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  • 1. Policies, Institutions,and Markets toStrengthen FoodSecurity and Incomesfor the Rural PoorCGIAR ResearchProgram 2 (CRP2)IFPRIBIOVERSITY, CIAT, CIMMYT, CIP,ICARDA, ICRAF, ICRISAT, IITA,ILRI, WORLDFISH
  • 2. Outline of the Presentation Introduction of CRPs Rationale for CRP2 Overview Research portfolio Impact pathways Partnerships Budgets and implementation
  • 3. CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) The New Research Instrument of the CGIAR Aligned with the Strategy and Results Framework of the CGIAR For a more strategic approach of the CGIAR system to achieve impact on SLOs Integration of research across core competencies A portfolio of 15 CRPs… among which CRP2, on policies, institutions and markets
  • 4. Global Food Security Challenges are Large Weak institutions High and volatile Lack of evidence-based food prices policiesLow capacity Poor governance Poor governance Thin and ©Hugh McLeod Natural resource uncompetitive constraints markets Population growthClimate change Poor policies Conflict Underinvestment in agriculture Gender inequality and rural developmentRising energy prices Demographic Biofuel expansion changes
  • 5. Poverty: Concentrated in Rural Areas… and most poor depend on agriculture  2.5 billion people related to agriculture Global Urban poor  800 m smallholders SouthMENA rural 287 mil  75% of poor are Asia rural5 mil 407 mil rural; majority willECA rural be rural to about5 mil 2040 East AsiaLAC rural rural  900 m extreme27 mil Sub-Saharan 218 mil Africa rural rural poor ($1/day) 229 mil Source: World Development Report 2008
  • 6. Agricultural Growth’s Impact on Poverty Reduction GDP growth from agriculture benefits the poorest half +2 times more than GDP growth from non-agricultureExpenditure gains induced by 1% 8 Agriculture 6 GDP growth (%) 4 2 0 Non- -2 agriculture Low est 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Highest Expenditure deciles Source: World Development Report 2008
  • 7. Strategic Goal of CRP2Identify and promote implementationof policies, institutions, and marketsto improve food security and incomesof the rural poor on a sustainable basis
  • 8. Objectives of CRP2 Improve policies to deliver sustainable technologies to small-scale producers Enhance the allocation and effectiveness of public and private investment Improve macroeconomic, trade, and agricultural sector policies Better governance for equitable access for poor and women to rural services, property rights, collective action Increase competitiveness of markets to benefit producers and consumers Offer greater income opportunities by integrating small-scale producers into upgraded value chains
  • 9. What is New in CRP2 Linkages between policies, institutions and markets Integrated research Effective approach todata strategy gender analysis Country-led and country-owned development processes Inclusive Innovativepartnerships research and strong areas andcollaboration methods Management for impact
  • 10. Theme 2 clarifies feasibility of policy reforms; shows how propertyThree Interlinked Themes rights, collective action, and asset patterns affect technology adoption. Theme 1 identifies needed THEME 2 technology policies, investments, and safety nets. Inclusive Governance Theme 2 shows how producer & Institutions groups and control over assets can help small-scale producers participate in THEME 1 OUTCOMES value chains. Effective • Reduced rural poverty • Improved food security Policies & • Improved nutrition and health Strategic • Sustainable management of natural resources Investments Theme 3 identifies market opportunities, product quality THEME 3 needs, and certification, food Linking Small safety, and traceability Producers standards that affect the institutional Theme 1 identifies to Markets environment. macroeconomic conditions, investments, and technology policies to improve inclusive markets for smallholders. Theme 3 identifies sector strategies, regulation and investment needs, and market failures to be overcome.
  • 11. Research Portfolio: Comprehensive and Focused THEME 1 THEME 2 THEME 3 Effective policies and Inclusive governance Linking small strategic investments and institutions producers to markets Subtheme 1.1 Subtheme 2.1 Subtheme 3.1 Foresight and strategic Policy processes Innovations across scenarios the value chain Subtheme 1.2 Subtheme 2.2 Subtheme 3.2 Macroeconomic, trade, Governance of rural Impact of upgrading & investment policies services value chains Subtheme 1.3 Subtheme 2.3 Production and Collective action and technology policies property rights Subtheme 2.4 Subtheme 1.4 Institutions to Social protection policies strengthen the assets of the poor
  • 12. Strategic Research on Gender Uncover broader lessons • Assessing experiences with gender analysis under individual projects Collect gender-disaggregated data • Strengthen information systems, with better methods, data, & analysis Collaboration • GCARD RoadMap • Combining global CGIAR and local NARs expertise Priority on areas with high gender disparities • Africa, South Asia Develop context-specific strategies for women’s engagement and outreach
  • 13. State-of-the-art Research Approaches Strategic foresight platform Innovative data banking and access, including long‐term panel datasets Social network analyses, involving gender‐disaggregated survey techniques Experimental games New impact evaluation techniques through use of randomized incentive designs Innovations in risk management through innovative insurance approaches Participatory action research Gender and intrahousehold analyses Country Strategy Support Programs
  • 14. Impact Pathways Monitoring and evaluation, impact assessment Development Implementation community, Extension services, of development stakeholders, actions advocates NGOs Influence policy development and implementation arena 2 System-Level Outcomes Inform and enrich research, 1 bolster research capacity • Reduced rural povertyResearch Improved Knowledge • Improved food Public Awareness • Farmersoutputs • THEME 1 • Media • Traders securityResearch • THEME 2 • General public • Service providers • Improved nutritioncapacity • THEME 3 and health • More sustainable management of Provide policy recommendations 3 natural resources Policymakers, Policy Policy analysts ministries changes
  • 15. Inclusive Partnerships for ImpactParticipate in the designof CRP2 and conduct Collect, share,research and transmit Knowledge CG Centers, GFAR & Research knowledge sharing regional forums, partners NARSs, universities, partners Donor agencies, research institutes, NGOs, other CRPs… universities… Policy and Take up research practitioner outcomes partners Donor agencies, farmers’ organizations, private sector… Partnerships = 23% of CRP2 funding
  • 16. Comparative Advantage of CRP2 Established partnerships and track record Specific mandate of CGIAR at intersection of food security, poverty, and sustainable agriculture Expertise in both social and biophysical sciences from the CGIAR and other partners Large network for data collection, analysis, policy engagement in developing countries Focus on research-based capacity building Stimulates country-led, country-driven, and country-owned policies and strategies
  • 17. CRP2 BudgetBy funding source ($M)100 Other income 80 60 Current restricted 40 donor projects 20 CGIAR Fund 0 2011 2012 2013 By theme, 3 year total ($M) By center, 2011 (%)12 10 Theme 1 Other CIAT centers 7% 16% ICRISAT Theme 2 11% 58 126 Theme 3 ILRI 4% Strategic Research on IFPRI 59 Gender 62% CRP2 management
  • 18. 2012, First Year of Implementation December 2011: CRP2 proposal approved by CGIAR Fund Council January 1, 2012: CRP2 officially launched First quarter 2012: contracts and agreements signed, governance bodies set up, research begun Throughout 2012: regional priority-setting process, monitoring strategy, communication strategy, gender strategy, data strategy