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Autodesk Univeristy 2009 Presentaiton: BIM Means Business

Autodesk Univeristy 2009 Presentaiton: BIM Means Business

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  • 1. BIM Means Business! James McKenzie Principal-BIM Centric Consulting Scott Johnson (assistant) Autodesk AEC Sales
  • 2. Introduction and Expectations
  • 3. Key Business Drivers for BIM Adoption by Builders Productivity Risk Waste BIM Leadership
  • 4. Reasons for Contractor & CM Leadership in BIM Adoption  Risk  Waste  Improve Productivity  Quality  Communication  Construction Engineering  Coordination  Improved Accuracy  Industry Image  Profitability
  • 5. BIM Promotes Project Understanding Through Improved Communication Field 3D Understanding Planning Operations Visualization Efficiency
  • 6. BIM Value Production’s Link to Profitability Value & Shared BIM Increased Increased Knowledge Profitability Efficiency Reduced Increased More sales Unit Costs Profitability
  • 7. Risk Impacts Productivity Project Performance Risk Cost Structure Financing
  • 8. Where is Your Risk Coming From ? Weather Hazards Supply chain Economic Labor unions growth Regulation Labor supply Risk Site Technology Conditions Material Management escalation skills Local Market construction familiarity methods
  • 9. BIM Early Adopters (examples)  Thought Leaders  Made financial investment in process change, technology and human resources  Pushing the state-of-the art  Industry leadership  Proactive use of BIM  Integrated & collaborative  Executive buy In  All desire change in the industry-move from waste to value !
  • 10. “Transcending the BIM Hype” by Eric Lamb, Dean Reed, Atul Khanzode-DPR Construction  “The rapid adoption of BIM technology bears some resemblance to the heady days of the dot-com boom”.  BIM benefits are achievable but require a shift in in traditional project delivery methods.  “Simply integrating BIM into an existing workflow will not produce chart-topping returns on investment”  “Unless the process for project delivery is fundamentally changed and unnecessary steps eliminated, added Gartner Inc.'s Hype Cycle costs, delays, and the potential for errors will still exist.”  “To move beyond …. “low hanging fruit” of visualizing design intent and seeing conflicts, we must continue to develop and build upon best practices”
  • 11. BIM Processes It’s All About Process Reduce the steps, reduce the time, increase the return Current Process = Time and Cost / Tasks Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Task 5 Task 6 Task 7 Task 8  Eliminate tasks New Process = Time and Money / Steps  Reduce cycle times  Streamline processes  Increase productivity Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Task 5  Decrease costs  Time and Money Savings = N Optimized Process x N Projects
  • 12. Proper Understanding and Usage of BIM Requires an Understanding of the Relationship Between Process, Task & Tool Tool Process Task
  • 13. Go From Archaic to Lean  Do not automate a bad process  Focus on value  Understand you business environment  Understand you business systems  Understand your cross- functional relationships  Do not just focus on a few tasks look at the entire enterprise
  • 14. Dynamic Nature of BIM Model Components Data Exchange Analysis Roles & Model types Responsibilities Communication Planning Design Construction Operations
  • 15. BIM Usage Spectrum by Project Delivery Method Integrated Project CM at Risk/ Delivery GMAX Contract Design/Build Integrated practice starts here Design- Bid-Build
  • 16. Design-Bid-Build Submit bids and select low bidder & start trade contract Design Intent buy out Modeling-no design assist by builder Pre Design Design Bid Construction Estimating Construction Modeling Shop Drawings Coordination Order materials & Equipment
  • 17. Design/Build Owner no longer involved in design decisions & D/B team takes over liability of design and construction. Construction Modeling Select Pre Design Design “Bridging Design- Design Construction Construction Documents” Build Development Documents Team Estimating Pre-purchase materials & equipment Buy out trade contractors Planning & coordination Constructability reviews
  • 18. Construction Management at Risk with GMAX Trade Contract Select GC & Buyout & GMP Key Subs Establishment Design Intent Modeling w. Builder’s Design Assist Schematic Design Construction Pre Design Construction Design Development Documents Construction & Fabrication Modeling Pre Construction Services Phase: •Design Assist •Estimating •Planning & Coordination •Scheduling •Pre-purchase materials & equipment
  • 19. Integrated Project Delivery Core Collaboration Team established w. shared risk/reward (owner, architect, engineers, GC, trade contractors, vendors, etc.) & Target Goals Conceptualization Criteria Design Detailed Implementation Trade Contract Construction Design Documents Buyout Continuous Estimating Continuous Value Production Results Based Compensation Continuous Coordination Continuous Shared Model Creation
