I. Globalization: A Preliminary DefinitionII. Bosworth & Gordon: Key Processes and Public ControversiesIII. Empirical DebatesIV. Normative DebatesVideo: Captive Audience
Globalization: A Preliminary Definition “an unprecedented compression of time and space reflected in the tremendous intensification of social, political, economic, and cultural interconnections and interdependencies on a global scale.” Stegler, p. ix• time-space compression• deterritorialization and supraterritoriality
One way to approach this: think about the world before globalization• Distance mattered—space often measured intime• Territorial boundaries more or less keptthings in and out• Society and culture had spatial referents• Everything had its “place” (literally)
In a world of deterritorialization and supraterritoriality:•Distance becomes almost irrelevant (the end ofdistance)•Boundaries are increasingly permeable.•Groups and cultures increasingly don’t have aterritorial basis (deterritorialization)•A new kind of non-physical “place” is emerging(supraterritoriality)
Bosworth and Gordon: A survey ofsome key processes• Expansion of international commerce• Rising importance of private capital flows• Increasing travel and migration• Increased communication and interactionbetween peoples
Bosworth and Gordon also point to some of thekey public controversies over globalization:• The fact there are winners and losers, and societiesvary in how much they compensate the losers• Continuing poverty: ¼ world’s population below $1 aday; over ½ below $2 a day• Inequality between rich and poor is rising• Environmental concerns and conflict over globalgovernance• Open borders and their effects (the piggy-back effect)
Frank Lechner: Empirical Debates2. Process vs. Project3. New Era vs. Nothing New (Globabaloney)4. Hard vs. Soft4. End vs. Revival of Nation State5. Cultural Sameness vs. Difference
Amartya Sen: Normative Debates (Good vs. Bad)2. Whether globalization is a Western curse3. Whether globalization fairly benefits the poor4. Whether the institutional infrastructure of globalization is adequate
“Over the past decade globalization hasbeen driven by technologicaladvances…..But globalization has alsobeen driven by policies and ideas…” Bosworth & GordonNext time: globalization as a neoliberalproject
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