5 a almuhaisen

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5 a almuhaisen

  1. 1. ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺬﺍﺋﻲ......ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬‫ﻳﻌﺗﺑﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻲ ﻣﻥ ﺃﻫﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺎﺟﻳﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺻﻭﺭ ﻭﻓﻲ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺭﺍﺣﻝ ﺍﻟﺗﻧﻣﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻣﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺗﺻﺎﺩﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻭﺩ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻫﻣﻳﺔ ﻷﺳﺑﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻭﺍﻣﻝ ﻛﺛﻳﺭﺓ ﻓﺎﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻲ ﻫﻭ ﻧﻅﺎﻡ ﺣﻳﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺳﻠﻭﺏ ﻣﻌﻳﺷﺔ ﻭﻣﺻﺩﺭ ﻟﻠﺩﺧﻝ، ﻭﻳﺗﻌﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﺍﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻣﻠﻳﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺎﺟﻳﺔ ﻛﻭﻧﻪ ﻧﻅﺎﻡ ﺃﻣﻥ ﻏﺫﺍﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﻲ ﻭﻣﺣﻭﺭﺍ ﻣﻥ ﻣﺣﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺗﻧﻣﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﻳﻔﻳﺔ .‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺍﻻﻛﺘﻔﺎء ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻲ‬
  3. 3. ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻣﻁﻠﻕ: ﻳﻌﻧﻲ ﺇﻧﺗﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍء‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻝ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺣﺩﺓ ﺑﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺃﻭ ﻳﻔﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺏ ﺍﻟﻣﺣﻠﻲ. ﻭﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻣﺳﺗﻭﻯ ﻣﺭﺍﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻛﺗﻔﺎء ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺗﻲ ﺍﻟﻛﺎﻣﻝ ﻭﻳﻌﺭﻑ ﺃﻳﺿﺎ ً‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻷﻣﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺗﻲ.‬
  4. 4. ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻧﺳﺑﻲ:‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻗﺩﺭﺓ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺟﻣﻭﻋﺔ ﻣﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻭﻓﻳﺭ ﺍﻟﺳﻠﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻳﺔ ﻛﻠﻳﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺟﺯﺋﻳﺎ ,‬‫ﻭﺿﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺣﺩ ﺍﻷﺩﻧﻰ ﻣﻥ ﺗﻠﻙ ﺍﻻﺣﺗﻳﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﺗﻅﺎﻡ.‬
  5. 5. ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺷﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻘﻳﺱ ﻣﺩﻯ ﺍﻋﺗﻣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻠﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺩﺑﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺗﻳﺎﺟﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻳﺔ،‬‫ﺗﻘﻳﺱ ﻣﺩﻯ ﺗﻘﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﺑﻠﺩ ﻧﺣﻭ ﺗﺣﻘﻳﻕ ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺗﺯﺍﻳﺩ ﻣﻥ ﺍﻻﻛﺗﻔﺎء ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺗﻲ‬
  6. 6. ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺗﺑﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻠﺗﻬﻡ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻳﺔ‬ ‫03% ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺛﺭ ﻣﻥ ﺣﺻﻳﻠﺔ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﺣﺭﺝ، ﻭﻣﻥ ﺛﻡ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻧﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺗﺑﻌﻳﺔ،‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺗﺑﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻣﺛﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍﺋﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻗﻝ ﻣﻥ 01% ﻣﻥ ﺣﺻﻳﻠﺔ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺿﻣﻥ ﻣﻧﻁﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺗﻘﻼﻝ.‬
  7. 7. ‫•‬ ‫ﺍ – ﺍﻟﻘﻳﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺗﻰ ﺗﻭﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺣﺻﻭﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻏﺫﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﺗﻣﺭﺍﺭ ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻔﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺧﻝ ﺍﻷﺳﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻁﺭﻯ ﻟﺷﺭﺍء ﺍﻷﻏﺫﻳﺔ‬ ‫2 – ﻋﺩﻡ ﺍﺳﺗﻘﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻠﺏ •‬ ‫3 – ﺍﻟﻛﻭﺍﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﻁﺑﻳﻌﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻰ ﻣﻥ ﺻﻧﻊ ﺍﻹﻧﺳﺎﻥ. •‬‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻘﺻﺩ ﺑﻛﻝ ﻧﻘﻁﺔ ﻣﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺑﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺣﻠﻭﻝ •‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻛﻝ ﻣﻧﻬﺎ.‬‫•‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻣﻛﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺣﻛﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﻟﺗﺣﺳﻳﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺿﺎﻉ؟‬
  8. 8. ‫ﺍﻧﺗﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍء ﻣﺣﻠﻳﺎ‬
  9. 9. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻁﻮﻳﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﻞ ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺍﻻﻏﺬﺍء‬ ‫ﻣﻥ ﺍﻟﺑﺩﺍﺋﻝ ﺍﻻﻛﺛﺭ ﺍﻣﻧﺎ •‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻔﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻣﺎﻟﻳﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻳﺔ •‬
  10. 10. ‫ﻣﻥ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻻﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻝ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻣﺎﻟﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬‫ﺗﺣﺗﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻧﺗﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻐﺫﺍء ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻝ ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻁﺑﻳﻌﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻓﻳﺭﺓ ﻣﻥ ﺍﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﻳﺎﻩ‬
  11. 11. ‫ﻣﺗﻁﻠﺑﺎﺕ ﻧﺟﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺛﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬
  12. 12. ‫ﺍﺳﺱ ﻧﺟﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺛﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻥ ﺗﻛﻭﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺎﺭﻳﻊ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺟﺩﻭﻯ ﺍﻗﺗﺻﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺗﺑﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﺣﻛﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺗﻣﻭﻳﻝ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ ﻻﻗﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺹ‬‫ﺍﺷﺭﺍﻙ ﺍﻟﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻣﺣﻠﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻣﻧﺎﻁﻕ ﺍﻟﺗﻲ ﻳﻧﻔﺫ ﻓﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺛﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ ﺿﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻟﻧﺟﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺛﻣﺎﺭ ﻟﻛﻭﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻭﻓﺭ ﺍﻟﻳﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬
  13. 13. ‫ﺍﺳﺱ ﻧﺟﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺛﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬
  14. 14. ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ ﻟﻼﺳﺗﺛﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺩﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺳﻭﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻳﻧﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺳﻌﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺭﻕ ﺍﺳﻳﺎ‬

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