  • 20. Phoenix Children’s Hospital Project-Summary  $588 million dollar expansion project  PCP leader in pediatric healthcare  Building Image and performance are critical success factors  11 story tower, central plant, 4 parking structures, ambulatory care unit, extensive parks & landscaping & main boulevard  CM at Risk w. GMAX allowed for BIM usage, design assist and collaboration
  • 21. Phoenix Children’s Hospital Project-Needs Assessment  Complex architecture & building systems  Extensive utility coordination  Multi-building, multi-building type construction  Structural Steel escalation  Complex phasing  Hospital must stay in operation  Patient health a priority  Site logistics:  Parking  Lack of material storage space  Tight site conditions
  • 22. Phoenix Children’s Hospital Project-BIM Solution Using Revit & NavisWorks  4D sequencing of complex phases  4D sequencing of structural steel erection  3D modeling of underground utilities  Configure design intent model into a construction model  Site logistics plan  Collaboration system  Export 3D model x, y, z coordinates for layout  Coordination & clash detection of composite model
  • 23. Phoenix Children’s Hospital Project-BIM Usage Results:  4D scheduling-phasing = $3 million savings  3D modeling-Underground Utilities =no conflicts  3D Modeling & 4D sequencing of Structural steel = $1m in savings  Pre purchase of steel=$2m in savings  ID of CPM logic bust=45 days in schedule savings
  • 24. IPD Project Example-Sutter Health Medical Center Castro Valley, CA  IPD Delivery-Owner mandated  $320 million target cost  Resource driven schedule- 2013  OHPD approval required  Complex phased construction  Validation studies used  Emphasis on creating information once  Emphasis on off-site fabrication of building components
  • 25. BIM Implementation  Enterprise Level Implementation People  Planning Points  Business Process Engineering Infrastructure  Project Level Implementation Process/tools
  • 26. BIM Implementation Workflow-Enterprise Level The Deal Breaker Enterprise Business Solution Value Deployment Executive Buy BIM Process & Tool Needs Process Proposition Estimate BIM Plan In Understanding Selection Pilot Project Assessment Engineering
  • 27. Barriers to BIM Adoption  Investment costs  Project manager education  Executive Buy-in  Cultural change (see Machiavelli)  Technical training  Talent acquisition
  • 28. BIM Implementers- Take Political Advice from Niccolo Machiavelli “ There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things.” From The Prince
  • 29. Key BIM Implementation Planning Points  Perform risk assessment  Align business goals with BIM process and technology  Develop a company culture of collaboration  Assess staff capabilities to adopt BIM processes & technology
  • 30. Key BIM Implementation Planning Points  Assess IT capabilities  Assess BIM capabilities of key trade contractors, vendors and consultants and leverage their knowledge  Investigate & understand BIM business and contractual relationships
  • 31. BIM Implementation-Business Process Engineering Mission Decisions Information Technology • Define • Execute • Consider • Deploy • Accomplish • Guide • Support • Processes
  • 32. BIM Implementation-Business Process Engineering  Business Process Mapping  Project Management Identify Assessment Processes  Business Process Improvement Test & Review, Update  Project Data Evaluation Implement To- Analyze As-Is Be Design To-Be
  • 33. Business Process Mapping  Capture & validate the process  Document process metrics  Gain understanding of business process works  Focus on areas that need improvement  Develop an action plan
  • 34. Business Process Improvement  Review cross-functional & departmental processes & responsibilities  Compare enterprise goals to current processes  Review business processes across the enterprise  Design new BIM processes that can be implemented across the enterprise
  • 35. Project Management Assessment  Why ? = establish current capabilities  Develop clear understanding of project scope & objectives  Review project expectations & success metrics  Review scope changes, delays & cost overruns from previous projects  High-performance team guidance Photo: New York Public Library
  • 36. Project Data Evaluation  How is data entered ?  Does data sit in a silo ?  Analyze where there are data “overlaps”  Examine what data is not electronic & whether it can digitized  Where is data stored ? Multiple locations ?  Evaluate how data is transmitted and in what format
  • 37. BIM Project Implementation Project Needs Assessment Project Project Business Team Goals Capabilities BIM Solution Implementation
