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Purpose of Lighting <ul><li>Illuminates subject and background </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a visual design </li></ul>
 
Good Lighting <ul><li>Defines subject shape/texture </li></ul><ul><li>Flatters subject </li></ul><ul><li>Matches locale </...
 
Controlling Contrast <ul><li>Video doesn’t come close to film when it comes to differences in contrast, not to mention the...
 
Light Source Size <ul><li>Spotlights vs. Floodlights </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrellas / Bounces </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent b...
 
Light Setups <ul><li>Classic 3 point lighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill </li></ul></ul><ul...
 
Reflectors and Diffusers <ul><li>Use reflector to fill dark areas </li></ul><ul><li>Use reflectors as bounce or rim light ...
 
Guerrilla Lighting <ul><li>On-camera Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bed sheets </li></ul></ul>...
 
Guerrilla Lighting <ul><li>Quartz shop lights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double heads on stand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singl...
Real World Indoor Lighting <ul><li>Supplement existing light </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid windows as backgrounds </li></ul><ul>...
Indoor DIY Lighting <ul><li>An example of a shot using a professional softbox light kit </li></ul><ul><li>Setting a simila...
Indoor DIY Lighting <ul><li>To decrease the harshness of a shoplight, use some diffusion in front of the light, or point t...
Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors <ul><li>Bouncing light into a dark area can give the darker detail more punch. We are mak...
Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors <ul><li>If you don't have a professional reflector, you can bounce light using a piece of...
Resources <ul><li>Videomaker  Presents:  Light it Right </li></ul><ul><li>The Videomaker Handbook  Library:  Placing Shado...
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Light

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Transcript of "Light"

  1. 3. Purpose of Lighting <ul><li>Illuminates subject and background </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a visual design </li></ul>
  2. 5. Good Lighting <ul><li>Defines subject shape/texture </li></ul><ul><li>Flatters subject </li></ul><ul><li>Matches locale </li></ul><ul><li>Sets mood </li></ul>
  3. 7. Controlling Contrast <ul><li>Video doesn’t come close to film when it comes to differences in contrast, not to mention the human eye. </li></ul>
  4. 9. Light Source Size <ul><li>Spotlights vs. Floodlights </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrellas / Bounces </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent banks </li></ul><ul><li>Softboxes </li></ul><ul><li>Practicals </li></ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul>
  5. 11. Light Setups <ul><li>Classic 3 point lighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back </li></ul></ul>
  6. 13. Reflectors and Diffusers <ul><li>Use reflector to fill dark areas </li></ul><ul><li>Use reflectors as bounce or rim light </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusers-soften & spread light as it passes through </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases light intensity </li></ul>
  7. 15. Guerrilla Lighting <ul><li>On-camera Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bed sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any bulk fabric (rip-stop nylon the best) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 17. Guerrilla Lighting <ul><li>Quartz shop lights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Double heads on stand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single head on spring clamp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fluorescents vs. Halogen </li></ul><ul><li>Household lamps </li></ul><ul><li>Reflectors: poster board/tinfoil/sun shields </li></ul>
  9. 18. Real World Indoor Lighting <ul><li>Supplement existing light </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid windows as backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for other backlight problems </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for mixed light </li></ul>
  10. 19. Indoor DIY Lighting <ul><li>An example of a shot using a professional softbox light kit </li></ul><ul><li>Setting a similar shot using paper Chinese lanterns. To help the use of a paper lantern, bring the lantern in closer to the subject than you would a professional light </li></ul>
  11. 20. Indoor DIY Lighting <ul><li>To decrease the harshness of a shoplight, use some diffusion in front of the light, or point the light at a white ceiling or wall and bounce the light from there onto the subject. </li></ul>
  12. 21. Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors <ul><li>Bouncing light into a dark area can give the darker detail more punch. We are making the viewer focus more on the basketball net by reflecting light to it. Compare the Reflector 2 closeup with the Reflector 3 closeup shot. The look is subtle, but the rim of the basketball net has more punch on it, and is pulled away from the background by the use of the reflector. The net in the Reflector 3 shot just blends into the background. </li></ul>
  13. 22. Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors <ul><li>If you don't have a professional reflector, you can bounce light using a piece of firm white poster board, sheet metal, or a board wrapped in crinkled foil. </li></ul>
  14. 23. Resources <ul><li>Videomaker Presents: Light it Right </li></ul><ul><li>The Videomaker Handbook Library: Placing Shadows </li></ul><ul><li>www.videomaker.com </li></ul><ul><li>Painting with Light , John Alton </li></ul>
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