Basic Shooting Techniques Presented by and
Basic Camera Techniques Session presenter: Jennifer O’Rourke, Managing Editor Videomaker Mic and Audio Techniques Session presenter: Charles Fulton, Technical Editor Videomaker Session presenter: Tom Skowronski, Associate Editor Videomaker Lighting Techniques
Question Procedure Throughout this session, you can ask questions on the Google Moderator . The Videomaker team will answer the most popular questions during the last 15 minutes.
If we are not able to answer your question during the webinar, we will post the answers in our Creator’s Corner blog .
So let’s get started...
Basic Camera Techniques
The Seven Deadly Camera Sins Backlighting Good Lighting
The Seven Deadly Camera Sins Upstanding: Bad Angle Good Angle
Framing Your Shots
Head Room Bad Framing Good Framing
Don’t have too much empty space above head
Lead Room Bad Framing Good Framing
Give the subject room to move within the frame of video.
Movement Make it smooth, make it deliberate Dolly - Camera moves in or out
Movement Truck - Camera moves side-to-side Pan - Camera lens moves across scene
Movement Tilt - Camera Lens tilts up to down
Handheld Shooting Tips Tuck your elbows into your sides Cup your elbow or support the bottom of the camera with the other hand.
Tuck the camera into your hip.
Handheld Shooting Tips Lean against a tree, pole or wall
Use a small support device
Handheld Shooting Tips No!
Handheld Shooting Tips Yes!
Glossary Backlighting: Positioning a strong light source behind the talent. Fire-hosing: Irrational and jerky camera movement. Snap-shooting: Excessive cutting without rhythm or specific purpose.
Head-hunting: A close-up shot, showing only the talent’s head.
Glossary Continued Upstanding: An extreme high angle shot of the talent. Constant Zooming: Excessive zooming in and out.
Jogging: Excessive camera shaking while moving.
Resources Videomaker Presents: Basic Shooting DVD The Videomaker Guide to Video Production www.Videomaker.com: Production Techniques Forum
www. YouTube .com/videomaker
Mic and Audio Techniques
Being a Good Listener
Balance and Impedance (signal considerations)
Qualities: Pickup Pattern
Cost, loss of power, AC-RF interference
Qualities: Frequency Response
Qualities: Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Don’t rely on “fixing it in post”
Resources Videomaker Presents: Sound Success DVD The Videomaker Guide to Video Production www.videomaker.com: Online microphone buyer’s guide
www. YouTube .com/ videomaker
Purpose of Lighting
Illuminates subject and background
Defines subject shape/texture
Light Source Size
Spotlights vs. Floodlights
Guerrilla Lighting Reflectors: poster board/tin foil/sun shields
Any bulk fabric (rip-stop nylon the best)
Real World Indoor Lighting Supplement existing light Avoid windows as backgrounds
Watch for other backlight problems
Indoor DIY Lighting An example of a shot using a professional softbox light kit.
Setting a similar shot using paper Chinese lanterns. To help the use of a paper lantern, bring the lantern in closer to the subject than you would a professional light.
Indoor DIY Lighting
To decrease the harshness of a shop-light, use some diffusion in front of the light, or point the light at a white ceiling or wall and bounce the light from there onto the subject.
Reflectors and Diffusers Use reflector to fill dark areas Use reflectors as bounce or rim light Diffusers-soften & spread light as it passes through
Decreases light intensity
Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors With Reflector Without Reflector
Bouncing light into a dark area can give the darker detail more punch. We are making the viewer focus more on the basketball net by reflecting light to it. Compare the Reflector 2 close-up with the Reflector 3 close-up shot. The look is subtle, but the rim of the basketball net has more punch on it, and is pulled away from the background by the use of the reflector. The net in the Reflector 3 shot just blends into the background.
Outdoor Lighting: Use Reflectors Poster Board Sheet Metal
If you don't have a professional reflector, you can bounce light using a piece of firm white poster board, sheet metal, or a board wrapped in crinkled foil.
Resources Videomaker Presents: Light it Right Painting with Light, John Alton
www. YouTube .com/ videomaker