  • 38. BIM Project Execution • Determine project BIM business value (not just because its cool !) Identify BIM • Identify BIM goals and uses based on best industry practices Goals • Develop process for BIM supported tasks Design BIM Project Execution • Develop process for BIM information exchanges Process • Develop information content Develop • Level of detail Information Exchanges • Responsible party • Define project infrastructure needed to support BIM project processes Define Supporting Infrastructure Reference: The Computer Integrated Construction Research Group
  • 39. BIM Project Implementation Options Pilot Project- highest risk and Shadow investment Method-no but has risk but greatest higher potential Forensic investment rewards Method-no costs, risk/requires redundancy modest investment
  • 40. BIM Pilot Project-Look for an Opportunity Standards Develop Infrastructure Processes Pilot Project
  • 41. BIM “Shadow” Project Traditional Planning, Scheduling, Coordination, 2D CAD Drawings Estimating, etc. Traditional Processes Project (team one) Virtual Construction, 4D 3D Models from CAD Sequencing, Coordination, Drawings 5D Estimating, etc. Same Project But With BIM Processes (team two)
  • 42. Forensic Project-Investigative Research Method  Use completed project with “known” data  Compare as-built to as- designed data  Compare Shop drawings to as-designed data  Review change orders, project delays & RFIs  Determine if using BIM processes could have identified project issues
  • 43. BIM Implementation-Project Level Needs Assessment  Uniform understanding of what needs assessment is  Establish a needs assessment model & format  Determine data gathering methods  Determine data analysis method
  • 44. BIM Implementation-Project Level Needs Assessment  Link project risks or project performance needs to project business strategy  Identify knowledge skills and abilities needed for project team members to perform their tasks  Identify where the “knowledge gaps” are of project team members
  • 45. BIM Implementation-Project Level Needs Assessment  Identify and develop training programs for project team members that enable performance  Write needs assessment report  Adjust needs assessment as new issues develop
  • 46. Model Planning & Coordination  Best Practices  Modeling Specification
  • 47. Model Planning Best Practices  Manage the model progression data by phase (SD, DD, CD, etc.)  Clearly establish & communicate the model level of detail and accuracy  Establish model QA/QC process  Make sure 2D CAD data is integrated or linked into the 3D model
  • 48. BIM Model Management Answers the Questions  Who ?  What ?  When ?  Where ?  Why ?  How ?
  • 49. Modeling Level of Detail-Find the Right Balance Too Much detail • Wasted modeling time • Burden to infrastructure resources No Enough Detail • Insufficient data • Prevents understanding of scope
  • 50. Model Level of Detail Range Fabrication/Shop Drawing-level of detail needed by subcontractors Design for fabrication Development- and installation Quantities can be extracted but not enough detail to build from Conceptual Level- Conceptual estimating value only
  • 51. Best Practices for Contractors Using Revit & NavisWorks
  • 52. Construction Modeling in Revit-Best Practices  Develop solid workflow that allows updates to the design intent model  Download revised design intent model into builder’s construction model server  Use design review feature  Use Revit linked model Coordination Review Tool
  • 53. Construction Modeling in Revit-Best Practices  Construction model is considered a different type of model from the design intent model  Use Revit Link” command to join construction model to design intent model  Construction model contains data vital to a builder  Be careful of accidental editing, moving or deleting of design intent model elements
  • 54. Revit Design Intent to Construction Model Procedure  Check work sets  Apply shared coordinates  Create & import needed gridlines  Create & import needed match lines
  • 55. Revit Design Intent to Revit Construction Model Procedure  Create & import building origin point  Divide the model into quadrants  When making modifications to model check the following:  Ceiling heights  Work sets  Partition Types
  • 56. Revit Construction Modeling Options  Tracing of 2D CAD paper drawings  Convert design intent 2D CAD electronic file into a Revit 3D model  Convert 3D Revit design intent model into a construction model (use Revit linking feature)  Create a 3D construction model from scratch
  • 57. Linking Revit Models  Linking prevents architect’s design intent elements from being altered  Linking allows contractor to add to architect’s design intent model without modifying it  Use Coordination Review tool for alerts to updates to lined models  Linking gives the contractor information vital to their work (e.g., gridlines, origins, clearances, alignments, etc.)
