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  • 1. Fruit Research Unit of Forlì (CRA‐FRF) Pear and Apple Breeding Program Gianluca Baruzzi  Mauro Bergamaschi Sandro Sirri  Walther Faedi
  • 2. CRA (Agricultural Research Council) is a National Research Organization which operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture, with general scientific competence within the fields of agriculture, agroindustry, food, fishery and forestry. Italian largest public agency operating in the field of agriculture
  • 3. The CRA joins the experience of  ‐ 28 Agricultural Research Centers ‐ 54 smaller Units for a total of 82 Institutes.
  • 4. Forlì Fruit culture Unit (CRA‐FRF) is located in the South‐east of Po Valley. It is involved in research activities on apple, pear, peach, plum, cherry and strawberry. The activity mainly aims variety evaluation and breeding using traditional techniques finalized to select new improved varieties well adapted mainly for Po Valley conditions.
  • 5. Fruit Research Unit of Forlì (CRA‐FRF) Apple and Pear Breeding Strategies Traditional breeding methods: ‐ crosses (complementary recombination mating scheme) ‐ seedlings selections (superior segregants were selected, 1‐2%) ‐ evaluation of selected seedlings (I° and II° level; graphted plants); ‐ final field and market evaluation (III° level) made by growers  associations co‐founding breeding activity; We decide together  the release of new varieties.
  • 6. Funding Pear and Apple breeding program started in 1971 it was  completely funded by the Ministry of Agriculture. From 1993 to 2002 the program was included in the Italian  National Project “Frutticoltura”, mainly supported by the  Ministry of Agriculture. From 2003 to 2007 the program was supported by the  Emilia‐Romagna Region. In 2007 public funding stopped!!!!!!
  • 7. Funding after 2007 Fortunately in 2007 a new private/pubblic program started. It was co‐ funded by Consortium NewPlant. It joins 3 important grower  associations: Apofruit Italia, ApoConerpo and Orogel Fresco A long‐term agreement was signed between CRA and NewPlant. Basically, we decide together the general objectives taking into  account mainly  grower association request.  They make the final field evaluation of the advanced selections and  according to us decide the release of new varieties. They manage the results of new variety released. 
  • 8. FIRST VARIETY RELEASED in 2012 FALSTAFF It will be managed by New Plant with a “club system”. Regulation will be  discussed in the next few weeks but most likely will be open only to  european  large  growers associations.
  • 9. ……..MACFRUT is the International  exhibition of the fruit and vegetable  sector held in Cesena (Italy). …..”Falstaff wins Oscar because it’s a  new red pear variety, similar in shape  to the typical Italian pear Abate Fétel,  but with a special taste, with vanilla  flavor”……… Fresh Plaza, 2012
  • 10. Falstaff CPVO file n° 2012 0409. Parent: Abate Fétel x Cascade Harvest time I decade of September Fruit size (average fruit weight, g) 220 Sweetness (°Brix) 15,8 Titratable acidity, g/l malic ac. 2,8 Important note: flavor improves a lot during storage Breeder Lorenzo Rivalta Walther Faedi Marco Castagnoli Sandro Sirri
  • 11. Disease resistance/tolerance: scab and powdery mildew (apple) fire blight (Pear; Aida and Boheme)  Main objectives Improvement of quality traits Extension of ripening season (early season for Pear; es. Carmen) Red skin color (Pear; es.Falstaff) Red flesh (apple and pear) CRA FRF 171 Carmen Falstaff
  • 12. Variety released Forum Superstayman Forlady
  • 13. CARMEN * CPVO n°17843. CIV‐Ferrara has been in charge of the  commercial exploitation of the variety  out of the Italy. The patent has been extended in many  countries outside the European Union  mainly in South America (Argentina,  Brazil, Chile, Uruguay), Australia, China,  Israel, Morocco, Mexico, New Zealand,  South Africa, Switzerland, Turkey,  Ukraine. Origin: Dr. J. Guyot x Bella di giugno Harvest Mid July Average fruit weight, g 185 °Brix 15,6 Titratable acidity, g/l malic ac. 3,1
  • 14. Bohéme* CPVO N° 20050815. Origin: Conference x Dr. J. Guyot  Harvest time Mid July Fire blight tollerant varieties Aida* CPVO n°20050816 Origin: Coscia x Dr. J. Guyot  Harvest time Mid August
  • 15. Forlady* Origin: Forum x Lady Williams CPVO n° 30557.
  • 16. Harvest time: late September,  7‐10 days after Golden Delicious 25 days before Cripps Pink
  • 17. The most important traits are: ‐ attractive red skin color ‐ excellent shelf life
  • 18. CRA‐FRF 33.1  CRA‐FRF 86.17.4  X Lady W. +20 Gala The most important traits are: good appearance and taste CRA‐FRF 33.1
  • 19. CRA‐FRF 30.5  Forum x Lady Williams +17 Fuji The most important traits are: good appearance (similar to Fuji) and constant productivity CRA‐FRF 30.5
  • 20. CRA‐FRF 29.3  Forum x Fuji +20 Fuji The most important traits are: peculiar shape and very good taste CRA‐FRF 29.3

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