Chairman Mao• Mao Zedong, leader of the Chinese communists won the civil war in 1945 – People’s Republic of China• Chaing Kai-shek and 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and declared it the Republic of China• Mao began the Red Guard to destroy old culture and pushed to build a socialist society
The Great Leap Forward• Combined collective farms into vast communes – 30,000 lived and worked cooperatively – Hoped it would create a classless society• Bad planning and bad weather drove food production down – 16 million starved to death
The Cultural Revolution• 1966 Mao launched the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution – Wanted to create a permanent revolution – Wrote the Little Red Book-became their “bible” – Used the red guard to eliminate the “four olds”
China After Mao• Mao died 1976 and Deng Xiaoping seized power and brought the cultural revolution to an end.• Called for 4 modernizations – Industry, agriculture, technology, and national defense.• Agriculture and industry increased dramatically and China now has the worlds fastest growing economy
Movement for Democracy• More and more students were studying abroad and learning the ways of the West• Began protests like the one in Tiananmen Square – Protests began again in 1999
Chinese Society Under Communism• Women were now allowed to participate in politics and had equal rights with men in marriage• Children were encouraged to report on their parents• After Mao’s death more clothing choices were available• One-child policy began in 1979
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