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Independent states in south and southeast asia
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Independent states in south and southeast asia



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  • 1. Independent States in South and Southeast Asia CH.16 SECTION 2
  • 2. British India Divided: India and Pakistan Split up over religious differences  India was primarily Hindu, Pakistan primarily Muslim On independence day millions fled across new borders Violence broke out because of fear, rumors, and thugs willing to take advantage of chaos  Millions were killed, including Ghandi
  • 3. The New India Jawaharlal Nehru took over as the new Prime minister and fashioned the new government after Britains labor party  State took ownership of major industries, utilities, and transportation, but private enterprise was allowed at the local level and land was privately owned. Industrial production tripled. After his death they faced serious poverty issues because of population growth
  • 4. India cont… His daughter took control and in 1984 used military force to stop Sikh rebels who wanted to make Punjab independent.  They later assassinated her out of revenge Her son replaced her and began new economic policies  Encouraged private enterprise and transferred state-run industries into private hands  Increased middle class Technology part of industry is thriving and many US companies began outsourcing jobs to India
  • 5. Pakistan Was a completely new nation in 1947 Early years marked by intense internal conflict  Especially between East and West Pakistan East Pakistan declared its independence in 1971 and after a brief civil war became Bangladesh Both have struggled to maintain stable governments and battle poverty
  • 6. Southeast Asia: Independence Philippines became independence from the U.S. in 1946 Britain gave up colonies of Burma 1948, and Malaya 1957 Netherlands and France were less willing to give up colonies, but the threat of a communist uprising set Indonesia free in 1949 In Vietnam, Communist leader Ho Chi Minh seized power from the French with the Vietminh  France refused to accept his leadership and siezed Southern half of Vietnam
  • 7. The Vietnam War The French could not defeat the Vietminh so they agreed to a peace settlement in 1954  Vietnam was divided and they would hold elections in 2 years The U.S. began aiding South Vietnamese government  Lyndon B. Johnson sent troops to Vietnam in 1965  War reached a stalemate and Nixon made an agreement pulling troops out in 1975 Vietnam was reunited under a communist regime  Led to Cambodia, Laos, and Indochina to become Communist
  • 8. Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos Today Vietnam is working hard to become an industrial nation and relations with the U.S. have greatly improved Cambodia became democratic in 1993 Laos remains one of the few remaining Communist countries along with Vietnam and North Korea Cambodia and Laos are among the world’s poorest countries