• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Session 2 omer zafar

Session 2 omer zafar






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds


Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Session 2 omer zafar Session 2 omer zafar Presentation Transcript

    • IFAD’s Investments for Food Security in the Arab World Omer Zafar Near East, North Africa and Europe Division International Fund for Agricultural Development Food Secure Arab World – A Roadmap for Policy & Research Beirut, 6-7 February 2012
    • Cereals demand and supply in Arab Countries Cereal demand and supply in Arab countries (2000 – 2030)
    • IFAD’s investments to improve food security managing natural resources increasing agriculture productivity promoting rural finance upgrading value chains creating economic opportunities public-private partnerships
    • Natural resource management - waterWater scarcity 75% decline in per capita renewable water resources since 1950 projected further 40% decline in water resources by 2050IFAD’s investments Improved Water Management LocalAppropriate Water InstitutionsTechnologies Infrastructure (WUAs)
    • Natural resource management - waterIFAD investments include: soil and water conservation rainwater harvesting alternative water resources distribution systems on-farm water use efficiency livestock water points
    • Natural resource management - land Syria: investing in land reclamation through de-rocking total area reclaimed is more than 700,000 hectares, or 12% of total cultivable area IFAD investments contributed to de- rocking 180,000 hectares directly benefitting 70,000 households, doubling arable land in targeted areas
    • Natural resource management - rangelandsStatus: rangelands are at risk of degradation, with economic lossesIFAD investments include: deferred grazing veterinary services linking pastoralists’ institutions withshrub plantation genetics improved services and reseeding water availability markets Resource Resource Institutional Conservation Management Support
    • Increasing agricultural productivityStatus cereals yields are 50% of world average cereals productivity growth is declining horticulture productivity growth is relatively good
    • Increasing agricultural productivityIFAD investments include: R&D partnerships improved varieties improved management practices demonstration plots & field schools increased private sector role Agricultural Extension DeliveryTechnologies Services Systems Increased Agricultural Productivity
    • Promoting rural finance  support access to a variety of financial services  promote a range of financial institutions and modalities  support demand-driven and innovative approaches  encourage market-based approaches  focus on sustainability and poverty outreach  promote an enabling environment for rural finance
    • Promoting rural finance:Sanadiq in Syria, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen
    • Promoting rural finance:Sanadiq in Syria Achievements  76 sanadiq created, with 13,500 members (45% women)  22,000 loans disbursed, amounting to USD 17 million  loans are short-term with maximum one year duration  investments in agriculture, livestock, off-farm micro-businesses Way Forward  legalisation of sanduq as financial institution  creation of Apex institution for financial and other services  linkages for refinancing from financial institutions  innovative forms of capitalisation
    • Promoting rural finance:Refinancing Smallholders (producers associations) Financial loan Ministry of Refinancing loan InstitutionsIFAD Markets repayment Finance Facility repayment loan forward repayment contract Agribusiness (enterprises)
    • Promoting rural finance:Refinancing Refinancing helps financial institutions to:  increase rural outreach and attract new clients  adapt financial products to rural demand  invest own funds and leverage additional funds  introduce innovative collateral requirements (e.g forward contracts) Way Forward  diversify financial instruments (micro-leasing, equity financing)  technical assistance to mobilise deposits and savings (exit strategy)
    • Promoting rural finance:Equity financing temporary strategic investments in rural enterprises (often family-owned or cooperative) with market demand, growth potential and job creation; combined with non-financial advisory services (managerial, technical, market access); the foundation is the value chain approach (agriculture, fisheries, livestock, off-farm and non-farm sectors) economic benefits for the rural poor through backwards linkages with producers, job creation for unemployed and under-employed, and rural economic multiplier effects
    • Creating economic opportunities - investmentsMarket driven investments to promote economic opportunities and create jobs selected value chains with comparative advantage, market demand and growth potential (agriculture, livestock, fisheries, non-farm) broad range of rural financial services (savings & credit groups, microfinance, debt finance, refinancing, equity financing) market-derived infrastructure development linked to the selected value chains producers’ associations and win-win contractual arrangements with processors, traders and markets agribusiness development (SMEs linked to smallholders and/or creating job opportunities) and non-farm enterprises
    • Creating economic opportunities - services Services for smallholders  smallholder producers’ associations  climate-smart, environmentally-friendly technologies  access to a range of financial services  access to technical and business services  GGAP training and certification  skills development and rural labour market intermediation Services for enterprises  access to a range of financial services  access to managerial, business, technical services  HACCP / ISO compliance and certification  market promotion
    • Upgrading agricultural value chains:operational experiences Services: Financial Business Marketing Market promotion HACCP / ISO Services: PA support Producers forward Agribusiness Market Technology Association contract (enterprises) (domestic; export) (smallholders) Financial Business GGAP Market-derived Infrastructure
    • IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region  IFAD’s active portfolio in the region covers 10 borrowing/recipient countries and amounts to USD 930 million  of this, USD 450 million is financed by IFAD and USD 480 million by cofinanciers (domestic & external)  this portfolio is now directly reaching some 2.9 million poor rural people across about 3,100 communities  as such, the active portfolio is reaching 2.4% of the rural population or 6.5% of the rural poor in borrowing/recipient countries  in 2011, the average investment cost (loan/grant) per beneficiary amounted to about USD 52
    • IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region: some results 380,000 ha of land under improved management practices 250,000 ha of land under irrigation scheme constructed or rehabilitated 220 livestock water points constructed or rehabilitated 3,200 drinking water systems constructed or rehabilitated
    • IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region: some results 270,200 poor rural people in strengthened community organisations 32,000 poor rural people in savings and credit groups 23,500 poor rural people trained in income generating activities 20,500 poor rural people trained in post- production, processing and marketing
    • IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region:some results 1,500 km of roads constructed or rehabilitated
    • IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region: some results 1,400 savings and credit groups formed and/or strengthened 460 savings and credit groups with women in leadership positions
    • IFAD’s active portfolio in the Arab region:Partnerships (selected) Cofinancing  Islamic Development Bank  OPEC Fund for International Development  World Bank  Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development  Global Environmental Facility  borrowing/recipient Governments  private sector such as commercial banks and investors  beneficiaries Knowledge  UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia  International Center for Agriculture Research in Dry Areas  International Center for Biosaline Agriculture  International Food Policy Research Institute  Food and Agriculture Organisation  National agriculture research institutes
    • Thank you