Ch11 sec4 wh
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Ch11 sec4 wh Ch11 sec4 wh Presentation Transcript

  • The Home Front and the Aftermath of the War ch.11 section 4
  • THE MOBILIZATION OF PEOPLES WWII was a total war The bombing of civilians made the home front more dangerous Impact on civilians was much higher than other wars  More women working  More civilians killed (20 million) − Many civilians who were killed were children
  • THE SOVIET UNION Widespread industrial mobilization of the nation  “battle of machines”  Emphasis on military goods caused food and housing shortages  Women were used both in industry and fighting Leningrad- 900 days of siege.  Inhabitants got so desperate for food that they ate dogs, cats and mice.  1.5 million people died in the city
  • THE UNITED STATES The US was not fighting in its own territory  Became the arsenal for the allies − Built 6 ships a day and 96,000 airplanes a year Widespread migration- men and women moving to join the military or to work in new factories Over 1 million African Americans moved out of the South for industrial jobs  Increased racial tensions and led to riots Japanese Americans were put in internment camps  110,000 put in camps, 65% of whom were US born
  • GERMANY Hitler refused to mobilize economy at the start of the war  Began increasing armament production in 1942  Mobilized too late to save Germany Views towards women changed over the course of the war  Worked to keep women out of jobs before  Women began to be welcomed in the workplace slowly − Numbers still increased only very slightly
  • JAPAN Highly mobilized society  Planning board controlled prices, wages, labor and resources Kamikaze (“divine wind”)- suicide pilots Japan did not want to mobilize women  General Hideki Tojo believed weakening the family system would weaken the country Brought in Korean and Chinese laborers to help with labor shortages