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Health Hazard Evaluation at the Groveland Inn
 

Health Hazard Evaluation at the Groveland Inn

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    Health Hazard Evaluation at the Groveland Inn Health Hazard Evaluation at the Groveland Inn Presentation Transcript

    • PERC EXPOSURES AND SAFETY ISSUES INCIDENT INVESTIGATION Groveland Inn Nashville, TN By Tara Cole and JP Lapegrouse
    • PURPOSE AND SCOPE
    • GROVELAND INN NASHVILLE, TN
    • DRY CLEANING MACHINE
        • 10-year old machine with a refrigerated condenser to recover the PERC
    • ICE MACHINE
    • DRY CLEANING PROCESS
    • EMPLOYEE TASKS IN THE DRY CLEANING PROCESS
    • OBTAINING ICE FROM THE MACHINE
    • HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH DRY CLEANING
      • ERGONOMIC
      • PERCHLOROETHYLENE (PERC)
      • SYNONYMS/TRADE NAMES:
        • Perchlorethylene
        • Perk
        • Tetrachlorethylene
      • ROUTES OF EXPOSURE
        • Inhalation may cause CNS depression
        • Direct contact may with the liquid may impair the mucous membranes, eyes, and skin
      • BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
    • HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH ICE MACHINE SLIPS TRIPS ELECTRICAL SHOCK
    • ACUTE EXPOSURE TO PERC
      • IMMDIATELY DANGEROUS TO HEALTH OR LIFE (IDHL)
        • 106 ppm caused only slight eye irritation
        • 206-235 ppm for 20-30 minutes caused eye irritation, sinus congestion, dizziness, and sleepiness
        • 206-356 ppm for 2 hours caused headache, burning of the eyes, sinus congestion, impaired coordination, and nausea
        • 513-690 ppm caused eye, throat, and nose irritation, dizziness, loss of inhibition, and some incoordination after 10 minutes
        • 930-1185 ppm caused irritation of the eyes and throat, and marked dizziness after 2 minutes
        • 2,000 ppm caused slight narcosis in 5 minutes
        • IDLH for PERC is 150 ppm based on acute inhalation toxicity data in humans
    • CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO PERC
        • Liver damage
        • Peripheral neuropathy
    • PERC: A POTENTIAL CARCINOGEN
        • NIOSH considers PERC a potential occupational carcinogen defined by OSHA carcinogen policy [29 CFR 1990]
    • SLIPS, TRIPS, AND ELECTRICAL SHOCK
    • STATISTICS: PERC EXPOSURE HEALTH EFFECTS
        • INCIDENCE
        • PREVALENCE
    • STATISTICS: SLIPS, TRIPS, AND ELECTRICAL SHOCK
    • HAZARDS CONTROL METHODS
    • OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970
    • AIR CONTAMINANTS [29 CFR 1910.1000]
    • RESPIRATORY PROTECTION [29 CFR 1910.134]
    • WORK SURFACES GENERAL REQUIREMENTS [29 CFR 1910.22]
    • ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS
        • Establish a safety and health committee of top management
        • Write standard operating procedures for hazardous tasks
    • RECOMMENDED CONTROLS: DRY CLEANING
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
        • Worker Rotation
        • Reduce solvent use and exposures by laundering uniforms
      • ENGINEERING
        • Replace the 10 -year old dry-cleaning machine with a new one or with a new technology
        • Isolate solvent-based machines away from workers
        • Maintain dry-cleaning machines daily
        • Perform machine maintenance before or after employee work shifts
    • RECOMMENDED CONTROLS: DRY CLEANING
      • WORK PRACTICES
        • Follow written standard operating procedures
        • Keep dry-cleaning machine door closed whenever possible
        • Keep your head away from the door of the dry-cleaning machine when adding or removing clothing
      • PPE
        • Respirators
    • RECOMMENDED CONTROLS: ICE MACHINE
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
        • Move the ice machine to a less congested area, and install a floor drain
      • ENGINEERING
        • Buy an ice machine with a gravity-fed ice dispensing system
    • RECOMMENDED CONTROLS: ICE MACHINE
      • WORK PRACTICE
        • Promptly clean up spills near the ice machine
      • PPE
        • Provide slip resistant shoes to employees
    • PERC EXPOSURE COMPLIANCE MONITORING
        • PERSONAL BREATHING ZONE
        • AREA
    • REFERENCES
        • Public Law 91 596. Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. [Sec. 5.(a)(1)
        • Department of Labor, Occupational Safety an Health Administration, [29 CFR 1910.134]
        • Department of Labor, Occupational Safety an Health Administration, [29 CFR 1910.1000]
        • Department of Labor, Occupational Safety an Health Administration, [29 CFR 1990]
        • NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, 4th Edition. U.S.Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-113.
        • 1998-1999 TLVs ョ and BEIs ョ : Threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
        • Control of fire hazards in commercial dry cleaning shops using petroleum-based solvents. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH)Publication No. 97-159.
        • Criteria for a recommended standard: occupational exposure to perchloroethylene. U.S. Department of Health,Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service,Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH)Publication No. 76-185.
        • Pocket guide to chemical hazards. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-140, p. 300.
        • Control of exposure to perchloroethylene in commercial dry cleaning (Machine design). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health,DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-156
        • Recommendations for occupational safety and health: compendium of policy documents and statements. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS(NIOSH) Publication No. 92-100.