocrat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany’s unscrupulous war efforts – makes Germans look like opportunists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Zimmermann Note </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Attack on neutral Belgium </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Russian Issue- Autocracy pre-1917 then Communist in 1917. US can not join the other democracies of the world </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 11. The Great War: Modern Warfare
  9. 12. STALEMATE <ul><li>Allies halt Central Powers; both sides dig in </li></ul><ul><li>No flanks for either side to attack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbed wire entanglements up to 150’ deep </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neither side gains more than 10 miles in over 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Mass is supreme principle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massed assaults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massed fires </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Trench Warfare <ul><li>Machine gun and artillery make it difficult to attack a trench </li></ul><ul><li>Huge artillery preps make “No Man’s Land” virtually impassable </li></ul>
  11. 15. Trench Warfare Evolves <ul><li>Three group (squad) infiltration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squad one finds and fixes enemy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squad two finds and exploits weak spots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squad three supports two and exploits breaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong points reduced later from rear/flanks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combined arms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>grenades, machine guns, flame throwers in infantry squads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fires smoke, gas, to keep defenders’ heads down </li></ul></ul>
  12. 16. RUTHLESS TACTICS <ul><li>Chemical warfare made trench warfare more horrible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mustard agents deployed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve agents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Machine Gun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>600 b/m </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Tanks <ul><li>Brits introduce in Sept 1916 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means to cross No Man’s Land with protection from machine guns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially employed piecemeal and in too small numbers to be decisive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unreliable and slow </li></ul></ul>
  14. 19. Tanks <ul><li>Battle of Somme, Sept 1916 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36 of 60 tanks make it into battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scattered across 3 mile front </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cambria, Nov 1917 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used in mass (300 tanks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened 12x6 mile front </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amiens, August 1918 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 tanks, 13 infantry divisions, 2 cavalry divisions, 2000 artillery pieces, 800 aircraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First modern “combined-arms” battle </li></ul></ul>
  15. 21. Submarines <ul><li>New aspect of “Total War” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeting “neutral merchant” ships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germans announce submarine blockade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part physical, part psychological weapon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Draws Allied resources away from offensive operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilian control of production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sinking of ships with US passengers is major factor in US’s eventual entry into the war </li></ul>
  16. 22. Aviation “Red Baron” <ul><li>Used initially for reconnaissance/spotting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless communication critical development in spotting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arial combat originally a counter-reconnaissance function </li></ul><ul><li>Troops on the ground don’t like the planes overhead…. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the war, planes were being used to drop bombs on railways, intersections, factories, etc… </li></ul>
  17. 23. “ Jenny” JN-4
  18. 24. Jaeger
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×