Task 8.5 Causes World War I
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Task 8.5 Causes World War I

  • 1,313 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,313
On Slideshare
1,303
From Embeds
10
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
31
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 10

http://cbchs.blackboard.com 10

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Cause and Effect Imperialism Arms Race Alliances Nationalism
  • 2. ROAD TO WAR
    • Germany, Italy, Russia, Austro-Hungary all fairly recently “unified” with significant internal unrest
    • Germany seeks new markets/prestige of colonies
    • Massive arms race
    • Multiple and extensive alliances
  • 3. Causes World War I
  • 4. First , nationalism led to …… Transition, imperialism led to …, Transition , the arms race led to …. Transition , the alliances led to led to resulted caused produced brought about set off First, Second, Third, In addition, Finally, Imperialism Arms Race Alliances Nationalism
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Germany/Austria-Hungry Alliance Austria declares war on Serbia Russia/Serbia Alliance Gavrilo Princep of Serbia assassinates Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Russia Declares war on Austria Germany Declares war on Russia France declares war on Germany
  • 8. OVERVIEW
    • 65 million combatants from 30 countries representing every continent
      • 29 million become casualties
    • Naval battles around the world and land battles in Europe, Africa, and Asia
    • Triple Alliance = Germany, Austria, Italy
      • +Turkey + Bulgaria - Italy = Central Powers
    • Entente Cordiale = Britain, France
      • + Russia + Italy + (later) US = Allied Powers
    • Revolutionary technology, but evolutionary tactics
  • 9.  
  • 10. U.S. Motives
      • Wilson - pro-Neutral but also pro-Britain
      • Submarines – British navy blockades German ports, u-boats only way to fight back
            • -Lusitania – part cruise ship, part munitions transport
      • Economic ties – America was in a recession – JP Morgan and bankers loan vast money
        • -Military orders from France and Britain huge
      • Psychological and ethnic ties – align with British (democratic) – Germany embodies autocrat
        • Germany’s unscrupulous war efforts – makes Germans look like opportunists
            • -Zimmermann Note
            • -Attack on neutral Belgium
            • Russian Issue- Autocracy pre-1917 then Communist in 1917. US can not join the other democracies of the world
  • 11. The Great War: Modern Warfare
  • 12. STALEMATE
    • Allies halt Central Powers; both sides dig in
    • No flanks for either side to attack
      • Barbed wire entanglements up to 150’ deep
    • Neither side gains more than 10 miles in over 2 years
    • Mass is supreme principle
      • Massed assaults
      • Massed fires
  • 13. Trench Warfare
    • Machine gun and artillery make it difficult to attack a trench
    • Huge artillery preps make “No Man’s Land” virtually impassable
  • 14.  
  • 15. Trench Warfare Evolves
    • Three group (squad) infiltration:
      • Squad one finds and fixes enemy
      • Squad two finds and exploits weak spots
      • Squad three supports two and exploits breaches
      • Strong points reduced later from rear/flanks
    • Combined arms:
      • grenades, machine guns, flame throwers in infantry squads
      • fires smoke, gas, to keep defenders’ heads down
  • 16. RUTHLESS TACTICS
    • Chemical warfare made trench warfare more horrible
      • Mustard agents deployed
      • Nerve agents
    • Machine Gun
      • Maxim
      • 600 b/m
  • 17.  
  • 18. Tanks
    • Brits introduce in Sept 1916
      • Means to cross No Man’s Land with protection from machine guns
      • Initially employed piecemeal and in too small numbers to be decisive
      • Unreliable and slow
  • 19. Tanks
    • Battle of Somme, Sept 1916
      • 36 of 60 tanks make it into battle
      • Scattered across 3 mile front
    • Cambria, Nov 1917
      • Used in mass (300 tanks)
      • Opened 12x6 mile front
    • Amiens, August 1918
      • 500 tanks, 13 infantry divisions, 2 cavalry divisions, 2000 artillery pieces, 800 aircraft
      • First modern “combined-arms” battle
  • 20.  
  • 21. Submarines
    • New aspect of “Total War”
      • Targeting “neutral merchant” ships
    • Germans announce submarine blockade
      • Part physical, part psychological weapon
    • Draws Allied resources away from offensive operations
      • Civilian control of production
    • Sinking of ships with US passengers is major factor in US’s eventual entry into the war
  • 22. Aviation “Red Baron”
    • Used initially for reconnaissance/spotting
      • Wireless communication critical development in spotting
    • Arial combat originally a counter-reconnaissance function
    • Troops on the ground don’t like the planes overhead….
    • By the end of the war, planes were being used to drop bombs on railways, intersections, factories, etc…
  • 23. “ Jenny” JN-4
  • 24. Jaeger