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Era Of Good Feelings Overview

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  • 1. Unit 4 ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS
  • 2. Era of Good Feelings
    • After the War of 1812, citizens were patriotic.
    • Era often remembered by President Monroe
    • During the War of 1812, Americans realized Americans needed stability in government
  • 3. 2 nd Bank of the United States
    • Introduced by John C. Calhoun, passed by Henry Clay and Daniel Webster
    • The new bank had power to issue currency and control state banks in effect to control the currency which had gotten out of control.
    • Congress also passed a protective tariff on imports to drive up their price-aimed at protecting American manufacturers
    Domestic Policy
  • 4. The American System
    • Tariff of 1816
    • Second Bank of the U. S.
    • Internal improvements at federal expense. - National Road
    Henry Clay, “The Great Compromiser” Domestic Policy
  • 5. McCulloch v. Maryland
    • 1819
    • Maryland attempted to tax the Bank of the US
    • John Marshall addressed the issue of creating the bank saying it was constitutional (Article 1 Section 8.18)
    • He then reinforced that the Federal Govt was supreme and state governments could not interfere with an agency of the Fed Govt-therefore taxing the bank was UNCONSTITUTIONAL!!
    Domestic Policy
  • 6. Northeast--Early Industry
    • Roads were being built-National Road
    • Rise of Steamboats and canals
    • First railroads emerged
    • Rise of factories and labor unions
    Domestic Policy Lowell Factory 1820
  • 7.
    • Southern Economy: Tobacco, rice, sugar, and especially cotton played an important role in the economy of the South
    • “ Cotton Belt” inland SC across W. Ga, Al, Miss, and into E. TX
    • Ely Whitney-Cotton Gin
      • Increased the demand for slavery
      • Congress banned slave trade in 1808, but reproduction levels were extremely high.
    South---Cotton Belt Domestic Policy
  • 8. Growing Sectionalism
    • 1819, the Nation had 11 free and 11 slave states. Admitting any new states would upset the balance in Congress
    • 1819 Missouri requested admission into the union as a slave state
    • Congressmen from NY proposed legislation that no new slaves could be brought into Missouri and for all enslaved children to be freed @ age 25.
      • House accepted and the Senate rejected
    Domestic Policy
  • 9. Missouri Compromise
    • Solution came as Maine requested to come in as a free state. The senate accepted Missouri as slave and Maine as free
    • There was some change to the agreement by an Illinois senator that prohibited slavery in the LA territory North of Missouri’s southern border at the 36 °30 line to the Pacific Ocean
    • Became known as the MISSORI COMPROMISE
    Domestic Policy
  • 10.  
  • 11. Today’s lesson makes the important point(s) that… In the slide presentation today, … parenthetical statement …, makes the point(s) that… When it comes to the topic of ... state the topic … , historians agree that… The slide presentation, … parenthetical statement …, claims that … Make Meaning on at least 4 important events
  • 12. Nationalist Diplomacy
    • Slaves had been escaping to Spanish Florida
    • Seminole Indians staged raids against Americans in Georgia
    • 1818 General Andrew Jackson went into Florida and he destroyed several Seminole villages and against orders seized Spanish settlements (Pensacola). He then removed the Spanish governor of Florida from power.
    Foreign Policy
  • 13. Conflicts with Spain and the Florida Session
  • 14. Nationalist Diplomacy
    • Spain demanded Jackson be punished
    • Secretary of State defended Jackson saying this would not have happened if Spain were able to keep order
    • Spain gave in and ceded Florida to the USA in the Adams-Onis Treaty
    Foreign Policy
  • 15. Adams-Onis Treaty1819
  • 16.  
  • 17. Nationalist Diplomacy
    • By 1824, all of Spain's colonies had declared independence
    • European powers (Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia—later France) formed the Quadruple Alliance
    • Their goal was to help Spain regain its colonies-against Britain's objections
    • Britain suggested Britain and the USA issue a joint statement supporting independence in Latin America.
    Foreign Policy
  • 18. Nationalist Diplomacy
    • Britain also wanted the US to declare that expansion by European powers in the Western Hemisphere would stop
    • Russia’s influence on the Pacific Coast worried Americans
    • Secretary of State Adams warned against working with the British when dealing with Russia and Spain—be independent—not Britain's junior partner.
    Foreign Policy
  • 19. Monroe Doctrine
    • 1823, President Monroe declared the “American continents were henceforth not to be considered for future colonization by any European powers”
    • The Monroe Doctrine , was a bold move, because we could not have backed up this threat if the European powers had challenged us.
    • Also upheld Washington’s warning of not getting into alliances with European nations
    Foreign Policy
  • 20. The Monroe Doctrine, 1823
    • Referred to as America’s Self Defense Doctrine.
    • A continuation of the neutrality and isolationist policies established by Washington.
    • The US to declare the Americas off-limits to Europe.
    Monroe Doctrine US will protect the Americas---new countries which formed in Central and South America No European Colonization in the Americas US will recognize existing European Colonies US will not meddle in European affairs Foreign Policy
  • 21. Election of 1824 and 1828
    • John Quincy Adams v. Andrew Jackson
    • Jackson won popular vote, but no clear winner in the electoral college. Went to the House of Representatives for a decision.
    • Henry Clay despised Jackson so he threw support behind Adams to help him win votes.
    • Jackson's supporters accused Clay of arranging votes for Adams in exchange for a cabinet position. “Corrupt Bargain”
    • Adams appointed Clay as Secretary of State.
    • Election of 1828 Adams v. Jackson again.
    • Used mudslinging and Jackson won the election
  • 22. Today’s lesson makes the important point(s) that… In the slide presentation today, … parenthetical statement …, makes the point(s) that… When it comes to the topic of ... state the topic … , historians agree that… The slide presentation, … parenthetical statement …, claims that … Make Meaning about 3 important events