Creative thinking in an interconnected context sv mclarenPresentation Transcript
Packet of pieces Groups of 5 One observer appointment in each group Rules: Members cannot take from another member Members cannot talk to each other Members cannot signal to each other Each member must have a complete square
Creative Thinking in an interconnected context Susan.V.McLaren University of Edinburgh Design and Technology
“ We need people who think broadly and who understand systems, connections, patterns, and root causes.”
David Orr, Earth in Mind
ESD teaches students
how and when to ask the “big questions”
how to separate the trivial from the important.
Aims of session
Encourage creative thinking in redesigning the future
Explore interlinked values and implications of design decisions
Explore consumption & consider consequences
Consider role and responsibility of design, engineering, business, appropriate technology, and individual lifestyle in sustainable development
the world rushing through space…
but with no operating instructions for us to understand it!
Care instructions for the planet
sustainability in 2 mins
Wellbeing of planet and people
Match the definitions to the most appropriate R word
Discuss and rank the R words according to how much they contribute to a more sustainable world.
take - make - waste
101 ideas for
What would you do ?
Technologies Education: Opportunities
to apply sustainable designerly thinking and K&U simultaneously
the design, use and maintenance of
energy, transport, leisure, build and operate our homes, services and infrastructures…. production and waste….
13thOctober 2007 The Independent Claridges water list 420 Volcanic, £21 (42cl) from springs at the bottom of an extinct volcano at Tai Tapu in New Zealand Cloud Juice from rainwater that fell on the world’s remotest place Lauquen from Patagonia originated as snow in the Andes Just Born Spring Drops- particularly suited to sensitive digestions, new born babies, children, pregnant elderly Thames Water £0.001 per litre Berg £15 half litre from icebergs in Newfoundland
Metro 13 th Feb 2008 Metro 13th Feb 2008 Sunday Herald 13 th Jan 2008 The device contains a GPS receiver, cellular phone, motion detector, battery charger, weighs 30g, is waterproof & shockproof Approx match box size
Elshof (2006) challenges the ‘Productivism and the Product Paradigm in Technological’
We can’t stop people wanting to ‘consume’!
The purpose of consumption is to satisfy our needs
what are those ‘needs’ as opposed to ‘wants’?
encourage appropriate consumption to compel people to see sufficiency as a lifestyle choice .
Values? Whose values?
How much is enough?!
The power of design
“ Advertising preys on the weakness of its host, creates insatiable hunger & leads to debilitating over-consumption…in biological terms things of this nature are parasites!”
Room 101 what’s ‘hot’ and what’s not? In or out? You decide.
A good design goes beyond appearances No longer enough to be pretty on outside, cheap and available
wanters and coveters,
designers and manufacture
global social justice and equity and respect
sustainable strategies for being human
Appropriate design and technology
Is it what people want and need?
Is it culturally acceptable? Does it increase people’s self reliance?
Is it what people can afford?
Is it environmentally friendly?
Use renewable sources of energy and materials?
Is it made locally, using local skills and materials?
Does it provide work and generate income?
Create or replace jobs?
Inter-connectivity Thinking Task
Developing creative approaches to teaching and learning through topical and controversial issues
Interdisciplinary opportunities and cross cutting themes
health and well being
literacy and numeracy
Newpapers / news articles
By exploring current news items of technological interest, I have raised questions on the issues and can share my thoughts. TCH 1-01c
I can debate the possible future impact of new and emerging technologies on economic prosperity and the environment. TCH 4-01c
The technologies exist
‘ above ground mining’
electric/ bio diesel hybrids
product repair and take back centres
extremely low energy using appliances
renewable energy sources
using not owning
Towards Total Beauty
Cyclic: closed loop.
organic materials and composting,
take-back, refurbish and remanufacture
Solar: The product, in manufacture and use, consumes only uses renewable energy that are cyclic and safe
hydrogen and electricity
Safe: All releases to air, water, land or space are food for other systems
need to maximise the utility of resources in a finite world…..
extremely long view
increased efficiency of materials and energy
every little counts
be more local
fine control work with seasons
all companies have an impact on the people who work for them and the communities within which they operate……
Social: The product and its components and raw materials are manufactured under fair and just operating conditions for the workers involved and the local communities.
Note to self
record your ideas about :
‘ sustainable development’
Purposes of learning in the CfE technologies
develop understanding of the role and impact of technologies in changing and influencing societies
contribute to building a better world by taking responsible ethical actions to improve their lives, the lives of others and the environment
become informed consumers and producers who have an appreciation of the merits and impacts of products and services
be capable of making reasoned choices relating to the environment, to sustainable development and to ethical, economic and cultural issues
I can examine a range of materials, processes or designs in my local community to consider and discuss their environmental, social and economic impact, discussing the possible lifetime cost to the environment in Scotland or beyond.
Through exploring non-renewable energy sources, I can describe how they are used in Scotland today and express an informed view on the implications for their future use. SCN 2-04b
By investigating renewable energy sources and taking part in practical activities to harness them, I can discuss their benefits and potential problems. SCN 3-04b
rhetoric and reality
Winners and Losers
Good things ::::::Bad things
design technology ecology Manufacture and assembly Use and service retirement Material re-used in another product Treatment disposal Earth and biosphere Raw materials acquisition Bulk processing Engineering materials Re-manufacturing Re-use recycling The Product Lifecycle system
that is good for people,
good for profits
and good for the planet.
Building on local knowledge, what they do and how to do it better
Redirecting research efforts towards the poor
Preventing privatisation by trans-nationals
Involving people in the technology decisions that affect their lives and those of future generations
(Science &)Technology have changed our world yet millions have no access to basic technologies
3700bc plough share invented
300bc first bricks fired
300bc aqueducts brought fresh clean water supply to homes
849 million still go hungry
More than billion still lack basic shelter
1.1 billion lack safe drinking water
1455AD first metal printing press
1796AD first vaccine inoculation
1879AD first electric light bulb invented
1996AD anti retroviral drugs developed for HIV / AIDS
I billion cannot read or write
¼ of all babies not inoculated
1.6 billion no electricity
36 million no access to the drugs
individuals are global citizens
Individual consumer decisions and other actions effect resources extraction and manufacturing in distant places
employing the precautionary principle
take action to avoid the possibility of serious or irreversible environmental or social harm (even when scientific knowledge is incomplete or inconclusive)
essential to the promotion of sustainability
an informed and engaged populace is critical to any broad change
citizens who possess broader awareness and understanding of the challenges facing the world regarding natural resources and economic development
thoughtful consumers, producers, and policymakers
‘ Our biggest challenge in this new century is to take an idea
that seems abstract
-sustainable development -
and turn it into a reality for all the world’s people.’
Kofi Annan Secretary General of the United Nations March 2001