Ukraine: the power of people  vs  the power of government <ul><li>by Daria Kaleniuk </li></ul><ul><li>12 th  August 2010 <...
Kharkiv   the second biggest city in the country   May – 2 nd  June 2010 <ul><li>Local government builds the road destroyi...
Kharkiv 2 nd  June 2010 <ul><li>Demonstration in front of the local government building </li></ul>
Punishment <ul><li>Against people </li></ul><ul><li>Several people had to pay fine for convicting  misdemeanors (didn’t fo...
????  3  main questions  ???? <ul><li>1. What would people do in the USA? </li></ul><ul><li>- file the suits </li></ul><ul...
Someone likes courts! <ul><li>Oksana Nesterenko ,  </li></ul><ul><li>-  the tutor of Constitutional Law in National Law Ac...
Oksana’s case: Access to governmental information,  substantive law <ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></...
Steps for procedure <ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Written Request for Information – Denial </li></ul><ul><li>Written r...
Jurisdictional differences <ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Subject-matter jurisdiction: specialized courts for the suits...
Ukraine: Step 3 <ul><li>3….Want to appeal? </li></ul><ul><li>Receive the protocol of conducting misdemeanor for contempt o...
Trial against plaintiff <ul><li>In the same court </li></ul><ul><li>Case heard by another judge </li></ul><ul><li>Media he...
The court creates precedent <ul><li>In Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>To punish plaintiffs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Contempt of cour...
Trial against plaintiff <ul><li>Appeal in Ukraine– lose </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Human Rights  - decisions are ...
Access to information case <ul><li>Appeal – lose </li></ul><ul><li>Now case is in the Higher Administrative Court – the  3...
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Ukraine: the power of people vs power of government

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On the example of recent scandal in Kharkiv and one recent legal case I'm trying to give the answer on the question: what can people do in Ukraine if government violates law? Meanwhile I'm trying to compare issues with the USA legal system.

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Ukraine: the power of people vs power of government

  1. 1. Ukraine: the power of people vs the power of government <ul><li>by Daria Kaleniuk </li></ul><ul><li>12 th August 2010 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Kharkiv the second biggest city in the country May – 2 nd June 2010 <ul><li>Local government builds the road destroying the central city park (Gorkyi Park)… </li></ul><ul><li>illegally… </li></ul><ul><li>against the will of the people </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kharkiv 2 nd June 2010 <ul><li>Demonstration in front of the local government building </li></ul>
  4. 4. Punishment <ul><li>Against people </li></ul><ul><li>Several people had to pay fine for convicting misdemeanors (didn’t follow the police order) </li></ul><ul><li>Two park defenders were sent to the jail for 15 days </li></ul>Against government Any
  5. 5. ???? 3 main questions ???? <ul><li>1. What would people do in the USA? </li></ul><ul><li>- file the suits </li></ul><ul><li>2. Why Kharkiv local government doesn’t afraid to act illegally? </li></ul><ul><li>- people have limited access to governmental information </li></ul><ul><li>- people have limited access to fair justice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3. So why Ukrainians don’t like courts? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Someone likes courts! <ul><li>Oksana Nesterenko , </li></ul><ul><li>- the tutor of Constitutional Law in National Law Academy of Ukraine; </li></ul><ul><li>expert of the Access to Information; </li></ul><ul><li>member of Kharkiv Human Rights Protection group; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Oksana’s case: Access to governmental information, substantive law <ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Article 34, includes 7 exceptions </li></ul><ul><li>2. Act about information </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bill of Act about access to information </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment 1 </li></ul><ul><li>2. The Freedom of Information Act </li></ul><ul><li>3. Supreme Court decisions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Steps for procedure <ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Written Request for Information – Denial </li></ul><ul><li>Written request to the higher authority </li></ul><ul><li>2. File a Suit </li></ul><ul><li>3…. </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in e-form </li></ul><ul><li>Receive the Answer </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jurisdictional differences <ul><li>Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>Subject-matter jurisdiction: specialized courts for the suits against government “Administrative” </li></ul><ul><li>Presumption of guilty </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>No specialized courts </li></ul><ul><li>“ a party who seeks to have a restraint upheld thus carries a heavy burden of showing justification for the imposition of such a restraint .” </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times Co. v. United States, 403 U.S. 713    </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ukraine: Step 3 <ul><li>3….Want to appeal? </li></ul><ul><li>Receive the protocol of conducting misdemeanor for contempt of court ! </li></ul><ul><li>Go to jail for 15 days… </li></ul><ul><li>Is it possible in USA? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trial against plaintiff <ul><li>In the same court </li></ul><ul><li>Case heard by another judge </li></ul><ul><li>Media helped to avoid jail </li></ul><ul><li>Decision: guilty. Punishment - fine. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The court creates precedent <ul><li>In Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>To punish plaintiffs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Contempt of court” – judges in Kharkiv use this tool for punishing plaintiffs and keeping people in fear. </li></ul><ul><li>In USA </li></ul><ul><li>To make the rule under the Constitution </li></ul>
  13. 13. Trial against plaintiff <ul><li>Appeal in Ukraine– lose </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Human Rights - decisions are obligatory for Ukraine. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Access to information case <ul><li>Appeal – lose </li></ul><ul><li>Now case is in the Higher Administrative Court – the 3 d level </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court??? -> case law </li></ul><ul><li>Waiting for the new law and the Supreme Court cases summary </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thank you for attention!
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