Cultural and intellectual trends

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  • 1. Cultural and Intellectual Trends CH.9 SECTION 4
  • 2. Radio and Movies Radio broadcasting began in the 1920’s Movies- the first full-length features- came about just after WWI Both had propaganda potential- an easy way to reach the masses Propaganda Ministry in Germany- made movies to get the Nazi message out
  • 3. Mass Leisure 8 hour work days left more time for fun Professional sporting events, movies, concerts Travel was easier because of trains and cars Totalitarian states used this as a way to control people  Created programs to provide activities or vacations for working class people
  • 4. Artistic trends Abstract art: believed the world made no sense, so why should art? Dadaists: obsessed with the idea that life has no purpose Surrealism: portrayed fantasies, dreams, or nightmares to show a reality beyond the conscious one.  Salvador Dali- placed every day objects out of context
  • 5. Modern Architecture Inspired by modernism Wanted functional buildings that combined technology and craft  Buildings have clean horizontal lines, and a business like look Hitler did not approve of this movement  Wanted buildings that would glorify the Nazi state
  • 6. Literature Writers wanted to explore the subconscious  Used “stream of consciousness” James Joyce- Ulysses tells the story of one day in the lives of ordinary people by following their inner thoughts Hermann Hesse- used Buddhist ideas to show the psychological confusion of modern existence
  • 7. Physics Werner Heisenberg Uncertainty principle- suggests that all physical laws are based on uncertainty  The behavior of sub-atomic particles is unpredictable Changed how the world was viewed