Geothermal energy

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geothermal potential in Pakistan

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Geothermal energy

  1. 1. 090 87654321000000 Please remain silent and be seated. The presentation will start in :
  2. 2. GROUP F: GEO THERMAL ENERGY MEMBERS: MAHA SABIH LEADER SUBATA SIDDIQUI PRESENTER TASKEEN FATIMA RESEARCHER MARYAM ABID MEDIA CO-ORDINATOR MAHNOOR ANIS TIME KEEPER
  3. 3. The geothermal energy of the Earth's crust originates from the original formation of the planet and from radioactive decay of minerals. TODAY THIS ENERGY IS USED FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION …
  4. 4. Geo thermal energy is particularly found near,  VOLCANOS (Chagai Volcanic Arc)  Places where there is heavy chance of earthquakes due to TECTONIC PLATE MOVEMENT (Himalayan Ranges + Indus Zone)  HOT SPRINGS  RADIOACTIVE DECAY
  5. 5.  Pakistan is energy deficient and has to rely heavily on imports of hydrocarbon products to satisfy the need.  It can improve the life of people living in rural areas, thereby reducing the urban migration. ADVANTAGES 1. There’s a significant cost saving as geothermal energy generally involves low running cost as no fuel is used to generate the power. Thus, costs for purchasing , transporting and cleaning up the plant is low . 2. Dependence on fossil fuels decreases with the increase in the use of geothermal energy since no fuel is used to generate the power thus saving 80% cost over fossil fuels. 3. No Pollution ;Geothermal systems do not create any pollution as it releases some gases from deep within the earth which are not very harmful to the environment. Moreover ,Being a renewable energy source, it has helped in reducing global warming and pollution. 4. Geo-Thermal energy can be used directly for heating homes and offices. This makes it cheaper and affordable. 5. Job Creation and Economic Benefits: Government of various countries are investing hugely in the creation of geothermal energy which has created employment oppurtunities for the local people.
  6. 6. 1. 1) Not a Widespread Source of Energy: Since this type of energy is not widely used therefore the unavailability of equipment, staff, infrastructure, and training pose hindrance to the installation of geothermal plants across the globe. Lack of skilled manpower and availability of suitable build location pose serious problem in adopting geothermal energy globally. 2. 2)High installation cost, as it requires installation of power plants, hiring of certified installers and skilled staff. Moreover, electricity towers, and stations need to set up to move the power from geothermal plant to the consumer. All this requires huge investment 3. 3)Can run out of steam due to the drop in temperature or if too much water is injected to cool the rocks and may result in huge losses for the company 4. 4)Only suited to particular regions (regions with hot rocks below Earth) 5. 5)These sites may contain poisonous gases- which could be harmful for the workers. 6. 6)Transportation is not easy and the extracted energy can only be used in the surrounding area.

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