Advanced Patent Searching


Published on

• Types of Searches
• Available Search Engines
• The Process of Searching

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Advanced Patent Searching

  1. 1. Advanced Patent Searching Frisina, LLCCreating Wealth Through Intellectual Property TM Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  2. 2. Introduction Representative Sectors Our mission is to create wealth for our clients through the • Chemicals strategic use of intellectual property. • Polymers • Pharmaceuticals We understand the challenges facing businesses in todays • Biotechnology economic environment, and strive to secure and monetize our • Biomedical clients’ intellectual assets. With nearly 15 years in innovation • Medical Imaging combined as a patent attorney and scientist, I am uniquely • Advanced Materials positioned to guide clients through the legal maze of intellectual • Nanotechnology property strategy facing start-ups and more established ventures.453 South High Street Suite 302 • Semiconductors Akron, OH 44311 • Medical Instruments In addition to legal expertise and an unimpeachable commitment (330)338-0589 direct • Medical Tests to quality, we offer our clients unparalleled value and • Liquid Crystals Particularly, we have strategically invested in state-of-the-art • Power Generation practice and intellectual property (IP) portfolio management • Fuel Cells systems. These systems enable us to intelligently analyze • Software clients’ IP holdings and suggest tactics to exploit strengths, • Internet Law identify and shore-up weaknesses, and generate income. • Business Methods Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  3. 3. Contents• Types of Searches• Available Search Engines• The Process of Searching Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  4. 4. Types of Searches Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  5. 5. Search Types• Novelty – a/k/a Patent Availability or Patentability• Collection – a/k/a State of The Art• Freedom to Operate – a/k/a Freedom to Practice, or Product Clearance• Validity/Invalidity Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  6. 6. Novelty Searches•Purpose: Searching a specific invention to determine whether it is novel•Search Scope: • World-wide live/expired patents and applications • Non patent literature•Document Review Scope: • The entire document Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  7. 7. Collection Searches•Purpose: Survey of an area of technology • Not a search of a specific invention • Determining the patent landscape of a given space • Identifying a niche ripe for innovation•Search Scope: • world-wide live/expired patents and applications•Document Review Scope: • The entire document Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  8. 8. Freedom to Operate Searches•Purpose: Searching for patents that you may infringe•Search Scope: • Live patents and applications in a selected jurisdiction•Document Review Scope: • centers around the claims • construction and infringement analysis Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  9. 9. Invalidity Searches•Purpose: Searching for art to invalidate the patent of another•Search Scope: • World-wide patents and applications having priority dates prior to the patent at issue•Document Review Scope: • The entire document is relevant • Searching for novelty and obviousness issues Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  10. 10. Available Search Engines Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  11. 11. Available Search Engines• Free Services – USPTO (PatFT and AppFT databases) • Limited to US documents – Google Patents • Limited to US documents – Free Patents Online ( • US, WIPO, EPO, Japanese abstracts, non-patent literature Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  12. 12. Available Search Engines• Limitations – Coverage • Holdings may be limited • May or may not be published – Data mining • Information about you may be sold Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  13. 13. Available Search Engines• Subscription Services $5-50K per year Company Product Thomson-Reuters Aureka Gridlogics Patent Insight Pro ScioSphere ScioSphere Thomson-Reuters Thomson Data Analyzer LexisNexis TotalPatent TreParel KMX Patent Analytics Search Technology VantagePoint Thomson-Reuters Delphion Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  14. 14. The Process of Searching Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  15. 15. The Process of Novelty Searching• Define the invention – Be specific – Establish the necessary elements• Establish International Classifications – Use – US classifications are not generally useful Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  16. 16. The Process of Novelty Searching• Formulate search strings – Keyword search with IC’s – Use keywords very cautiously• Review the relevant art – Note keyword hits in context – Review close art in detail Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  17. 17. The Process of Novelty Searching• Refine search strings – Adjust keywords and IC’s based on reviewed art – This process of review and refinement repeats until you are confident with the results• Search specific elements of the invention – Disparate art can be combined by examiners Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  18. 18. The Process of Novelty Searching Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  19. 19. The Process of Novelty Searching• String Construction (novelty search) – Identifying relevant IC’s • Use keywords and use the WIPO manual – Isolate individual elements of the invention • Use IC’s, and identify the most relevant keywords • Use wildcards, proximity searching, and stemming functions • Define the string broadly – Combine strings of isolated elements • A combination of each element is a search of the entire invention Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC
  20. 20. Thank YouFor Further Information Newsletters IP Owl Blog Slide Shows Contact Me (330)338-0589 Direct Copyright © 2007-2011 Frisina, LLC