  • 58. Revit Object Planning for 4D Sequencing & 5D QTO
  • 59. Revit Model Use in Construction Field Operations  Surveying  Building Layout  Elevation Establishment  Clearance checking  Virtual Mock ups  QA/QC  Trade sequencing  Fabrication  Site logistics & Planning
  • 60. What to Model Example-Complex Structural System/Exterior Skin  Stadiums  Large Terminal Buildings  Complex Geometry High Rise Offices (e.g., Freedom Tower)  Non-conventional design
  • 61. What to Model-MEP&FP (examples)  High pressure ducts  Medium pressure ducts  VAV boxes  Shaft locations  Fire Smoke Dampers  Flex duct  Hanger Seismic Bracing  HVAC piping Rooftop equipment  Light fixtures  Branch & feeder conduit
  • 62. Above Ceiling Equipment Access Areas  Valve access  VAV Boxes  Fire Smoke dampers  Electrical pull boxes  Access hatches  Transformers  Pumps  Catwalks
  • 63. Construction Logistics & Site Planning  Locate existing utilities in relationship to new work  Deep excavation entry/exit ramps  Deep excavation shoring  Access roads  Material storage & staging areas  Crew parking  Site offices  Temp utilities  Concrete truck wash out
  • 64. Virtual Mock Ups, Assembly & Coordination Drawings Using Revit  Critical dimensions & elevations  Embedded items  Various needed views (2D & 3D)  Important notes  Blockouts  Sleeves
  • 65. Revit Concrete Lift Drawing Developed Using Views and Sheets Commands
  • 66. Revit Concrete Lift Drawing Developed Using Views and Sheets Commands
  • 67. Concrete Pour Sequence
  • 68. Virtual Mock UP Used for Coordination & Constructability •Revit model help visually identify conflict between steel beam and concrete core wall. Result: RFI issued for resolution.
  • 69. Steel Reinforcement Modeling
  • 70. Structural Steel Modeling  Connection details  Erection sequencing  Closely linked to Fabrication  Pre-ordering due to long lead time  Assembly drawings  Material storage & handling  Crane study & analysis  Coordination with MEP/FP models  Coordinate with other structural systems & misc. metals (e.g., stairs, hand rails, etc.)
  • 71. Site Logistics 3D Modeling  Shoring systems  Tiebacks  Dewatering Systems  Guy Wires  Tower Crane Pad  Slurry Walls  Concrete Pump Booms  Scaffolding
  • 72. Shoring System Tiebacks & Interface with UG Utilities
  • 73. Site Logistics Example: Tower Crane Study & Analysis
  • 74. Site Logistics: Mobile Crane Study & Analysis
  • 75. Tower Crane Foundation & Interface With Shoring System Tiebacks
  • 76. Revit Site Logistics Example  Show tie-in to existing buildings  Access maintenance points for existing & construction operations
  • 77. Coordination
  • 78. BIM RFI-Part of Coordination
  • 79. MEP Coordination-The “Low Hanging Fruit”- Best Practices  Use structural & architectural model as starting point  Do not forget misc. steel  Allocate spaces (zones) to the various trades  Locate hard constraints  Develop logical sequence of systems (e.g., duct, gravity piping, sprinklers mains, fixtures, etc.)  Save smaller conduit, flex duct and piping for last
  • 80. Collaborative Coordination Example: The Cloud Soffits
  • 81. Collaborative Coordination Example: Plumbing Wall
  • 82. Collaborative Coordination Example: Metal Stud Walls 6” Studs 2 ½” Studs
  • 83. Collaborative Coordination Example: Skin/slab Interface #1
  • 84. Constructability Review  Determines whether a design can be built or not  Determines how a design will be built  Design impact to cost & schedule  “Big Room” -take advantage of high interactive technology  Co-located or multi-located team  Manage comments, responsibility & resolution
  • 85. Constructability Review-Elevation-by-Elevation
  • 86. Constructability Review-Level-by-Level
  • 87. Constructability Review-Room-by-Room
  • 88. Use Revit for Scaffold Planning
  • 89. Laser Scanning  Export into Revit, AutoCAD or NavisWorks  Design validation  QC: compare as-built to Model  Scan existing architectural features and MEP systems  Coordinate new with existing systems
  • 90. Underground Utility Coordination
  • 91. Model Underground Utilities  Import topographic data from Civil 3D into Revit MEP  Import underground survey data  Model utilities and other possible obstructions  Tie-in to existing utilities  Check lines that depend on grade (gravity flow)
  • 92. Civil & Site Work Models  Cut & Fill Volumes/Tables  Export topographic information from Civil 3D into Revit  Locate building model (Revit) into Civil 3D (site) model  Use Civil 3D survey data (x, y, z) for automated grading operations (saves fuel & rework !)  Roads, curbs, gutters & other key site features  Import Geospatial data: soil types, terrain models, etc.
