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Ap language synthesis test strategy

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  • 1. AP Language SYNTHESIS Test Strategy Olson and Bailey
  • 2. Reading Time
    • You will be given 15 minutes to read all three essay prompts and corresponding passages.
      • Plan synthesis question first
      • Rhetorical Analysis second
      • Argument third
    • After the 15 minutes you will be given 2 hours to write three essays
  • 3. How your essays are scored 1
    • 1 reader will score your essay
      • The reader reads your essay, gets an impression then scores it not often double checked
    • Three Basic Elements
      • Did the essay answer the question?
      • Did the writer’s point remain clear?
      • Did the writer use examples?
        • Synthesis requires three quotes
        • Analysis requires quotes from text
        • Argument requires anecdotal evidence
  • 4. How your essays are scored 2
    • Two extra elements
      • Grammar
        • Should be fluent and controlled
        • Doesn’t have to be perfect but cannot compromise meaning
      • Voice
        • Be natural, write like yourself
        • Keep the prompt and audience in mind
        • Use examples
  • 5. Synthesis Understanding
    • The goal is to
      • ensure that you are able to present and support your argument.
      • Evaluate your ability to absorb, understand, and employ several sources on the same topic
      • Test your ability to correctly cite and integrate the sources into your argument
  • 6. Question Page
    • Three sections on the question page
      • Directions
        • “Your argument should be central; the sources should support this argument. Avoid merely summarizing sources”
          • Which means bring in your own thoughts and examples
      • Introduction
        • Makes general statements/Provides larger context
        • May ask questions but it is not the prompt
  • 7. Question Page 2
    • Assignment
      • This is the section that includes the prompt
      • Topic is usually in bold type
      • Do what the prompt asks
      • WRITE DOWN YOUR OPINION THAT ANSWERS THE PROMPT BEFORE YOU READ THE SOURCES!
      • Note examples that come to mind before reading
    • Sources
      • Cite by last name or “Source A”
  • 8. Passages and Visuals
    • Passage Process
      • Is the source biased? (Look at source)
      • Date of Publication? Is it relevant
      • What is the position of the author in relation to the prompt’s task?
      • Who is the original intended audience?
    • Annotate Passage
      • Thesis, Point of View
      • “ Quotables” – A good turn of phrase
      • Are you going to summarize or DQ?
  • 9. FAQ
    • Do I have to read all the passages?
      • No, not really but you must cite 3 passages and remember you are being evaluated on your judgment of supporting sources
    • Should I use oppositional passages?
      • Sure thing – Remember the models of argument (Rogerian, Toulmin, Classical)
    • Do I have to use three different passages?
      • Yes
      • You can use more than one quote from a passage and more than three in general

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