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Critical Period Part 2
 

Critical Period Part 2

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Critical Period Part 2 Critical Period Part 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Washington takes the oath of office
  • Washington’s Presidency
    • Received all electoral votes
    • Adams (Federalist) becomes Vice President
    • Remained “neutral” in politics (but actually, supported Federalists)
  • Washington’s First Cabinet
    • Alexander Hamilton-Treasury
    • Henry Knox- War
    • Edmond Randolph- Attorney General
    • Thomas Jefferson- State
    • Tried to balance regions and viewpoints
    • Rift develops between Hamilton and Jefferson
  • Hamilton’s Financial Program
    • Washington supported
    • Tried to gain support of the elite
    • Government should assume public debt and state debt
    • Taxes raised by a whiskey tax
    • Create a National Bank to stabilize financial structure
  • Opposition to Federalist Program
    • Virginia protests assuming state debts
      • Future capital is moved to DC as compromise
    • Small farmers protest taxes (Whiskey Rebellion)
    • National Bank
      • “ Loose” interpretation of Constitution. troubled Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
      • Passed over protests
    Tax collector is tarred and feathered
  • Beginnings of Political Parties
    • Constitution does not mention parties
    • Washington opposed factions and parties
    • These early debates (National Bank and Taxes) created allies and enemies
      • Two camps emerge
        • Federalist
        • Republican (Anti-Federalist)
  • Securing the Frontier
    • Northwest Ordinance inadequate
      • Land claims needed to be addressed
    • Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania put down by federal government.
    • North American lands barely mentioned in Constitution and not dealt with clearly
  • Today’s lesson makes the important point(s) that… In the slide presentation today, … parenthetical statement …, makes the point(s) that… When it comes to the topic of ... state the topic … , historians agree that… The slide presentation, … parenthetical statement …, claims that … Make Meaning
  • Foreign Policies
    • Britain and France engaged in war
    • American neutrality declared
      • “Citizen Genet”
      • British impressment
      • Jay’s Treaty with Great Britain (Federalist influenced)
      • Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain (US can use the Mississippi )
    Foreigner hanged in effigy
  • Pinckney’s Treaty
  • John Adams’ Presidency
    • Washington’s Farewell Address
    • One-term Federalist, elected in 1796 over Jefferson (became VP)
    • Federalists were divided
  • The Quasi War with France
    • XYZ Affair outrages Americans
    • Undeclared naval warfare
    • Eventually tensions cool
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
    • Federalists attempt to quiet Republican opposition
    • Alien Act
      • Harder for foreigners (tended to be Republicans) to become citizens
    • Sedition Act
      • Punished anti-government activities (writings and otherwise)
    Raising the alarm in Congress 1798
  • The “Revolution” of 1800
    • Bitter campaigns
    • Thomas Jefferson elected after 36 counts
    • Republicans control executive and legislative Branches
    • Rematch from 1796
    • Federalist control the judiciary
      • John Adams appoints “midnight” judges
  • Today’s lesson makes the important point(s) that… In the slide presentation today, … parenthetical statement …, makes the point(s) that… When it comes to the topic of ... state the topic … , historians agree that… The slide presentation, … parenthetical statement …, claims that … Make Meaning