  • 93. Vendor Supplied Models-Unistrut Metal Framing System
  • 94. Revit-Add Grids Where Needed to Help Locate
  • 95. 5D Estimating & Quantity Extraction from a Revit Model  Extensive planning needed  Focus on using expertise not tedious manual take offs  Estimating assemblies  Quantity extraction best practices  Key processes by phase (traditional delivery)  Key processes using Integrated delivery
  • 96. 5D Estimating & Quantity Extraction from a Revit Model
  • 97. 5D Quantity Extraction Best Practices  Visualizing-use graphics quality that allows ability to see what’s in the model  Add needed details  Use selective viewing  Interpret model component information  Account for 2D data
  • 98. Advanced Visualization Video Revit 3D Max Player
  • 99. NavisWorks Best Practices for Construction  4D scheduling & sequencing  Composite Modeling  Clash detection  Visualization for constructability and coordination  Site Logistics
  • 100. 4D Sequencing-Best Practices  Use for team members not familiar with CPM scheduling  3D Revit model (not a 3D CAD) must be linked to CPM  Revit model objects should match CPM activities  Use 4D for project compression, communication & coordination of complex portions of project (phasing)
  • 101. 4D Sequencing-Best Practices  Use to find schedule “logic” busts  Use to verify constructability (e.g., formwork sequencing)  Verify material or equipment workflow, access & hoisting  Use holistic approach-don’t just link two disjointed data sets  Use as 90 “look ahead” schedules  Avoid “abstract logic relationships (e.g., SS, FF,)
  • 102. Composite Modeling-Best Practices  Use to Merge various file formats together  Know file formats in advance (part of model planning process)  Understand differences between NWD, NWF & NWC  Create NWC files automatically from applications (e.g., Revit, Tekla, AutoCAD, Microstation, etc,)  Create master NWF project file  Use NWD format for file sharing
  • 103. Clash Detection-Best Practices  Develop workflow for clash detection that address:  How clashes are found  What type the are  How they are tracked  How they are resolved  Large amount of clashes  Separate false clashes prior to assigning responsibility  Be methodical in determining what type of clash test are needed  Clash data can be exported via XML
  • 104. Visualization for Constructability & Coordination-Best Practices  Manage session data  Use dimensioning feature for checking clearances  Use Viewpoints to enhance user experience & understanding of viewing a 3D model
  • 105. Additional BIM Business Factors Concerning Contractor and Construction Managers  Collaboration System  BIM as a competitive advantage  Legal Considerations  Emerging BIM Roles  BIM Talent Acquisition  The BIM prophecies
  • 106. Collaboration System for BIM Data Design Models Visualization Construction data models BIM Constructability review Data Composite Models Clash data 4D schedules
  • 107. BIM as a Competitive Advantage-Are You on Offense or Defense ?  Demonstrating a contractor’s capability using 2D methods is difficult  Understand you client’s business environment  Understand project needs  Demonstrate how the entire enterprise functions not just individual tasks  Ability to produce value MoJo Photos
  • 108. Legal Considerations  Responsibility between architect & contractor is changing  Sharing BIM data  Software “bugs”  Deliverables ?  BIM contract language needed  Building codes & BIM  Public contracting codes & BIM
  • 109. Emerging BIM Roles & Careers Paths  Director/Manager of Virtual Construction  BIM Coordinator  3D Modeler  BIM Integrator
  • 110. BIM Talent Acquisition  Shortage of BIM talent  Traditional talent acquisition is no longer effective in a BIM environment  Develop well-crafted acquisition strategy  Link acquisition strategy to business strategy & objectives  BIM talent cares about development, deployment & connection  Avoid panic hiring
  • 111. Future Outlook & The BIM Prophecies
  • 112. What the Prophets Are Saying: Barry Lepatner, Author and Construction Attorney “The change that lies just ahead will threaten long- established firms, careers and institutions. No one can hide from it.” From: Broken Buildings, Busted Budgets-How to Fix America’s Trillion- Dollar Construction Industry
  • 113. What the Prophets Are Saying: Alvin Toffler, Author & Futurist “the capture of integrated knowledge in an organized way should drive planning.” From Future Shock
  • 114. What the Prophets Are Saying: Thomas Friedman-Pulitzer Price Winning Columnist NY Times “…the impending use of the latest technology, global implementation of new materials and building systems, and long overdue research and capital investment will radically alter construction in the next ten to twenty years.”
  • 115. What the Prophets Are Saying: C. Eastman, P. Teicholz, R. Sacks & K. Liston-AEC Industry Scholars “ …the next five years …. will see the transition of BIM from an early adoption technology to accepted mainstream practice ….the greatest impact will be on the individual practitioner, who will need to learn to work, design, engineer, or build with BIM.” From: BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling
  • 116. What the Prophets Are Saying: Barry Lepatner, Author and Construction Attorney “This situation will not last, for the costs have finally become too high. Change will come, mandated by law or the marketplace. It will threaten some. To others it will offer only opportunity.” From: Broken Buildings, Busted Budgets-How to Fix America’s Trillion- Dollar Construction Industry
  • 117. Conclusion & Summary
  • 118. THANK YOU