Americans struggle with postwar issues


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US 12.1

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Americans struggle with postwar issues

  1. 1. Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues CH.12 SECTION 1
  2. 2. Postwar Trends After the war  Debate over the league of nation left US divided  Economy suffered without war orders  Soldiers faced unemployment, or took their old jobs away from women and minorities Nativism: prejudice against foreign-born people Isolationism: policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
  3. 3. Fear of Communism Red Scare:  Bolshevik revolution in Russia- called for spread of communism  Communist party formed in the US Palmer Raids:  Mitchell Palmer, J.E. Hoover, and agents hunted down all communists, socialists, and anarchists  Invaded homes and offices, and jailed people without trials- turned up nothing
  4. 4. Sacco and Vanzetti Italian immigrants and anarchists Were arrested and charged with robbery and murder Both provided alibis and all evidence was circumstantial They were found guilty and sentenced to death
  5. 5. Limiting Immigration Nativists believed fewer immigrants should be let into the country The KKK made a come back and began keeping blacks “in their place” and driving foreign born people out of the country Quota System: Emergency Quota Act of 1921  Established the maximum number of people who could enter the US from each foreign country  Later limited immigration from each European nation to 2 percent of the number of its nationals in the US in 1890 and prohibited immigration from Japan
  6. 6. Labor Unrest More than 3,000 strikes in 1919- strikers were labeled as communists Boston Police Strike: Boston police went on strike when representatives were fired for asking for a raise  Calvin Coolidge sent in the national guard to end the strike  Strikers were not sent back to work, new police were hired instead
  7. 7. Labor Unrest Cont. The Steel Mill Strike: Steel workers wanted to Unionize and negotiate for shorter hours  300,000 went on strike and were beaten by police  They were called communists  Eventually won a shorter work day, but no union Coal Miners Strike: John Lewis lead coal miners on a strike, even after it was ended by a court order  Won a 27% pay increase
  8. 8. Labor Movement Loses Appeal Union membership dropped by 2 million  The number of immigrant workers  Were willing to work in poor conditions  Spoke many different languages  Farmers who moved to factory jobs were used to relying on themselves  Most unions excluded African Americans