Laiba Ahmad (X-G)
Biomass means all materials which come from living organisms.
For instance, waste material of plants and
animals, wood, agricultural wastes, dead parts of plants and
animals. Since all living organisms contain carbon
compounds, biomass has energy stored in the form of chemical
compounds. The method of harnessing energy from each one of
them could be different. Direct burning of these materials
generally causes pollution but could be the cheapest form of
energy. E.g.. Using wood or dried cow dung cakes as fuel
generates a lot of smoke. Mostly in villages, all types of biomass
are traditionally burnt directly to produce heat. And if modern
methods are used, they can be utilized properly.
Regional development program (especially initiatives regarding energy
priorities and re-qualification of human resources of Trbovlje-Hrastnik
National policy in the field of energetic
Wood potentials in wider area (100 km radius)
Wider wood/biomass purchase market (south-east Europe)
Transportation options (railway connections, road infrastructure)
Possibilities of Coal plant Trbovlje surplus heat exploitation (wood drying)
It’s a renewable source of energy.
It’s a comparatively lesser pollution generating energy.
Biomass energy helps in cleanliness in villages and cities.
It provides manure for the agriculture and gardens
There is tremendous potential to generate biogas energy.
Biomass energy is relatively cheaper and reliable.
It can be generated from everyday human and animal wastes, vegetable and
agriculture left-over etc.
Recycling of waste reduces pollution and spread of diseases.
Heat energy that one gets from biogas is 3.5 times the heat from burning
Because of more heat produced the time required for cooking is lesser.
Pressure on the surrounding forest and scrubs can be reduced when biogas
is used as cooking fuel.
It is a more cost effective means of acquiring energy as compared to oil
supplies. As oil supplies are getting depleted day by day, it is becoming a
Growing biomass crops use up carbon dioxide and produces oxygen.
Expensive : Firstly, its expensive. Living things are expensive to care
for, feed, and house, and all of that has to be considered when trying to use
waste products from animals for fuel.
Inefficient as Compared to Fossil Fuels : Secondly, and connected to the
first, is the relative inefficiency of biomass energy. Ethanol, as a biodiesel is
terribly inefficient when compared to gasoline, and it often has to be mixed
with some gasoline to make it work properly anyway. On top of
that, ethanol is harmful to combustion engines over long term use.
Harmful to Environment : Thirdly, using animal and human waste to power
engines may save on carbon dioxide emissions, but it increases methane
gases, which are also harmful to the Earth’s— ozone layer. So really, we are
no better off environmentally for using one or the other. And speaking of
using waste products, there is the smell to consider.
While it is not physically harmful, it is definitely unpleasant, and it can
attract unwanted pests (rats, flies) and spread bacteria and infection.
Consume More Fuel : Finally, using trees and tree products to power
machines is inefficient as well. Not only does it take a lot more fuel to do
the same job as using conventional fuels, but it also creates environmental
problems of its own. To amass enough lumber to power a nation full of
vehicles or even a power plant, companies would have to clear considerable
forest area. This results in major topological changes and destroys the
homes of countless animals and plants.
Require More Land : Combustion of biomass products require some land
where they can easily be burnt. Since, it produces gases like methane in
atmosphere; therefore it can be produced in those areas which are quite far
from residential homes.
Our experts were engaged in the project of 350 biogas units establishment at
model villages of flood affected areas of Punjab i.e. Muzaffargarh, RY
Khan, DG Khan and Rajanpur.