SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.   Wood pellets in competition with other energy    carriers to provide heat – a market analysis  Fran...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                        Content  • Satisfying heat demand today  • Price and price development of diff...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.   Energy carriers to satisfy German heat demand2006                                  2010 …and heat f...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                 Structure of heat supply from renewable energy sources in                            ...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.     Energy from biomasse – heating values  • LHV wood/straw (absolute dry): ~18 MJ/kg       – ~ 65-70...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.       Price development of different energy                     carriers                             ...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.        Investment costs of different heating                     systems                        Oil h...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.     O&M costs – comparing wood chip with                  oil heatings                        Oil hea...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                        Excurs biogas heat© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010                 Eviva – nachhaltige En...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                                                    Local district heating grid     Heat exchanger    ...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                        Biogas heat from CHP© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010             VOGELSANGER STRASSE 250 ...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                        Why biogas heat? I  • Biogas plants: ~70% of the CHP-unit heat is    available...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                        Why biogas heat? II  • Improved heat usage results in:       – Income from hea...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.      Comparison of levelised heat costs for           different heating systems                      ...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                          summary  • Heat supply from biomass more economic in the    mid- and long-te...
SERVICE MIT ENERGIE.                Don‘t hesitate to contact us! Frank Schillig e: f.schillig@eviva-energy.com t: +49-221...
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Competition of energy carriers

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Wood pellets in competition with other energy
carriers to provide heat – a market analysis

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Competition of energy carriers

  1. 1. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Wood pellets in competition with other energy carriers to provide heat – a market analysis Frank Schillig International Pelletforum 2011, Stuttgart , 5.10.2011© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 VOGELSANGER STRASSE 250 I 50825 KÖLN I GERMANY
  2. 2. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Content • Satisfying heat demand today • Price and price development of different energy carriers • Excursus heat from biogas plants • Economics of heat suppy – Investment and O&M costs – levelized heat costs© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  3. 3. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Energy carriers to satisfy German heat demand2006 2010 …and heat from renewable energy sources?© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  4. 4. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Structure of heat supply from renewable energy sources in Germany 2010 Total: 136.1 TWh Biogenic solid fuels (households): 53.4 % Near-surface Biogenic solid fuels geothermal energy: (industry): 3.9 % 15.0 % Biogenic solid fuels (co- generation power Deep geothermal installations and energy: Biogenic share of heating installations): 0.2 % Biogas: waste: 5.3 % 5.6 % Biogenic liquid fuels: Solar thermal energy: 8.7 % 3.0 % 3.8 % Sewage gas: Landfill gas: 0.8 % 0.3 % Share of biomass *: 92 % * Solid and liquid biomass, biogas, sewage and landfill gas, biogenic share of waste; Source: BMU-KI III 1 according to Working Group on Renewable Energy-Statistics (AGEE-Stat); 1 TWh = 1 Bill. kWh; deviations in the totals are due to rounding; as at: July 2011; all figures provisional
  5. 5. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Energy from biomasse – heating values • LHV wood/straw (absolute dry): ~18 MJ/kg – ~ 65-70% hard coal – ~40% fuel oil – ~50% natural gas • LHV vegetable oils: ~ 35 MJ/kg (~90% diesel) • LHV biogas: ~ 20-22 MJ/m3 (~55-65% natural gas)© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  6. 6. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Price development of different energy carriers Wood chips Wood pellets Fuel oil Natural gas© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  7. 7. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Investment costs of different heating systems Oil heating gas heating pellet heating wood chip heating© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  8. 8. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. O&M costs – comparing wood chip with oil heatings Oil heating Wood chip heating Annuised Investment O&M Fuel© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  9. 9. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Excurs biogas heat© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  10. 10. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Local district heating grid Heat exchanger Biogas- CHP-unit school pool Etc. Heat offtake Heat offtake Heat offtake Supply boundary biogas pipeline© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  11. 11. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Biogas heat from CHP© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 VOGELSANGER STRASSE 250 I 50825 KÖLN I GERMANY
  12. 12. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Why biogas heat? I • Biogas plants: ~70% of the CHP-unit heat is available • >6000 biogas plants in Germany with >2200 MWel installed capacity >2300 MWth capacity • Heat usage limited: ~50%, often only to heat farm buildings or neighbouring houses • EEG 2012: heat usage > 60% !© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  13. 13. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Why biogas heat? II • Improved heat usage results in: – Income from heat sales – Income from CHP-bonus improved economics – Relating the heat price to fossile fuel prices increased economic stability by hedging price variations – Constant EEG-tariffs + market driven heat sales hedging the market variations in biogas substrate prices© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  14. 14. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Comparison of levelised heat costs for different heating systems Fuel oil Natural gas Wood pellets Wood chips Biogas heat Levelised heat costs (€/kWh) Operational years© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  15. 15. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. summary • Heat supply from biomass more economic in the mid- and long-term • Today wood chips (HHS) and Pellets can be competitive to oil and gas, depending on the case – Investment costs higher for biomass based heatings compared to oil or gas heatings – Energy carrier prices of oil and gas higher than wood chips or pellets • Biogas heat can be very competitve if available© KWA EVIVA GMBH 2010 Eviva – nachhaltige Energiedienstleistungen
  16. 16. SERVICE MIT ENERGIE. Don‘t hesitate to contact us! Frank Schillig e: f.schillig@eviva-energy.com t: +49-221-789469-10 w: www.eviva-energie.com Eviva Strives for a Proper and Straight Support of Your Sustainable Energy Supply
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