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Wh11.4 bombing cities

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  • 1. Frontline Civilians: The Bombing of Cities 11.4 PART 2
  • 2. Britain Theory was that bombing civilians would force peace Victim of the first sustained bombing in September 1940  German air force bombed London nightly  Soon spread to many other British cities Londoners maintained high morale  Set standard for the rest of Britain
  • 3. Germany British began major bombing raids on German cities in 1942  Added to the food and fuel shortages  Feared incendiary bombs which created firestorms that swept through cities Bombing of Dresden in 1945 may have killed as many as 100,000 inhabitants and refugees Failed to decrease morale or industrial capacity
  • 4. Japan Japanese air force had almost been destroyed towards end of war  Left them open to air raids By 1945 many industries and ¼ of homes had been destroyed  Built of flimsy materials that were vulnerable to fire Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945
  • 5. Peace and a New War Allied victory led to a period of political tensions called the Cold War  Ideological conflict between the US and the SU  Division referred to as the “iron curtain” Tehran Conference- leaders of the big 3 met to decide the future course of the war  Agreed on a British-American invasion through France as well as a partition of postwar Germany Yalta Conference- Big 3 met, established United Nations, and decided the fate of Europe after Germany’s defeat  Stalin wanted a buffer of pro-soviet governments  Roosevelt favored the idea of self-determination
  • 6. Peace and a New War cont. The Potsdam Conference- Roosevelt had died and was succeeded by Truman making the conference difficult  Truman demanded free elections in Eastern Europe which Stalin would not allow War Crimes Trials- in Summer of 1945 the allies held a trial of war leaders for committing aggressive war and crimes against humanity  Nazi leaders were tried and condemned at Nuremberg.

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