What is Art chapter1


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What is Art chapter1

  1. 1. Understanding Art Chapter 1 What is Art?
  2. 2. Art Creates Beauty <ul><li>Art adds beauty to our lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Often, the artist imitates nature because he respects it as the standard of beauty. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, the artist intends to improve upon nature and develop an alternate standard—an idealized form. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Art Creates Beauty <ul><li>Standards of beauty are not universal, though. </li></ul><ul><li>So obsessed were the Classical Greeks with their concept of beauty that they fashioned mathematical formulas to render the human body in sculpture. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Art Creates Beauty <ul><li>In perhaps the most famous painting of Western art, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa has enchanted her viewer. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Art Creates Beauty <ul><li>In some non-Western cultures, however, the standard of beauty considers scarification, body painting, tattooing, and adornment as beautiful and sacred. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Art Enhances Our Environment <ul><li>For centuries, works of art have been used to create pleasing environments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paintings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sculptures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mosaics </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Art Reveals Truth <ul><li>Artists pursue truth and attempt to reveal what they discover. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The truth about how the world looks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The truth about how the world works </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Art Reveals Truth <ul><li>In their search for truth, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>artists often reach outward to describe truths about humanity; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>artists reach inward to describe truths about themselves. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Art Reveals Truth <ul><li>Sometimes their pursuit leads them to beauty. </li></ul><ul><li>The truth that is pleasing provides a valid commentary on the human condition. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Art Reveals Truth <ul><li>At other times, however, artists respond with shame and outrage to what they find. </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, the “ugly truth” also provides insight about the human experience. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Art Reveals Truth <ul><li>Figure 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Portrait with Monkey </li></ul>
  12. 12. Art Immortalizes <ul><li>Conscious of their immortality, humans use art to overcome the limits of this life. </li></ul><ul><li>To “preserve” the individual for later generations, artists create works that capture a recognizable likeness of a person. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Art Expresses Religious Beliefs <ul><li>Without physical embodiments for their deities, humans have developed art forms to visually represent them. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some deities take human form. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some deities are powerful and mysterious animals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some deities blend both as composite men-beasts. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Art Expresses Fantasy <ul><li>Through their works, artists can express their fantasies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dreams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daydreams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imaginary objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imaginary landscapes </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Art Stimulates the Intellect and Fires the Emotions <ul><li>Art has the power to make us think profoundly, to make us feel deeply. </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful or controversial works can trigger many associations within us. </li></ul><ul><li>It is virtually impossible to genuinely confront a work and remain unaffected. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Art Creates Order and Harmony <ul><li>Artists are intrigued by and seek to discover and describe the underlying order of nature. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Art Creates Order and Harmony <ul><li>In some instances, an artist uses composition to imposes order on the disparate content of a work. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Art Expresses Chaos <ul><li>Order and harmony presume the existence of chaos. </li></ul><ul><li>Artists portray chaos in many ways, finding analogies in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Famine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural catastrophe </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Art Records and Commemorates Experience <ul><li>Art records and communicates experiences and events. </li></ul><ul><li>Art can also convey personal experiences in ways that words cannot capture. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Art Reflects the Social and Cultural Context <ul><li>Artists record the activities and objects of their times and places. </li></ul><ul><li>They reflect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fashions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sciences </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Art Protests Injustice and Raises Social Consciousness <ul><li>Artists oppose injustice. </li></ul><ul><li>Artists seek to persuade others to adopt their views. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Art Elevates the Commonplace <ul><li>Artists enhance the status of common items to make them acceptable in the realm of art. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Readymades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assemblages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop art </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Art Meets the Needs of the Artist <ul><li>Many artists seek novelty, exploration, and understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>They also seek to express themselves through art, beauty, and order. </li></ul><ul><li>Art allows the artist to earn a living and fulfill his needs. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Questions to Consider <ul><li>What factors do consider responsible for man’s need to create religious art? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it possible for order may pose a threat to harmony and psychological well-being? Identify two works that illustrate this. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you consider it preferable to record an event or an experience from an objective point of view or from a non-objective point of view? Is it possible for an artist to create a work of art that is completely objective? </li></ul><ul><li>If art can bring about change for the better, can it also be used to create change for the worse? Cite two examples. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Related Websites <ul><li>National Museum of Women in the Arts: Frida Kahlo </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nmwa.org/collection/profile.asp?LinkID=471 </li></ul><ul><li>The Andy Warhol Museum </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.warhol.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Hagia Sophia </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.patriarchate.org/ecumenical_patriarchate/chapter_4/html/hagia_sophia.html </li></ul><ul><li>WebMuseum, Paris: Edward Hopper </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/hopper/ </li></ul><ul><li>Marcel Duchamp World Community </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.marcelduchamp.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>WebMuseum, Paris: Eugène Delacroix </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/delacroix/ </li></ul><ul><li>Hood Museum of Art: Epic of American Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.dartmouth.edu/~hood/collections/orozco-murals.html </li></ul>