TOWARD THE MODERN  CONSCIOUSNESS     CH.5 SECTION 4
THE SCIENCES• Marie Curie discovered radium gave off  energy/radiation from inside itself• Albert Einstein published his t...
SOCIAL DARWINISM• Theory used to justify the dominance of Western  nations- based on Darwins theories  • An example of ext...
CULTURE OF MODERNITY• Literature: Naturalists felt literature should be realistic  and address social problems. Symbolists...
PAINTING• Impressionism began in France, they rejected  studios and went into the country to paint nature  directly• Post ...
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Toward the modern consciousness5.4

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Toward the modern consciousness5.4

  1. 1. TOWARD THE MODERN CONSCIOUSNESS CH.5 SECTION 4
  2. 2. THE SCIENCES• Marie Curie discovered radium gave off energy/radiation from inside itself• Albert Einstein published his theory of relativity 1905• Sigmund Freud developed a method called psychoanalysis so that therapists can probe into a patients memory • Retrace repressed thoughts
  3. 3. SOCIAL DARWINISM• Theory used to justify the dominance of Western nations- based on Darwins theories • An example of extreme nationalism• Anti-Semitism: hostility towards and discrimination against Jews • Grew much stronger in Europe, especially Germany • Persecutions and bloody pogroms were widespread across eastern Europe
  4. 4. CULTURE OF MODERNITY• Literature: Naturalists felt literature should be realistic and address social problems. Symbolists believed in art for arts sake• Architecture: functionalism became popular • Frank Lloyd Wright built homes with long geometric lines and overhanging roofs• Music: Stravinsky used expressive sounds and bold rhythms, and impressionist composers used subtle and shifting harmonies
  5. 5. PAINTING• Impressionism began in France, they rejected studios and went into the country to paint nature directly• Post impressionism used color and structure to express mood (van Gogh)• Pablo Picasso created cubism- used geometric designs to re-create reality in the viewers mind

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